Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Modeling nutrients in Lake Dianchi (China) and its watershed
Li, Xiaolin ; Janssen, Annette B.G. ; Klein, Jeroen J.M. de; Kroeze, Carolien ; Strokal, Maryna ; Ma, Lin ; Zheng, Yi - \ 2019
Agricultural Water Management 212 (2019). - ISSN 0378-3774 - p. 48 - 59.
Critical loading - MARINA nutrient model - Mining - PCLake ecosystem model - River export of nutrients

Lake Dianchi suffered from severe eutrophication for decades. Past efforts to reduce the eutrophication were not very effective. The objective of this study is to improve our understanding of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) loadings and to analyze to what extent they exceed critical nutrient loadings of Lake Dianchi. To this end, we applied the nutrient MARINA model and the ecosystem model PCLake. Results show that river export of dissolved N and P was high in 2012. About 6 209 ton of total dissolved N (TDN) was exported to the lake (i.e. 23.6 kg ha−1), of which more than two-thirds in the form of dissolved inorganic N. For total dissolved P, this export was about 413 ton (i.e. 1.6 kg ha−1), of which 75% dissolved inorganic P. Urban sewage is a major source of nutrients in rivers in the northern sub-basins. In southern sub-basins, agriculture is an important source of both N and P, while P mining and processing is a major source of dissolved inorganic P. Nutrient inputs to the lake are particularly high from urbanization sub-basins draining into the northern part of the lake (Caohai). Critical nutrient loadings for the northern part of the lake (Caohai) are 0.34 mg P m−2d−1 (3.06 mg N m−2d−1) and for the southern part (Waihai) 0.38 mg P m−2d−1 (3.42 mg N m−2d−1). Actual loadings exceed the critical nutrient loadings by 82 times and 17 times of Caohai and Waihai, respectively. Our study illustrates how linking MARINA with PCLake helped to quantify the causes of lake eutrophication and to identify critical loadings for N and P in the lake. Our study can assist local authorities to formulate management options to reduce nutrient pollution in Lake Dianchi in the future.

Causal relationship in the interaction between land cover change and underlying surface climate in the grassland ecosystems in China
Li, Zhouyuan ; Wang, Zezhong ; Liu, Xuehua ; Fath, Brian D. ; Liu, Xiaofei ; Xu, Yanjie ; Hutjes, Ronald ; Kroeze, Carolien - \ 2019
Science of the Total Environment 647 (2019). - ISSN 0048-9697 - p. 1080 - 1087.
Cause-effect - Correlation analysis - Eco-climatology - Grassland - Land-climate - Remote sensing

Land-climate interactions are driven by causal relations that are difficult to ascertain given the complexity and high dimensionality of the systems. Many methods of statistical and mechanistic models exist to identify and quantify the causality in such highly-interacting systems. Recent advances in remote sensing development allowed people to investigate the land-climate interaction with spatially and temporally continuous data. In this study, we present a new approach to measure how climatic factors interact with each other under land cover change. The quantification method is based on the correlation analysis of the different order derivatives, with the canonical mathematical definitions developed from the theories of system dynamics and practices of the macroscopic observations. We examined the causal relationship between the interacting variables on both spatial and temporal dimensions based on macroscopic observations of land cover change and surface climatic factors through a comparative study in the different grassland ecosystems of China. The results suggested that the interaction of land-climate could be used to explain the temporal lag effect in the comparison of the three grassland ecosystems. Significant spatial correlations between the vegetation and the climatic factors confirmed feedback mechanisms described in the theories of eco-climatology, while the uncertain temporal synchronicity reflects the causality among the key indicators. This has been rarely addressed before. Our research show that spatial correlations and the temporal synchronicity among key indicators of the land surface and climatic factors can be explained by a novel method of causality quantification using derivative analysis.

Irrigation reduces the negative effect of global warming on winter wheat yield and greenhouse gas intensity
Li, Jiazhen ; Dong, Wenxu ; Oenema, Oene ; Chen, Tuo ; Hu, Chunsheng ; Yuan, Haijing ; Zhao, Liying - \ 2019
Science of the Total Environment 646 (2019). - ISSN 0048-9697 - p. 290 - 299.
Global warming potential - Greenhouse gas intensity - Greenhouse gases - Irrigation - Warming - Wheat yield

Global warming may exacerbate drought, decrease crop yield and affect greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in semi-arid regions. However, the interactive effects of increases in temperature and water availability on winter wheat yield and GHG emissions in semi-arid climates are not well-understood. Here, we report on a two-year field experiment that examined the effects of a mean soil temperature increase of ~2 °C (at 5 cm depth) with and without additional irrigation on wheat yield and GHG emissions. Infrared heaters were placed above the crop canopy at a height of 1.8 m to simulate warming. Fluxes of CH4, CO2 and N2O were measured using closed static chamber technique once per week during the wheat growing seasons. Warming decreased wheat yield by 28% in the relatively dry year of 2015, while supplemental irrigation nullified the warming effect completely. Warming did not alter the wheat yield significantly in the relatively wet year of 2016, but supplemental irrigation with no warming decreased the wheat yield by 25%. Warming increased CO2 emissions by 28% and CH4 uptake by 24% and tended to decrease N2O emissions. Supplemental irrigation increased N2O emissions but had little effect on CO2 emissions and CH4 uptake. Evidently, warming and supplemental irrigation had interactive effects on wheat yield, GHG emissions and GHG emissions intensity. Precision irrigation appears to be a means of simultaneously increasing wheat yield and reducing GHG emissions under warming conditions in semi-arid areas.

