Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Variation in pig performance and nutrient digestion among farms seems unrelated to long-term farm health status
Vries, S. de; Sakkas, P. ; Peet-Schwering, C.M.C. van der; Kampman-van der Hoek, E. ; Borne, J.J.G.C. van den; Jansman, A.J.M. ; Gerrits, W.J.J. - \ 2018
Relation between farm health status, immune stimulation, amino acid metabolism, and N-efficiency in growing pigs
Vries, S. de; Sakkas, P. ; Peet-Schwering, C.M.C. van der; Kampman-van der Hoek, E. ; Borne, J.J.G.C. van den; Jansman, A.J.M. ; Gerrits, W.J.J. - \ 2018
Late holocene channel pattern change from laterally stable to meandering - A palaeohydrological reconstruction
Candel, Jasper H.J. ; Kleinhans, Maarten G. ; Makaske, Bart ; Hoek, Wim Z. ; Quik, Cindy ; Wallinga, Jakob - \ 2018
Earth Surface Dynamics 6 (2018)3. - ISSN 2196-6311 - p. 723 - 741.

River channel patterns may alter due to changes in hydrological regime related to changes in climate and/or land cover. Such changes are well documented for transitions between meandering and braiding rivers, whereas channel pattern changes between laterally stable and meandering rivers are poorly documented and understood. We hypothesize that many low-energy meandering rivers had relatively low peak discharges and were laterally stable during most of the Holocene, when climate was relatively stable and human impact was limited. Our objectives in this work are to identify a Late Holocene channel pattern change for the low-energy Overijsselse Vecht river, to develop and apply a novel methodology to reconstruct discharge as a function of time following a stochastic approach, and to relate this channel pattern change to reconstructed hydrological changes. We established that the Overijsselse Vecht was laterally virtually stable throughout the Holocene until the Late Middle Ages, after which large meanders formed at lateral migration rates of about 2myr-1. The lateral stability before the Late Middle Ages was constrained using a combination of coring information, ground-penetrating radar (GPR), radiocarbon (14C) dating, and optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating. We quantified bankfull palaeodischarge as a function of time based on channel dimensions that were reconstructed from the scroll bar sequence and channel cut-offs using coring information and GPR data, combined with chronological constraints from historical maps and OSL dating. We found that the bankfull discharge was significantly greater during the meandering phase compared to the laterally stable phase. Empirical channel and bar pattern models showed that this increase can explain the channel pattern change. The bankfull discharge increase likely reflects climate changes related to the Little Ice Age and/or land use changes in the catchment, in particular as a result of peat reclamation and exploitation.

Extreme drought boosts CO2 and CH4 emissions from reservoir drawdown areas
Kosten, Sarian ; Berg, Sanne van den; Mendonça, Raquel ; Paranaíba, José R. ; Roland, Fabio ; Sobek, Sebastian ; Hoek, Jamon Van Den; Barros, Nathan - \ 2018
Inland Waters : Journal of the International Society of Limnology 8 (2018)3. - ISSN 2044-2041 - p. 329 - 340.
drought - emission peaks - greenhouse gases - reservoirs - rewetting - sediment

