Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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"Foodsharing": Reflecting on individualized collective action in a collaborative consumption community organisation
Wahlen, S. - \ 2018
In: Contemporary Collaborative Consumption / Cruz, Isabel, Ganga, Rafaela, Wahlen, Stefan, Wiesbaden : Springer (Kritische Verbraucherforschung ) - ISBN 9783658213459 - p. 57 - 75.
foodsharing - collective action - community organization - consumption governance
Food waste is increasingly seen as a social problem. The “foodsharing” collaborative consumption initiative is an attempt to mitigate this societal challenge. This chapter investigates the community structure and consumer culture associated with “foodsharing”. As a collaborative consumption movement, food consumption is politicized in the “foodsharing” movement. With a growing community, the “foodsharing” community in Berlin (Germany) faced a conflict with the executive branch of consumer policy, the local food authorities. This chapter is in general interested in how the “foodsharing” community is set up and how the community organisation is combined with particular consumer identities. The chapter further investigates how politicization and a conflict with local food authorities lead to consumer activism against consumer policy. The chapter concludes with a theoretical reflection on collaborative consumption movements, highlighting how the boundaries between individual and collective action are continuously blurred and what consumer policy can learn from this contemporary empirical example.
Contemporary Collaborative Consumption : An Introduction
Cruz, Isabel ; Ganga, Rafaela ; Wahlen, S. - \ 2018
In: Contemporary Collaborative Consumption / Cruz, Isabel, Ganga, Rafaela, Wahlen, Stefan, Wiesbaden : Springer (Kritische Verbraucherforschung ) - ISBN 9783658213459 - p. 1 - 15.
The recent decade has seen unprecedented societal challenges. Since the beginning of the economic and social crisis in the global North a decade ago, consumers have started rethinking their everyday lives. Consumers have not only become more mindful in their spending habits, but also more ingenious in living on a limited budget.
Contemporary Collaborative Consumption : Trust and Reciprocity Revisited
Cruz, Isabel ; Ganga, Rafaela ; Wahlen, Stefan - \ 2018
Wiesbaden : Springer (Kritische Verbraucherforschung ) - ISBN 9783658213459 - 182 p.
This book provides critical perspectives on contemporary collaborative consumption, a recent societal phenomenon shaking up previously fixed socio-economic categories such as the producer and the consumer. The contributors discuss the role of trust and reciprocity in collaborative consumption through seven case studies. The chapters advance debates on the contradictions of positioning collaborative consumption as possible solutions for a more sustainable development and exacerbating new forms of inequalities and injustice. The book contributes a nuanced appraisal of social and economic activity for reflecting socio-technological changes in contemporary societies.
Spatial variability of climate change impacts on yield of rice and wheat in the Indian Ganga Basin
Mishra, A. ; Singh, R. ; Raghuwanshi, N.S. ; Chatterjee, C. ; Froebrich, J. - \ 2013
Science of the Total Environment 468-469 (2013). - ISSN 0048-9697 - p. S132 - S138.
food-production - adaptation - simulation - temperature - northern - models
Indian Ganga Basin (IGB), one of the most densely populated areas in the world, is facing a significant threat to food grain production, besides increased yield gap between actual and potential production, due to climate change. We have analyzed the spatial variability of climate change impacts on rice and wheat yields at three different locations representing the upper, middle and lower IGB. The DSSAT model is used to simulate the effects of climate variability and climate change on rice and wheat yields by analyzing: (i) spatial crop yield response to current climate, and (ii) impact of a changing climate as projected by two regional climate models, REMO and HadRM3, based on SRES A1B emission scenarios for the period 2011-2040. Results for current climate demonstrate a significant gap between actual and potential yield for upper, middle and lower IGB stations. The analysis based on RCM projections shows that during 2011-2040, the largest reduction in rice and wheat yields will occur in the upper IGB (reduction of potential rice and wheat yield respectively by 43.2% and 20.9% by REMO, and 24.8% and 17.2% by HadRM3). In the lower IGB, however, contrasting results are obtained, with HadRM3 based projections showing an increase in the potential rice and wheat yields, whereas, REMO based projections show decreased potential yields. We discuss the influence of agro-climatic factors; variation in temperature, length of maturity period and leaf area index which are responsible for modeled spatial variability in crop yield response within the IGB. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Variations in runoff from partially-glacierisedbasins along the Himalayan arc.