Preantral follicular atresia occurs mainly through autophagy, while antral follicles degenerate mostly through apoptosis
Meng, Li ; Jan, Sabrina Z. ; Hamer, Geert ; Pelt, Ans M. van; Stelt, Inge van der; Keijer, Jaap ; Teerds, Katja J. - \ 2018
Biology of Reproduction 99 (2018)4. - ISSN 0006-3363 - p. 853 - 863.

There is a general agreement that granulosa cell apoptosis is the cause of antral follicle attrition. Less clear is whether this pathway is also activated in case of preantral follicle degeneration, as several reports mention that the incidence of granulosa cell apoptosis in preantral follicles is negligible. Our objective is therefore to determine which cell-death pathways are involved in preantral and antral follicular degeneration.Atretic preantal and antral follicles were investigated using immunohistochemistry and laser-capture microdissection followed by quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. Microtubule-associated light-chain protein 3 (LC3), sequestosome 1 (SQSTM1/P62), Beclin1, autophagy-related protein 7 (ATG7), and cleaved caspase 3 (cCASP3) were used as markers for autophagy and apoptosis, respectively. P62 immunostaining was far less intense in granulosa cells of atretic compared to healthy preantral follicles, while no difference in LC3 and BECLIN1 immunostaining intensity was observed. This difference in P62 immunostaining was not observed in atretic antral follicles. mRNA levels of LC3 and P62 were not different between healthy and atretic (pre)antral follicles. ATG7 immunostaining was observed in granulosa cells of preantral atretic follicles, not in granulosa cells of degenerating antral follicles. The number of cCASP3-positive cells was negligible in preantral atretic follicles, while numerous in atretic antral follicles. Taken together, we conclude that preantral and antral follicular atresia is the result of activation of different cell-death pathways as antral follicular degeneration is initiated by massive granulosa cell apoptosis, while preantral follicular atresia occurs mainly via enhanced granulosa cell autophagy.

Substrate binding by the second sialic acid-binding site of influenza a virus N1 neuraminidase contributes to enzymatic activity
Du, Wenjuan ; Dai, Meiling ; Li, Zeshi ; Boons, Geert-Jan ; Peeters, Ben ; Kuppeveld, Frank J.M. van; Vries, Erik de; Haan, Cornelis A.M. de - \ 2018
Journal of Virology 92 (2018)20. - ISSN 0022-538X
Influenza A virus - Neuraminidase - Second SIA-binding site - Sialic acid

The influenza A virus (IAV) neuraminidase (NA) protein plays an essential role in the release of virus particles from cells and decoy receptors. The NA enzymatic activity presumably needs to match the activity of the IAV hemagglutinin (HA) attachment protein and the host sialic acid (SIA) receptor repertoire. We analyzed the enzymatic activities of N1 NA proteins derived from avian (H5N1) and human (H1N1) IAVs and analyzed the role of the second SIA-binding site, located adjacent to the conserved catalytic site, therein. SIA contact residues in the second SIAbinding site of NA are highly conserved in avian, but not human, IAVs. All N1 proteins preferred cleaving α2,3- over α2,6-linked SIAs even when their corresponding HA proteins displayed a strict preference for α2,6-linked SIAs, indicating that the specificity of the NA protein does not need to fully match that of the corresponding HA protein. NA activity was affected by substitutions in the second SIA-binding site that are observed in avian and human IAVs, at least when multivalent rather than monovalent substrates were used. These mutations included both SIA contact residues and residues that do not directly interact with SIA in all three loops of the second SIA-binding site. Substrate binding via the second SIA-binding site enhanced the catalytic activity of N1. Mutation of the second SIA-binding site was also shown to affect virus replication in vitro. Our results indicate an important role for the N1 second SIA-binding site in binding to and cleavage of multivalent substrates. IMPORTANCE Avian and human influenza A viruses (IAVs) preferentially bind α2,3- and α2,6-linked sialic acids (SIAs), respectively. A functional balance between the hemagglutinin (HA) attachment and neuraminidase (NA) proteins is thought to be important for host tropism. What this balance entails at the molecular level is, however, not well understood. We now show that N1 proteins of both avian and human viruses prefer cleaving avian- over human-type receptors although human viruses were relatively better in cleavage of the human-type receptors. In addition, we show that substitutions at different positions in the second SIA-binding site found in NA proteins of human IAVs have a profound effect on binding and cleavage of multivalent, but not monovalent, receptors and affect virus replication. Our results indicate that the HA-NA balance can be tuned via modification of substrate binding via this site and suggest an important role of the second SIA-binding site in host tropism.