Although previous studies suggest that greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from reservoir sediment exposed to the atmosphere during drought may be substantial, this process has not been rigorously quantified. Here we determined carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) emissions from sediment cores exposed to a drying and rewetting cycle. We found a strong temporal variation in GHG emissions with peaks when the sediment was drained (C emissions from permanently wet sediment and drained sediments were, respectively, 251 and 1646 mg m−2 d−1 for CO2 and 0.8 and 547.4 mg m−2 d−1 for CH4) and then again during rewetting (C emissions from permanently wet sediment and rewetted sediments were, respectively, 456 and 1725mg m−2 d−1 for CO2 and 1.3 and 3.1 mg m−2 d−1 for CH4). To gain insight into the importance of these emissions at a regional scale, we used Landsat satellite imagery to upscale our results to all Brazilian reservoirs. We found that during the extreme drought of 2014–2015, an additional 1299 km2 of sediment was exposed, resulting in an estimated emission of 8.5 × 1011 g of CO2-eq during the first 15 d after the overlying water disappeared and in the first 33 d after rewetting, the same order of magnitude as the year-round GHG emissions of large (∼mean surface water area 454 km2) Brazilian reservoirs, excluding the emissions from the draw-down zone. Our estimate, however, has high uncertainty, with actual emissions likely higher. We therefore argue that the effects of drought on reservoir GHG emissions merits further study, especially because climate models indicate an increase in the frequency of severe droughts in the future. We recommend incorporation of emissions during drying and rewetting into GHG budgets of reservoirs to improve regional GHG emission estimates and to enable comparison between GHG emissions from hydroelectric and other electricity sources. We also emphasize that peak emissions at the onset of drought and the later rewetting should be quantified to obtain reliable emission estimates.

Women, their Offspring and iMproving lifestyle for Better cardiovascular health of both (WOMB project) : a protocol of the follow-up of a multicentre randomised controlled trial
Beek, Cornelieke van de; Hoek, Annemieke ; Painter, Rebecca C. ; Gemke, Reinoud J.B.J. ; Poppel, Mireille N.M. van; Geelen, Anouk ; Groen, Henk ; Willem Mol, Ben ; Roseboom, Tessa J. - \ 2018
BMJ Open 8 (2018). - ISSN 2044-6055 - p. e016579 - e016579.
maternal medicine - preventive medicine - reproductive medicine

INTRODUCTION: Women, their Offspring and iMproving lifestyle for Better cardiovascular health of both (WOMB) project is the follow-up of the LIFEstyle study, a randomised controlled trial in obese infertile women, and investigates the effects of a preconception lifestyle intervention on later health of women (WOMB women) and their children (WOMB kids).

METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Obese infertile women, aged between 18 and 39 years, were recruited in 23 Dutch fertility clinics between June 2009 and June 2012. The 284 women allocated to the intervention group received a 6-month structured lifestyle programme. The 280 women in the control group received infertility care as usual. 4 to 7 years after inclusion in the trial, all women (n=564) and children conceived during the trial (24 months after randomisation) (n=305 singletons and age 3-5 years) will be approached to participate in this follow-up study (starting in 2015). The main focus of outcome will be cardiovascular health, but the dataset comprises a wide range of physical and mental health measures, diet and physical activity measures, child growth and development measures, biological samples and genetic and epigenetic information. The follow-up assessment consists of three stages that take place between 2016 and 2018, and includes (online) questionnaires, accelerometry and physical and behavioural measurements in a mobile research vehicle. A subsample of 100 women and 100 children are planned for cardiac ultrasound measurements.

ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The protocol of this follow-up study is approved by the local medical ethics committee (University Medical Centre Groningen). Study findings of the WOMB project will be widely disseminated to the scientific community, healthcare professionals, policy makers, future parents and general public.

TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: The original LIFEstyle study is registered at The Netherlands Trial Registry (number 1530).

Determinants of successful lifestyle change during a 6-month preconception lifestyle intervention in women with obesity and infertility
Karsten, Matty D.A. ; Oers, Anne M. van; Groen, Henk ; Mutsaerts, Meike A.Q. ; Poppel, Mireille N.M. van; Geelen, Anouk ; Beek, Cornelieke van de; Painter, Rebecca C. ; Mol, Ben W.J. ; Roseboom, Tessa J. ; Hoek, Annemieke ; Burggraaff, J.M. ; Kuchenbecker, W.K.H. ; Perquin, D.A.M. ; Koks, C.A.M. ; Golde, R. van; Kaaijk, E.M. ; Schierbeek, J.M. ; Oosterhuis, G.J.E. ; Broekmans, F.J. ; Vogel, N.E.A. ; Lambalk, C.B. ; Veen, F. van der; Klijn, N.F. ; Mercelina, P.E.A.M. ; Kasteren, Y.M. van; Nap, A.W. ; Mulder, R.J.A.B. ; Gondrie, E.T.C.M. ; Bruin, J.P. de - \ 2018
European Journal of Nutrition (2018). - ISSN 1436-6207
Determinants - Lifestyle intervention - Obesity - Preconception