Collins, D. ; Moors, E.J. ; Rees, G. - \ 2010
In: European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2010, Vienna, Austria, 2 - 7 May, 2010. - Vienna : - p. 14562 - 14562.
Rivers draining from Himalayan headwater basins, in which precipitation is enhanced orographically, deliver large quantities of runoff to tributaries of the major rivers of the Indo-Gangetic plain. Strong regional climatic variation along the Himalayan arc leads to increasing impact on runoff of monsoonal precipitation from west to east. Relationships between climate and runoff, which vary also with percentage basin glacierisation, prove difficult to assess in the Himalaya, as a result of scarcity of available data, particularly in the upper Ganga basin in the central Himalaya. Attempts to model runoff responses to climatic warming are limited by lack of field measurements, but summer precipitation in the Indian and Nepal Himalaya appears to stave off reduction of meltwater discharge with glacier decline in the central and eastern Himalaya by comparison with the drier Karakoram in the west (Rees & Collins 2006). Available datasets are examined with a view to assessing variations in seasonal distribution and annual total runoff from basins with differing proportions of glacier cover located in areas with varying degrees of monsoonal influence distributed along the Himalayan arc. In the Karakoram, in headwater tributaries of the Indus, runoff increases from April to annual maxima in July or August, and the strength of correlation between runoff and April/May through September/October air temperatures increases with increasing glacierisation. In the central and eastern Himalaya, in tributaries of the Ganga, runoff rises from April to a June peak, before being reduced as occurrence of summer snowfall raises albedo and cloud cover reduces energy availability for melt. From August discharge increases again to a late summer high, before declining as radiation decreases. Correlation between runoff and annual and summer precipitation totals show limited variation with percentage glacierisation. Icemelt is subdued during the longer monsoon, and the extent to which runoff from summer rain compensates for loss of melt declines where basin ice-cover is larger. Downstream influence of meltwater runoff on annual total discharge extends further where summer rainfall amounts are not great. In monsoonal areas, snow and icemelt influences from headwaters extend downstream in spring and autumn before and after the incidence of summer precipitation. Records of river flow are generally short making estimation of the deglaciation discharge dividend problematic
Water Resources of the Ganga basin under a Changing Climate: interaction between Glaciers and Monsoon in the Himalaya
Moors, E.J. ; Harding, R. ; Biemans, H. ; Collins, D. ; Froebrich, J. ; Gosain, A. ; Groot, A. ; Haerter, J. ; Kumar, P. ; Shrestha, M.L. ; Ludwig, F. ; Mishra, A. ; Sarthi, P.P. ; Rees, G. ; Terwisscha Van Scheltinga, C.T.H.M. ; Tomar, S. ; Siderius, C. ; Stoffel, M. ; Werners, S.E. - \ 2009
Water Resources of the Ganga under a changing climate : interaction between glaciers and monsoon in the Himalaya
Moors, Eddy - \ 2009
Mahaweli Ganga irrigation project: Centralization or decentralization?
Slabbers, P.J. ; Toornstra, F. - \ 1987
In: Proc. 13th Congr. Int. Commission on Irrigation and drainage, Rabat, Marocco (1987) 22 pp
Mahaweli Ganga Project in Sri Lanka: evaluation of environmental problems and the role of settler-households in conservation
Drijver, C. ; Toornstra, F. ; Siriwardese, L. - \ 1985
Unknown Publisher - 77 p.
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