Resistance to tomato yellow leaf curl virus in tomato germplasm
Yan, Zhe ; Pérez-de-Castro, Ana ; Díez, Maria J. ; Hutton, Samuel F. ; Visser, Richard G.F. ; Wolters, Anne-Marie A. ; Bai, Yuling ; Li, Junming - \ 2018
Frontiers in Plant Science 9 (2018). - ISSN 1664-462X
Begomovirus - Resistance - S. chilense - S. peruvianum - Solanum lycopersicum - Tomato - TYLCV

Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) is a virus species causing epidemics in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) worldwide. Many efforts have been focused on identification of resistance sources by screening wild tomato species. In many cases, the accession numbers were either not provided in publications or not provided in a consistent manner, which led to redundant screenings. In the current study, we summarized efforts on the screenings of wild tomato species for TYLCV resistance from various publications. In addition, we screened 708 accessions from 13 wild tomato species using different inoculation assays (i.e., whitefly natural infection and Agrobacterium-mediated inoculation) from which 138 accessions exhibited no tomato yellow leaf curl disease (TYLCD) symptoms. These symptomless accessions include 14 accessions from S. arcanum, 43 from S. chilense, 1 from S. chmielewskii, 28 from S. corneliomulleri, 5 from S. habrochaites, 4 from S. huaylasense, 2 from S. neorickii, 1 from S. pennellii, 39 from S. peruvianum, and 1 from S. pimpinellifolium. Most of the screened S. chilense accessions remained symptomless. Many symptomless accessions were also identified in S. arcanum, S. corneliomulleri, and S. peruvianum. A large number of S. pimpinellifolium accessions were screened. However, almost all of the tested accessions showed TYLCD symptoms. Further, we studied allelic variation of the Ty-1/Ty-3 gene in few S. chilense accessions by applying virus-induced gene silencing and allele mining, leading to identification of a number of allele-specific polymorphisms. Taken together, we present a comprehensive overview on TYLCV resistance and susceptibility in wild tomato germplasm, and demonstrate how to study allelic variants of the cloned Ty-genes in TYLCV-resistant accessions.

The potential of osmolytes and their precursors to alleviate osmotic stress of anaerobic granular sludge.
Sudmalis, D. ; Millah, S.K. ; Gagliano, M.C. ; Butré, C.I. ; Plugge, C.M. ; Rijnaarts, H.H.M. ; Zeeman, G. ; Temmink, H. - \ 2018
Water Research 147 (2018). - ISSN 0043-1354 - p. 142 - 151.
Anaerobic granular sludge - Methanogenic activity - Osmolytes - Saline wastewater

Increasing amounts of saline (waste)water with high concentrations of organic pollutants are generated globally. In the anaerobic (waste)water treatment domain, high salt concentrations are repeatedly reported to inhibit methanogenic activity and strategies to overcome this toxicity are needed. Current research focuses on the use of potential osmolyte precursor compounds for osmotic stress alleviation in granular anaerobic sludges upon exposure to hypersalinity shocks. Glutamic acid, aspartic acid, lysine, potassium, gelatine, and tryptone were tested for their potential to alleviate osmotic stress in laboratory grown and full – scale granular sludge. The laboratory grown granular sludge was adapted to 5 (R5) and 20 (R20) g Na+/L. Full-scale granular sludge was obtained from internal circulation reactors treating tannery (waste)water with influent conductivity of 29.2 (Do) and 14.1 (Li) mS/cm. In batch experiments which focused on specific methanogenic activity (SMA), R5 granular sludge was exposed to a hypersalinity shock of 20 g Na+/L. The granular sludge of Do and Li was exposed to a hypersalinity shock of 10 g Na+/L with sodium acetate as the sole carbon source. The effects on R20 granular sludge were studied at the salinity level to which the sludge was already adapted, namely 20 g Na+/L. Dosing of glutamic acid, aspartic acid, gelatine, and tryptone resulted in increased SMA compared to only acetate fed batches. In batches with added glutamic acid, the SMA increased by 115% (Li), 35% (Do) and 9% (R20). With added aspartic acid, SMA increased by 72% (Li), 26% (Do), 12% (R5) and 7% (R20). The addition of tryptone resulted in SMA increases of 36% (R5), 17% (R20), 179% (Li), and 48% (Do), whereas added gelatine increased the SMA by 30% (R5), 14% (R20), 23% (Li), and 13% (Do). The addition of lysine, meanwhile, gave negative effects on SMA of all tested granular sludges. Potassium at sea water Na/K ratio (27.8 w/w) had a slight positive effect on SMA of Do (7.3%) and Li (10.1%), whereas at double the sea water ratio (13.9% w/w) had no pronounced positive effect. R20 granular sludge was also exposed to hyposalinity shock from 20 down to 5 g Na+/L. Glutamate and N-acetyl-β-lysine were excreted by microbial consortium in anaerobic granular sludge adapted to 20 g Na+/L upon this exposure to hyposalinity. A potential consequence when applying these results is that saline streams containing specific and hydrolysable proteins can be anaerobically treated without additional dosing of osmolytes.