Purpose: To identify demographic, (bio)physical, behavioral, and psychological determinants of successful lifestyle change and program completion by performing a secondary analysis of the intervention arm of a randomized-controlled trial, investigating a preconception lifestyle intervention. Methods: The 6-month lifestyle intervention consisted of dietary counseling, physical activity, and behavioral modification, and was aimed at 5–10% weight loss. We operationalized successful lifestyle change as successful weight loss (≥ 5% weight/BMI ≤ 29 kg/m2), weight loss in kilograms, a reduction in energy intake, and an increase in physical activity during the intervention program. We performed logistic and mixed-effect regression analyses to identify baseline factors that were associated with successful change or program completion. Results: Women with higher external eating behavior scores had higher odds of successful weight loss (OR 1.10, 95% CI 1.05–1.16). Women with the previous dietetic support lost 0.94 kg less during the intervention period (95% CI 0.01–1.87 kg). Women with higher self-efficacy reduced energy intake more than women with lower self-efficacy (p < 0.01). Women with an older partner had an increased energy intake (6 kcal/year older, 95% CI 3–13). A high stage of change towards physical activity was associated with a higher number of daily steps (p = 0.03). A high stage of change towards weight loss was associated with completion of the intervention (p = 0.04). Conclusions: Determinants of lifestyle change and program completion were: higher external eating behavior, not having received previous dietetic support, high stage of change. This knowledge can be used to identify women likely to benefit from lifestyle interventions and develop new interventions for women requiring alternative support. Trial registration: The LIFEstyle study was registered at the Dutch trial registry (NTR 1530;

Controls on late-Holocene drift-sand dynamics : The dominant role of human pressure in the Netherlands
Pierik, Harm J. ; Lanen, Rowin J. van; Gouw-Bouman, Marjolein T.I.J. ; Groenewoudt, Bert J. ; Wallinga, Jakob ; Hoek, Wim Z. - \ 2018
Holocene 28 (2018)9. - ISSN 0959-6836
chronology - climate - drift-sand activity - Holocene - human impact - vegetation development

Holocene drift-sand activity in the northwest European sand belt is commonly directly linked to population pressure (agricultural activity) or to climate change (e.g. storminess). In the Pleistocene sand areas of the Netherlands, small-scale Holocene drift-sand activity began in the Mesolithic, whereas large-scale sand drifting started during the Middle Ages. This last phase not only coincides with the intensification of farming and demographic pressure but also is commonly associated with a colder climate and enhanced storminess. This raises the question to what extent drift-sand activity can be attributed to either human activities or natural forcing factors. In this study, we compare the spatial and temporal patterns of drift-sand occurrence for the four characteristic Pleistocene sand regions in the Netherlands for the period between 1000 BC and AD 1700. To this end, we compiled a new supra-regional overview of drift-sand activity based on age estimates (14C, optically stimulated luminescence (OSL), archaeological and historical ages). The occurrence of sand drifting was then compared in time and space with historical-route networks, relative vegetation openness and climate. Results indicate a constant but low drift-sand activity between 1000 BC and AD 1000, interrupted by a remarkable decrease in activity around the BC/AD transition. It is evident that human pressure on the landscape was most influential on initiating sand drifting: this is supported by more frequent occurrences close to routes and the uninterrupted increase of drift-sand activity from AD 900 onwards, a period of high population density and large-scale deforestation. Once triggered by human activities, this drift-sand development was probably further intensified several centuries later during the cold and stormier ‘Little Ice Age’ (LIA; AD 1570–1850).

