Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Multifunctional floodplain management and biodiversity effects : a knowledge synthesis for six European countries
Schindler, Stefan ; O’Neill, Fionnuala H. ; Biró, Marianna ; Damm, Christian ; Gasso, Viktor ; Kanka, Robert ; Sluis, Theo van der; Krug, Andreas ; Lauwaars, Sophie G. ; Sebesvari, Zita ; Pusch, Martin ; Baranovsky, Boris ; Ehlert, Thomas ; Neukirchen, Bernd ; Martin, James R. ; Euller, Katrin ; Mauerhofer, Volker ; Wrbka, Thomas - \ 2016
Biodiversity and Conservation 25 (2016)7. - ISSN 0960-3115 - p. 1349 - 1382.
Ecosystem services - Flood protection - Green infrastructure - River Regulation - River restoration - Water framework directive

Floodplain ecosystems are biodiversity hotspots and supply multiple ecosystem services. At the same time they are often prone to human pressures that increasingly impact their intactness. Multifunctional floodplain management can be defined as a management approach aimed at a balanced supply of multiple ecosystem services that serve the needs of the local residents, but also those of off-site populations that are directly or indirectly impacted by floodplain management and policies. Multifunctional floodplain management has been recently proposed as a key concept to reconcile biodiversity and ecosystem services with the various human pressures and their driving forces. In this paper we present biophysics and management history of floodplains and review recent multifunctional management approaches and evidence for their biodiversity effects for the six European countries Ireland, the Netherlands, Germany, Slovakia, Hungary and the Ukraine. Multifunctional use of floodplains is an increasingly important strategy in some countries, for instance in the Netherlands and Hungary, and management of floodplains goes hand in hand with sustainable economic activities resulting in flood safety and biodiversity conservation. As a result, biodiversity is increasing in some of the areas where multifunctional floodplain management approaches are implemented. We conclude that for efficient use of management resources and ecosystem services, consensual solutions need to be realized and biodiversity needs to be mainstreamed into management activities to maximize ecosystem service provision and potential human benefits. Multifunctionality is more successful where a broad range of stakeholders with diverse expertise and interests are involved in all stages of planning and implementation.

Compromises in data selection in a meta-analysis of biodiversity in managed and unmanaged forests: response to Halme et al.
Paillet, Y. ; Bergès, L. ; Hjältén, J. ; Ódor, P. ; Avon, C. ; Bernhardt-Römermann, M. ; Bijlsma, R.J. ; Bruyn, L. De; Fuhr, M. ; Grandin, U. ; Kanka, R. ; Lundin, L. ; Luque, S. ; Magura, T. ; Matesanz, S. ; Mészáros, I. ; Sebastià, M.T. ; Schmidt, W. ; Standovár, T. ; Tóthmérész, B. ; Uotila, A. ; Valladares, F. ; Vellak, K. ; Virtanen, R. - \ 2010
Conservation Biology 24 (2010)4. - ISSN 0888-8892 - p. 1157 - 1160.
ancient black art - pseudoreplication
Biodiversity Differences between Managed and Unmanaged Forests: Meta-Analysis of Species Richness in Europe
Paillet, Y. ; Bergès, L. ; Hjältén, J. ; Ódor, P. ; Avon, C. ; Bernhardt-Römermann, M. ; Bijlsma, R.J. ; Bruyn, L. de; Fuhr, M. ; Grandin, U. ; Kanka, R. ; Lundin, L. ; Luque, S. ; Magura, T. ; Matesanz, S. ; Mészáros, I. ; Sebastià, M.T. ; Schmidt, W. ; Standovár, T. ; Tóthmérész, B. ; Uotila, A. ; Valladares, F. ; Vellak, K. ; Virtanen, R. - \ 2010
Conservation Biology 24 (2010)1. - ISSN 0888-8892 - p. 101 - 112.
old-growth forests - broadleaved temperate forests - saproxylic beetles - dead wood - layer vegetation - boreal forests - windstorm disturbance - landscape scale - natural forests - land-use
Past and present pressures on forest resources have led to a drastic decrease in the surface area of unmanaged forests in Europe. Changes in forest structure, composition, and dynamics inevitably lead to changes in the biodiversity of forest-dwelling species. The possible biodiversity gains and losses due to forest management (i.e., anthropogenic pressures related to direct forest resource use), however, have never been assessed at a pan-European scale. We used meta-analysis to review 49 published papers containing 120 individual comparisons of species richness between unmanaged and managed forests throughout Europe. We explored the response of different taxonomic groups and the variability of their response with respect to time since abandonment and intensity of forest management. Species richness was slightly higher in unmanaged than in managed forests. Species dependent on forest cover continuity, deadwood, and large trees (bryophytes, lichens, fungi, saproxylic beetles) and carabids were negatively affected by forest management. In contrast, vascular plant species were favored. The response for birds was heterogeneous and probably depended more on factors such as landscape patterns. The global difference in species richness between unmanaged and managed forests increased with time since abandonment and indicated a gradual recovery of biodiversity. Clearcut forests in which the composition of tree species changed had the strongest effect on species richness, but the effects of different types of management on taxa could not be assessed in a robust way because of low numbers of replications in the management-intensity classes. Our results show that some taxa are more affected by forestry than others, but there is a need for research into poorly studied species groups in Europe and in particular locations. Our meta-analysis supports the need for a coordinated European research network to study and monitor the biodiversity of different taxa in managed and unmanaged forests
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