Correction to : New traits in crops produced by genome editing techniques based on deletions (Plant Biotechnology Reports, (2017), 11, 1, (1-8), 10.1007/s11816-017-0425-z)
Wiel, C.C.M. van de; Schaart, J.G. ; Lotz, L.A.P. ; Smulders, M.J.M. - \ 2018
Plant Biotechnology Reports (2018). - ISSN 1863-5466 - 1 p.

In the original publication of the article, Li et al. has been incorrectly cited in the following sentence “Interestingly, a complex trait par excellence, yield, was also shown to be amenable to an SDN-1 approach. Li et al. (2017) used CRISPR-Cas9 in rice to mutate the regulatory genes Gna1, DEP1, and GS3 and obtained plants with increased grain numbers, dense erect panicles plus semi-dwarf phenotype, and larger grains, respectively.”.

Purified Dietary Red and White Meat Proteins Show Beneficial Effects on Growth and Metabolism of Young Rats Compared to Casein and Soy Protein
Song, Shangxin ; Hua, Chun ; Zhao, Fan ; Li, Mengjie ; Fu, Qingquan ; Hooiveld, Guido J.E.J. ; Muller, Michael ; Li, Chunbao ; Zhou, Guanghong - \ 2018
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 66 (2018)38. - ISSN 0021-8561 - p. 9942 - 9951.
molecular nutrition - protein quality - proteomics - red meat - white meat

This study compared the effects of casein, soy protein (SP), red (RMP), and white meat (WMP) proteins on growth and metabolism of young rats. Compared to casein, the ratio of daily feed intake to daily body weight gain of rats was not changed by meat protein but reduced by SP by 93.3% (P < 0.05). Feeding RMP and WMP reduced the liver total cholesterol (TC) contents by 24.3% and 17.8%, respectively (P < 0.05). Only RMP increased plasma HDL-cholesterol concentrations (by 12.7%, P < 0.05), whereas SP increased plasma triacylglycerol, TC, and LDL-cholesterol concentrations by 23.7%, 19.5%, and 61.5%, respectively (P < 0.05). Plasma essential and total amino acid concentrations were increased by WMP (by 18.8% and 12.4%, P < 0.05) but reduced by SP (by 28.3% and 37.7%, P < 0.05). Twenty-five liver proteins were differentially expressed in response to different protein sources. Therefore, meat proteins were beneficial for growth and metabolism of young rats compared to casein and SP.

Interleukin-37 treatment of mice with metabolic syndrome improves insulin sensitivity and reduces pro-inflammatory cytokine production in adipose tissue
Ballak, Dov B. ; Li, Suzhao ; Cavalli, Giulio ; Stahl, Jonathan L. ; Tengesdal, Isak W. ; Diepen, Janna A. van; Klück, Viola ; Swartzwelter, Benjamin ; Azam, Tania ; Tack, Cees J. ; Stienstra, Rinke ; Mandrup-Poulsen, Thomas ; Seals, Douglas R. ; Dinarello, Charles A. - \ 2018
Journal of Biological Chemistry 293 (2018)37. - ISSN 0021-9258 - p. 14224 - 14236.

Obesity and the metabolic syndrome are characterized by chronic, low-grade inflammation mainly originating from expanding adipose tissue and resulting in inhibition of insulin signaling and disruption of glycemic control.Transgenic mice expressing human interleukin 37 (IL-37),an anti-inflammatory cytokine of the IL-1 family,are protected against metabolic syndrome when fed a high-fat diet (HFD) containing 45% fat. Here, we examined whether treatment with recombinant IL-37 ameliorates established insulin resistance and obesity-induced inflammation. WT mice were fed a HFD for 22 weeks and then treated daily with IL-37 (1 ug/mouse) during the last 2 weeks. Compared with vehicle only-treated mice, IL-37-treated mice exhibited reduced insulin in the plasma and had significant improvements in glucose tolerance and in insulin content of the islets.The IL-37 treatment also increased the levels of circulating IL-1 receptor antagonist. Cultured adipose tissues revealed that IL-37 treatment significantly decreases spontaneous secretions of IL-1β, tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα), and CXC motif chemokine ligand 1 (CXCL-1). We also fed mice a 60% fat diet with concomitant daily IL-37 for 2 weeks and observed decreased secretion of IL-1β, TNFα, and IL-6 and reduced intracellular levels of IL-1β in the liver and adipose tissue, along with improved plasma glucose clearance. Compared with vehicle treatment, these IL-37-treated mice had no apparent weight gain. In human adipose tissue cultures, the presence of 50 pM IL-37 reduced spontaneous release of TNF and 50% of lipopolysaccharide-induced TNFα. These findings indicate that IL-37's anti-inflammatory effects can ameliorate established metabolic disturbances during obesity.