Anthropogenic disturbance effects remain visible in forest structure, but not in lemur abundances
Winter, Iris de; Hoek, Sebastiaan van der; Schütt, Jeroen ; Heitkönig, Ignas M.A. ; Hooft, Pim van; Gort, Gerrit ; Prins, Herbert H.T. ; Sterck, Frank - \ 2018
Biological Conservation 225 (2018). - ISSN 0006-3207 - p. 106 - 116.
Anthropogenic disturbance - Forest heterogeneity - Forest structure - Madagascar - Ranomafana

The persistence of tropical rainforests, together with their flora and fauna, is highly threatened by anthropogenic disturbances. In this study, we investigate to what extent selective logging influences the structure and composition of a tropical rainforest in Madagascar and subsequently lemur encounter rates and cluster sizes. We quantified forest structure variables and conducted transect surveys of seven sympatric diurnal lemur species in five protected forest sites with different logging histories. We found that DBH, tree height, the interquartile ranges of DBH and tree height (measure of forest heterogeneity), tree species and family richness were relatively high and tree density was relatively low in less disturbed compared to disturbed sites. Although the disturbed forests have not fully recovered to previous conditions, they seem to have recovered from a functional perspective into suitable lemur habitat, as lemur encounter rates and cluster sizes were similar in disturbed and less disturbed sites. We only found slightly higher encounter rates for Varecia variegata (P = 0.078) and lower encounter rates for Eulemur rufifrons (P = 0.059) in less disturbed forests. This is one of the first studies that report the presence of V. variegata, a species characterised by its drastic decline, in previously logged sites. Lemurs travelling between disturbed and less disturbed sites disperse seeds and hereby facilitate forest regeneration. Therefore, we promote the need for better attention to the value of logged forests for biodiversity conservation in Madagascar and suggest that there is considerable potential for regenerating logged forests to support lemur communities.

Evolutionary analysis of the carnitine- and choline acyltransferases suggests distinct evolution of CPT2 versus CPT1 and related variants
Hoek, Marjanne D. van der; Madsen, Ole ; Keijer, Jaap ; Leij, Feike R. van der - \ 2018
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids 1863 (2018). - ISSN 1388-1981 - p. 909 - 918.
Acetyltransferase - Evolutionary history - Ghrelin - Mitochondria - Palmitoyltransferase

Carnitine/choline acyltransferases play diverse roles in energy metabolism and neuronal signalling. Our knowledge of their evolutionary relationships, important for functional understanding, is incomplete. Therefore, we aimed to determine the evolutionary relationships of these eukaryotic transferases. We performed extensive phylogenetic and intron position analyses. We found that mammalian intramitochondrial CPT2 is most closely related to cytosolic yeast carnitine transferases (Sc-YAT1 and 2), whereas the other members of the family are related to intraorganellar yeast Sc-CAT2. Therefore, the cytosolically active CPT1 more closely resembles intramitochondrial ancestors than CPT2. The choline acetyltransferase is closely related to carnitine acetyltransferase and shows lower evolutionary rates than long chain acyltransferases. In the CPT1 family several duplications occurred during animal radiation, leading to the isoforms CPT1A, CPT1B and CPT1C. In addition, we found five CPT1-like genes in Caenorhabditis elegans that strongly group to the CPT1 family. The long branch leading to mammalian brain isoform CPT1C suggests that either strong positive or relaxed evolution has taken place on this node. The presented evolutionary delineation of carnitine/choline acyltransferases adds to current knowledge on their functions and provides tangible leads for further experimental research.