Waterbird Communities in Subsidence Wetlands Created by Underground Coal Mining in China : Effects of Multi-Scale Environmental and Anthropogenic Variables
Li, Chunlin ; Yang, Sen ; Zha, Daode ; Zhang, Yong ; Boer, Willem F. de - \ 2018
Environmental Conservation (2018). - ISSN 0376-8929 - 9 p.
Habitat loss - subsidence wetland - waterbird - wetland degradation

SummaryUnderground coal mining in the North China Plain has created large-scale subsidence wetlands that may attract waterbirds that use them as complementary habitats. However, no study has been conducted to understand avian use of these created wetlands, inhibiting the formulation of effective management plans. Here, we carried out 12 semi-monthly surveys in 55 subsidence wetlands during the 2016-2017 migration and wintering period and performed direct multivariate analyses, combined with variance partitioning, to test the effects of multi-scale habitat variables on the waterbird assemblages. A total of 89 349 waterbirds representing 60 species were recorded, with seasonal fluctuations in species richness and bird abundance. Waterbird community structures were shaped by four groups of variables at local, landscape and human levels with different effects among seasons. Anthropogenic disturbance was the most important factor group, negatively affecting most guilds. Waterbirds in this human-dominated environment are under a variety of potential threats that should be further studied. The subsidence wetlands are still expanding, and if managed effectively, may provide important complementary habitats for a wide array of waterbird species, particularly for those migrating along the East Asian-Australasian Flyway. Our study provides key baseline data regarding the waterbird communities and may help with the designing of effective management and conservation plans.

Denitrification-potential evaluation and nitrate-removal-pathway analysis of aerobic denitrifier strain Marinobacter hydrocarbonoclasticus RAD-2
Kong, Dedong ; Li, Wenbing ; Deng, Yale ; Ruan, Yunjie ; Chen, Guangsuo ; Yu, Jianhai ; Lin, Fucheng - \ 2018
Water 10 (2018)10. - ISSN 2073-4441
Aerobic denitrification - Denitrifying gene expression - Marinobacter hydrocarbonoclasticus RAD-2 - Nitrogen removal - Wastewater treatment

An aerobic denitrifier was isolated from a long-term poly (3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3- hydroxyvalerate) PHBV-supported denitrification reactor that operated under alternate aerobic/anoxic conditions. The strain was identified as Marinobacter hydrocarbonoclasticus RAD-2 based on 16S rRNA-sequence phylogenetic analysis. Morphology was observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and phylogenetic characteristics were analyzed with the API 20NE test. Strain RAD-2 showed efficient aerobic denitrification ability when using NO3 - -N or NO2 --N as its only nitrogen source, while heterotrophic nitrification was not detected. The average NO3 --N and NO2 --N removal rates were 6.47 mg/(L·h)and 6.32 mg/(L·h), respectively. Single-factor experiments indicated that a 5:10 C/N ratio, 25-40 °C temperature, and 100-150 rpm rotation speed were the optimal conditions for aerobic denitrification. Furthermore, the denitrifying gene napA had the highest expression on a transcriptional level, followed by the denitrifying genes nirS and nosZ. The norB gene was found to have significantly low expression during the experiment. Overall, great aerobic denitrification ability makes the RAD-2 strain a potential alternative in enhancing nitrate management for marine recirculating aquaculture system (RAS) practices.

Differences in infectivity and pathogenicity of two Plantago asiatica mosaic virus isolates in lilies
Tanaka, Masashi ; Verbeek, Martin ; Takehara, Miki ; Pham, Khanh ; Lemmers, Miriam ; Slootweg, Casper ; Arie, Tsutomu ; Komatsu, Ken - \ 2018
European Journal of Plant Pathology (2018). - ISSN 0929-1873
Environmental effects - Infectivity - Necrosis - Ornamental lily - Pathogenicity - Plantago asiatica mosaic virus

Plantago asiatica mosaic virus (PlAMV) is a member of the genus Potexvirus in the family Alphaflexiviridae and has been isolated from a variety of host plants. In particular, PlAMV isolates from ornamental lilies (Lilium spp.) cause necrotic symptoms in these plants, which significantly reduces their commercial value. However, it has not been clear whether PlAMV isolates from other host plants differ in their infectivity and/or pathogenicity to ornamental lilies, and whether growth conditions affect infectivity and pathogenicity. In this study, we inoculated an edible lily species (Lilium leichtlinii) and seven varieties of ornamental lilies with two PlAMV isolates, an isolate from ornamental lily (PlAMV-OL) and an isolate from edible lily (PlAMV-Li1). We found that PlAMV-OL showed higher infection rates and exhibited necrotic symptoms more frequently in lilies than PlAMV-Li1. Moreover, we observed higher infection rates of PlAMV-OL in open field than in greenhouse, and higher rates of necrotic symptoms in autumn test than in spring test, suggesting that growth conditions and season affect infectivity and pathogenicity of PlAMV in lilies. Our study would provide important information for estimating the risk of necrotic disease caused by PlAMV, as well as for cultivation management preventing the occurrence of the disease.

Quality of terrestrial data derived from UAV photogrammetry : A case study of Hetao irrigation district in northern China
Zhang, Hongming ; Yang, Jiang Tao ; Baartman, Jantiene E.M. ; Li, Shu Qin ; Jin, Bei ; Han, Wen Ting ; Yang, Xiaomei ; Gai, Lingtong ; Ritsema, Coen J. ; Geissen, Violette - \ 2018
International Journal of Agricultural and Biological Engineering 11 (2018)3. - ISSN 1934-6344 - p. 171 - 177.
Accuracy evaluation - DEM - GIS - Irrigation area - Photogrammetry - UAVs

Most crops in northern China are irrigated, but the topography affects the water use, soil erosion, runoff and yields. Technologies for collecting high-resolution topographic data are essential for adequately assessing these effects. Ground surveys and techniques of light detection and ranging have good accuracy, but data acquisition can be time-consuming and expensive for large catchments. Recent rapid technological development has provided new, flexible, high-resolution methods for collecting topographic data, such as photogrammetry using unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). The accuracy of UAV photogrammetry for generating high-resolution Digital Elevation Model (DEM) and for determining the width of irrigation channels, however, has not been assessed. A fixed-wing UAV was used for collecting high-resolution (0.15 m) topographic data for the Hetao irrigation district, the third largest irrigation district in China. 112 ground checkpoints (GCPs) were surveyed by using a real-time kinematic global positioning system to evaluate the accuracy of the DEMs and channel widths. A comparison of manually measured channel widths with the widths derived from the DEMs indicated that the DEM-derived widths had vertical and horizontal root mean square errors of 13.0 and 7.9 cm, respectively. UAV photogrammetric data can thus be used for land surveying, digital mapping, calculating channel capacity, monitoring crops, and predicting yields, with the advantages of economy, speed and ease.

The red bayberry genome and genetic basis of sex determination
Jia, Hui Min ; Jia, Hui Juan ; Cai, Qing Le ; Wang, Yan ; Zhao, Hai Bo ; Yang, Wei Fei ; Wang, Guo Yun ; Li, Ying Hui ; Zhan, Dong Liang ; Shen, Yu Tong ; Niu, Qing Feng ; Chang, Le ; Qiu, Jie ; Zhao, Lan ; Xie, Han Bing ; Fu, Wan Yi ; Jin, Jing ; Li, Xiong Wei ; Jiao, Yun ; Zhou, Chao Chao ; Tu, Ting ; Chai, Chun Yan ; Gao, Jin Long ; Fan, Long Jiang ; Weg, Eric van de; Wang, Jun Yi ; Gao, Zhong Shan - \ 2018
Plant Biotechnology Journal (2018). - ISSN 1467-7644
genome - Morella rubra - sex-determining region - sex-linked marker

Morella rubra, red bayberry, is an economically important fruit tree in south China. Here, we assembled the first high-quality genome for both a female and a male individual of red bayberry. The genome size was 313-Mb, and 90% sequences were assembled into eight pseudo chromosome molecules, with 32 493 predicted genes. By whole-genome comparison between the female and male and association analysis with sequences of bulked and individual DNA samples from female and male, a 59-Kb region determining female was identified and located on distal end of pseudochromosome 8, which contains abundant transposable element and seven putative genes, four of them are related to sex floral development. This 59-Kb female-specific region was likely to be derived from duplication and rearrangement of paralogous genes and retained non-recombinant in the female-specific region. Sex-specific molecular markers developed from candidate genes co-segregated with sex in a genetically diverse female and male germplasm. We propose sex determination follow the ZW model of female heterogamety. The genome sequence of red bayberry provides a valuable resource for plant sex chromosome evolution and also provides important insights for molecular biology, genetics and modern breeding in Myricaceae family.