Responses of soil biota to non-inversion tillage and organic amendments : An analysis on European multiyear field experiments
Hose, Tommy D'; Molendijk, Leendert ; Vooren, Laura Van; Berg, Wim van den; Hoek, Hans ; Runia, Willemien ; Evert, Frits van; Berge, Hein ten; Spiegel, Heide ; Sandèn, Taru ; Grignani, Carlo ; Ruysschaert, Greet - \ 2018
Pedobiologia 66 (2018). - ISSN 0031-4056 - p. 18 - 28.
Earthworms - Microbial biomass - Multiyear field experiments - Nematodes - Non-inversion tillage - Organic amendments
Over the last two decades, there has been growing interest on the effects of agricultural practices on soil biology in Europe. As soil biota are known to fluctuate throughout the season and as agro-environmental conditions may influence the effect of agricultural practices on soil organisms, conclusions cannot be drawn from a single study. Therefore, integrating the results of many studies in order to identify general trends is required. The main objective of this study was to investigate how soil biota are affected by repeated applications of organic amendments (i.e. compost, farmyard manure and slurry) or reduced tillage (i.e. non-inversion tillage and no till) under European conditions, as measured in multiyear field experiments. Moreover, we investigated to what extent the effects on soil biota are controlled by soil texture, sampling depth, climate and duration of agricultural practice. Experimental data on earthworm and nematode abundance, microbial biomass carbon and bacterial and fungal communities from more than 60 European multiyear field experiments, comprising different climatic zones and soil texture classes, were extracted from literature. From our survey, we can conclude that adopting no tillage or non-inversion tillage practices and increasing organic matter inputs by organic fertilization were accompanied by larger earthworm numbers (an increase between 56 and 125% and between 63 and 151% for tillage and organic amendments, respectively) and biomass (an increase between 108 and 416% and between 66 and 196% for tillage and organic amendments, respectively), a higher microbial biomass carbon content (an increase between 10 and 30% and between 25 and 31% for tillage and organic amendments, respectively), a marked increase in bacterivorous nematodes (an increase between 19 and 282% for organic amendment) and bacterial phospholipid-derived fatty acids (PLFA; an increase between 31 and 38% for organic amendment). Results were rarely influenced by soil texture, climate and duration of practice.
Enhanced pharmaceutical removal from water in a three step bio-ozone-bio process
Wilt, Arnoud de; Gijn, Koen van; Verhoek, Tom ; Vergnes, Amber ; Hoek, Mirit ; Rijnaarts, Huub ; Langenhoff, Alette - \ 2018
Water Research 138 (2018). - ISSN 0043-1354 - p. 97 - 105.
Biodegradation - Combined treatment - Ozonation - Pharmaceuticals - Toxicity - Wastewater
Individual treatment processes like biological treatment or ozonation have their limitations for the removal of pharmaceuticals from secondary clarified effluents with high organic matter concentrations (i.e. 17 mg TOC/L). These limitations can be overcome by combining these two processes for a cost-effective pharmaceutical removal. A three-step biological-ozone-biological (BO3B) treatment process was therefore designed for the enhanced pharmaceutical removal from wastewater effluent. The first biological step removed 38% of ozone scavenging TOC, thus proportionally reducing the absolute ozone input for the subsequent ozonation. Complementariness between biological and ozone treatment, i.e. targeting different pharmaceuticals, resulted in cost-effective pharmaceutical removal by the overall BO3B process. At a low ozone dose of 0.2 g O3/g TOC and an HRT of 1.46 h in the biological reactors, the removal of 8 out of 9 pharmaceuticals exceeded 85%, except for metoprolol (60%). Testing various ozone doses and HRTs revealed that pharmaceuticals were ineffectively removed at 0.1 g O3/g TOC and an HRT of 0.3 h. At HRTs of 0.47 and 1.46 h easily and moderately biodegradable pharmaceuticals such as caffeine, gemfibrozil, ibuprofen, naproxen and sulfamethoxazole were over 95% removed by biological treatment. The biorecalcitrant carbamazepine was completely ozonated at a dose of 0.4 g O3/g TOC. Ozonation products are likely biodegraded in the last biological reactor as a 17% TOC removal was found. No appreciable acute toxicity towards D. magna, P. subcapitata and V. fischeri was found after exposure to the influents and effluents of the individual BO3B reactors. The BO3B process is estimated to increase the yearly wastewater treatment tariff per population equivalent in the Netherlands by less than 10%. Overall, the BO3B process is a cost-effective treatment process for the removal of pharmaceuticals from secondary clarified effluents.
Molecular relatedness of ESBL/AmpC-producing Escherichia coli from humans, animals, food and the enviroment : a pooled analysis
Dorado-Garcia, Alejandro ; Smid, J.H. ; Pelt, Wilfrid Van; Bonten, M.J.M. ; Fluit, A.C. ; Bunt, Gerrita van den; Wagenaar, J.A. ; Hordijk, J. ; Dierikx, C.M. ; Veldman, K.T. ; Koeijer, A.A. de; Dohmen, W. ; Schmitt, H. ; Liakopoulos, A. ; Pacholewicz, Ewa ; Lam, T.J.G.M. ; Velthuis, Annet ; Heuvelink, A. ; Gonggrijp, Maaike ; Duijkeren, E. van; Hoek, A.H.A.M. van; Roda Husman, A.N. de; Blaak, H. ; Havelaar, A.H. ; Mevius, D.J. ; Heederik, D.J.J. - \ 2018
Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 73 (2018)2. - ISSN 0305-7453 - p. 339 - 347.
Background: In recent years, ESBL/AmpC-producing Escherichia coli ESBL/AmpC-EC) have been isolated with increasing frequency from animals, food, environmental sources and humans. With incomplete and scattered evidence, the contribution to the human carriage burden from these reservoirs remains unclear.
Objectives: To quantify molecular similarities between different reservoirs as a first step towards risk attribution.
Methods: Pooled data on ESBL/AmpC-EC isolates were recovered from 35 studies in the Netherlands comprising.27 000 samples, mostly obtained between 2005 and 2015. Frequency distributions of ESBL/AmpC genes from 5808 isolates and replicons of ESBL/AmpC-carrying plasmids from 812 isolates were compared across 22 reservoirs through proportional similarity indices (PSIs) and principal component analyses (PCAs).
Results: Predominant ESBL/AmpC genes were identified in each reservoir. PCAs and PSIs revealed close human–animal ESBL/AmpC gene similarity between human farming communities and their animals (broilers and pigs) (PSIs from 0.8 to 0.9). Isolates from people in the general population had higher similarities to those from human clinical settings, surface and sewage water and wild birds (0.7–0.8), while similarities to livestock or food reservoirs were lower (0.3–0.6). Based on rarefaction curves, people in the general population had more diversity in ESBL/AmpC genes and plasmid replicon types than those in other reservoirs.
Conclusions: Our ‘One Health’ approach provides an integrated evaluation of the molecular relatedness of ESBL/AmpC-EC from numerous sources. The analysis showed distinguishable ESBL/AmpC-EC transmission cycles in different hosts and failed to demonstrate a close epidemiological linkage of ESBL/AmpC genes and plasmid replicon types between livestock farms and people in the general population.
Samenvatting ESBL-Attributieanalyse (ESBLAT) : Op zoek naar de bronnen van antibioticaresistentie bij de mens