Forest Landscape Hydrology in a ‘New Normal’ Era of Climate and Land Use Change
Jones, Julia A. ; Wei, Xiaohua ; Noordwijk, M. van; Creed, Irena F. ; Gush, Mark ; Ellison, David ; Blanco, Juan A. ; Bishop, Kevin ; McNulty, Steven ; BarguésTobella, Aida ; Archer, E. ; Bruijnzeel, L.A. ; Duinker, P. ; Foster, David ; Gebrekirstos, Aster ; Giles-Hansen, Krysta ; Hacket-Pain, Andrew ; Harper, Richard J. ; Ilstedt, Ulrik ; Li, Qiang ; Liao, Yingchun ; Malmer, Anders ; Mwangi, Hosea ; Orland, Chloé ; Steenberg, James ; Wang, Yi ; Worthy, Fiona ; Xu, Jianchu ; Zhang, Mingfang - \ 2018
In: Forest and Water on a Changing Planet: Vulnerability, Adaptation and Governance Opportunities / Creed, Irena F., van Noordwijk, Meine, International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO) (IUFRO World Series ) - ISBN 9783902762955 - p. 81 - 99.
Green and Black Tea Phenolics : Bioavailability, Transformation by Colonic Microbiota, and Modulation of Colonic Microbiota
Liu, Zhibin ; Bruins, Marieke Elisabeth ; Ni, Li ; Vincken, Jean Paul - \ 2018
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 66 (2018)32. - ISSN 0021-8561 - p. 8469 - 8477.
bioavailability - black tea phenolics - green tea catechins - gut microbiota - health benefits - microbial metabolism

Monomeric green tea catechin (GTC) and oligomeric, oxidized black tea phenolic (BTP) have shown promising health benefits, although GTC has been more extensively studied than BTP. We review the current knowledge on bioavailability, colonic transformation, and gut microbiota modulatory effects of GTC and BTP. As a result of their similar poor bioavailability in the small intestine and potentially similar metabolites upon colonic fermentation, it seems as if GTC and BTP have similar health effects, although it cannot be excluded that they have different gut microbiota modulatory effects and that BTP gives a poorer yield of bioactive phenolic metabolites upon colonic fermentation than GTC.

Development and analysis of the Soil Water Infiltration Global database
Rahmati, Mehdi ; Weihermüller, Lutz ; Vanderborght, Jan ; Pachepsky, Yakov A. ; Mao, Lili ; Sadeghi, Seyed Hamidreza ; Moosavi, Niloofar ; Kheirfam, Hossein ; Montzka, Carsten ; Looy, Kris Van; Toth, Brigitta ; Hazbavi, Zeinab ; Yamani, Wafa Al; Albalasmeh, Ammar A. ; Alghzawi, M.Z. ; Angulo-Jaramillo, Rafael ; Antonino, Antônio Celso Dantas ; Arampatzis, George ; Armindo, Robson André ; Asadi, Hossein ; Bamutaze, Yazidhi ; Batlle-Aguilar, Jordi ; Béchet, Béatrice ; Becker, Fabian ; Blöschl, Günter ; Bohne, Klaus ; Braud, Isabelle ; Castellano, Clara ; Cerdà, Artemi ; Chalhoub, Maha ; Cichota, Rogerio ; Císlerová, Milena ; Clothier, Brent ; Coquet, Yves ; Cornelis, Wim ; Corradini, Corrado ; Coutinho, Artur Paiva ; Oliveira, Muriel Bastista De; Macedo, José Ronaldo De; Durães, Matheus Fonseca ; Emami, Hojat ; Eskandari, Iraj ; Farajnia, Asghar ; Flammini, Alessia ; Fodor, Nándor ; Gharaibeh, Mamoun ; Ghavimipanah, Mohamad Hossein ; Ghezzehei, Teamrat A. ; Giertz, Simone ; Hatzigiannakis, Evangelos G. ; Horn, Rainer ; Jiménez, Juan José ; Jacques, Diederik ; Keesstra, Saskia Deborah ; Kelishadi, Hamid ; Kiani-Harchegani, Mahboobeh ; Kouselou, Mehdi ; Jha, Madan Kumar ; Lassabatere, Laurent ; Li, Xiaoyan ; Liebig, Mark A. ; Lichner, Lubomír ; López, María Victoria ; Machiwal, Deepesh ; Mallants, Dirk ; Mallmann, Micael Stolben ; Oliveira Marques, Jean Dalmo De; Marshall, Miles R. ; Mertens, Jan ; Meunier, Félicien ; Mohammadi, Mohammad Hossein ; Mohanty, Binayak P. ; Pulido-Moncada, Mansonia ; Montenegro, Suzana ; Morbidelli, Renato ; Moret-Fernández, David ; Moosavi, Ali Akbar ; Mosaddeghi, Mohammad Reza ; Mousavi, Seyed Bahman ; Mozaffari, Hasan ; Nabiollahi, Kamal ; Neyshabouri, Mohammad Reza ; Ottoni, Marta Vasconcelos ; Ottoni Filho, Theophilo Benedicto ; Pahlavan-Rad, Mohammad Reza ; Panagopoulos, Andreas ; Peth, Stephan ; Peyneau, Pierre Emmanuel ; Picciafuoco, Tommaso ; Poesen, Jean ; Pulido, Manuel ; Reinert, Dalvan José ; Reinsch, Sabine ; Rezaei, Meisam ; Roberts, Francis Parry ; Robinson, David ; Rodrigo-Comino, Jesüs ; Rotunno Filho, Otto Corrêa ; Saito, Tadaomi ; Suganuma, Hideki ; Saltalippi, Carla ; Sándor, Renáta ; Schütt, Brigitta ; Seeger, Manuel ; Sepehrnia, Nasrollah ; Sharifi Moghaddam, Ehsan ; Shukla, Manoj ; Shutaro, Shiraki ; Sorando, Ricardo ; Stanley, Ajayi Asishana ; Strauss, Peter ; Su, Zhongbo ; Taghizadeh-Mehrjardi, Ruhollah ; Taguas, Encarnación ; Teixeira, Wenceslau Geraldes ; Vaezi, Ali Reza ; Vafakhah, Mehdi ; Vogel, Tomas ; Vogeler, Iris ; Votrubova, Jana ; Werner, Steffen ; Winarski, Thierry ; Yilmaz, Deniz ; Young, Michael H. ; Zacharias, Steffen ; Zeng, Yijian ; Zhao, Ying ; Zhao, Hong ; Vereecken, Harry - \ 2018
Earth System Science Data 10 (2018)3. - ISSN 1866-3508 - p. 1237 - 1263.