Mevius, Dik ; Heederik, Dick ; Duijkeren, Engeline ; Veldman, Kees ; Essen, Alieda van; Kant, Arie ; Liakopoulos, Apostolos ; Geurts, Yvon ; Pelt, Wilfrid van; Mughini Gras, Lapo ; Schmitt, Heike ; Dierikx, Cindy ; Hoek, Angela van; Evers, Eric ; Roda Husman, Annemaria de; Blaak, Hetty ; Dissel, Jaap van; Smid, Joost ; Dohmen, Wietske ; Dorado-Garcia, Alejandro ; Havelaar, Arie ; Hordijk, Joost ; Wagenaar, Jaap ; Fluit, Ad ; Bunt, Gerrita van den; Bonten, Marc ; Velthuis, Annet ; Heuvelink, Annet ; Buter, Rianne ; Gonggrijp, Maaike ; Santman-Berends, Inge ; Lam, Theo ; Urlings, Bert ; Heres, Lourens ; Bouwknecht, Martijn ; Groot, Jacques de - \ 2018
Netherlands : De Stichting TKI Agri&Food (TKI) - 11 p.
Rapport ESBL-Attributieanalyse (ESBLAT) : Op zoek naar de bronnen van antibioticaresistentie bij de mens
Mevius, Dik ; Heederik, Dick ; Duijkeren, Engeline ; Veldman, Kees ; Essen, Alieda van; Kant, Arie ; Liakopoulos, Apostolos ; Geurts, Yvon ; Pelt, Wilfrid van; Mughini Gras, Lapo ; Schmitt, Heike ; Dierikx, Cindy ; Hoek, Angela van; Evers, Eric ; Roda Husman, Annemaria de; Blaak, Hetty ; Dissel, Jaap van; Smid, Joost ; Dohmen, Wietske ; Dorado-Garcia, Alejandro ; Havelaar, Arie ; Hordijk, Joost ; Wagenaar, Jaap ; Fluit, Ad ; Bunt, Gerrita van den; Bonten, Marc ; Velthuis, Annet ; Heuvelink, Annet ; Buter, Rianne ; Gonggrijp, Maaike ; Santman-Berends, Inge ; Lam, Theo ; Urlings, Bert ; Heres, Lourens ; Bouwknecht, Martijn ; Groot, Jacques de - \ 2018
Netherlands : De Stichting TKI Agri&Food (TKI) - 73
Wild, insectivorous bats might be carriers of Campylobacter spp.
Hazeleger, Wilma C. ; Jacobs-Reitsma, Wilma F. ; Lina, Peter H.C. ; Boer, Albert G. De; Bosch, Thijs ; Hoek, Angela H.A.M. Van; Beumer, Rijkelt R. - \ 2018
PLoS One 13 (2018)1. - ISSN 1932-6203
Background The transmission cycles of the foodborne pathogens Campylobacter and Salmonella are not fully elucidated. Knowledge of these cycles may help reduce the transmission of these pathogens to humans. Methodology/principal findings The presence of campylobacters and salmonellas was examined in 631 fresh fecal samples of wild insectivorous bats using a specially developed method for the simultaneous isolation of low numbers of these pathogens in small-sized fecal samples ( 0.1 g). Salmonella was not detected in the feces samples, but thermotolerant campylobacters were confirmed in 3% (n = 17) of the bats examined and these pathogens were found in six different bat species, at different sites, in different ecosystems during the whole flying season of bats. Molecular typing of the 17 isolated strains indicated C. jejuni (n = 9), C. coli (n = 7) and C. lari (n = 1), including genotypes also found in humans, wildlife, environmental samples and poultry. Six strains showed unique sequence types. Conclusion/significance This study shows that insectivorous bats are not only carriers of viral pathogens, but they can also be relevant for the transmission of bacterial pathogens. Bats should be considered as carriers and potential transmitters of Campylobacter and, where possible, contact between bats (bat feces) and food or feed should be avoided.
Historical morphodynamics of the Overijsselse Vecht: : evolution of extreme meanders
Quik, C. ; Wallinga, J. ; Makaske, A. ; Candel, J.H.J. ; Maas, G. ; Hoek, W. - \ 2017
Meander initiation of a laterally stable river during the Late Holocene
Candel, J.H.J. ; Kleinhans, M.G. ; Makaske, A. ; Hoek, W.Z. ; Quik, C. ; Wallinga, J. - \ 2017
In: Conference Programme and Abstract Volume 11th International Conference on Fluvial Sedimentology. - Calgary : University of Calgary - p. 135 - 135.
A palaeohydrological study of a river pattern change in the Overijsselse Vecht
Candel, J.H.J. ; Kleinhans, M.G. ; Makaske, A. ; Hoek, W.Z. ; Quik, C. ; Wallinga, J. - \ 2017
In: Book of abstracts NCR Days 2017. - Wageningen : Netherlands Centre for River Studies - p. 5 - 6.
Lastige knolcyperus rukt steeds verder op
Hoek, Hans - \ 2017
Flipped evolution of the mitochondrial enzymes CPT1 and CPT2 of the carnitine- and choline acyltransferase
Hoek, M.D. van der; Madsen, O. ; Keijer, J. ; Leij, F.R. van der - \ 2017
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