In this paper, we present and analyze a novel global database of soil infiltration measurements, the Soil Water Infiltration Global (SWIG) database. In total, 5023 infiltration curves were collected across all continents in the SWIG database. These data were either provided and quality checked by the scientists who performed the experiments or they were digitized from published articles. Data from 54 different countries were included in the database with major contributions from Iran, China, and the USA. In addition to its extensive geographical coverage, the collected infiltration curves cover research from 1976 to late 2017. Basic information on measurement location and method, soil properties, and land use was gathered along with the infiltration data, making the database valuable for the development of pedotransfer functions (PTFs) for estimating soil hydraulic properties, for the evaluation of infiltration measurement methods, and for developing and validating infiltration models. Soil textural information (clay, silt, and sand content) is available for 3842 out of 5023 infiltration measurements (∼76%) covering nearly all soil USDA textural classes except for the sandy clay and silt classes. Information on land use is available for 76ĝ€% of the experimental sites with agricultural land use as the dominant type (∼40%). We are convinced that the SWIG database will allow for a better parameterization of the infiltration process in land surface models and for testing infiltration models. All collected data and related soil characteristics are provided online in ∗.xlsx and ∗.csv formats for reference, and we add a disclaimer that the database is for public domain use only and can be copied freely by referencing it. Supplementary data are available at https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.885492 (Rahmati et al., 2018). Data quality assessment is strongly advised prior to any use of this database. Finally, we would like to encourage scientists to extend and update the SWIG database by uploading new data to it.

Significant enhancement of micropollutant photocatalytic degradation using a TiO2 nanotube array photoanode based photocatalytic fuel cell
Ye, Yin ; Bruning, Harry ; Li, Xiaolu ; Yntema, Doekle ; Rijnaarts, Huub H.M. - \ 2018
Chemical Engineering Journal 354 (2018). - ISSN 1385-8947 - p. 553 - 562.
MCPA - Photocatalysis - Photocatalytic fuel cell - Scavengers - TiO nanotube arrays

This study evaluated the application of a membrane-free photocatalytic fuel cell composed of a TiO2 nanotube array photoanode and a Cu cathode, i.e. TNA-Cu PFC system, for micropollutant removal from water. Significantly enhanced removal of a commonly present aqueous micropollutant 4-chloro-2-methylphenoxyacetic acid (MCPA) was obtained in this TNA-Cu PFC system: the TNA-Cu PFC system achieved better MCPA degradation compared to the conventional photocatalytic method using the same catalyst. In the TNA-Cu PFC system, the MCPA degradation was largely promoted under acidic conditions, indicating this as an important operational condition. The enhancement of MCPA degradation in the TNA-Cu PFC system involved better e/h+ separation and generation of other oxidants: in conventional photocatalytic process, hydroxyl radicals in liquid phase contributed to 93.7% MCPA degradation while only 2.4% MCPA degradation was mediated by other oxidants like [rad]O2 , H2O2, [rad]HO2; for MCPA degradation in the TNA-Cu PFC system, the contribution of hydroxyl radicals in the liquid phase decreased to 83.6%, while contribution of other oxidants like [rad]O2 , H2O2, [rad]HO2 increased to 15.3%. This change in MCPA degradation mechanisms was confirmed via degradation intermediates analysis by LC-MS/MS. The study on the effect of electrolyte concentration suggests that when operated under acidic conditions, addition of electrolyte is not required. The TNA-Cu PFC system was shown to work well in the presence of up to 15 mg/L natural organic matter (originating from two large rivers), high amounts of common inorganic ions, and even in WWTP effluent. The TNA-Cu PFC system also exhibited relatively good stability after several cycles of repeated use. The obtained results demonstrated that this is an adequate system for micropollutant removal from water at various places in the water cycle, i.e. as polisher of WWTP effluents before discharge or for cleaning intake water before producing drinking water.

Sensitive MS method for the detection of palytoxins in shellfish using li+ cationization
Klijnstra, M.D. ; Gerssen, A. - \ 2018
- 1 p.
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