Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Pest categorisation of Clavibacter sepedonicus
Bragard, C. ; Dehnen-Schmutz, Katharina ; Serio, Francesco Di; Gonthier, Paolo ; Miret, Josep Anton Jaques ; Fejer Justesen, Annemarie ; MacLeod, A. ; Magnusson, C. ; Milonas, Panagiotis ; Navas-Cortes, Juan A. ; Parnell, Stephen ; Potting, R. ; Reignault, Lucien ; Thulke, H.H. ; Werf, W. van der; Civera, Antonio Vicent ; Yuen, Jonathan ; Zappalà, Lucia ; Wolf, J.M. van der; Kaluski, Tomasz ; Pautasso, Marco ; Jacques, Marie-Agnès - \ 2019
EFSA Journal 17 (2019)4. - ISSN 1831-4732
bacterial ring rot of potato - European Union - pest risk - plant health - plant pest - quarantine
Following a request from the European Commission, the EFSA Panel on Plant Health performed a pest categorisation of Clavibacter sepedonicus, a well-defined and distinguishable bacterial plant pathogen of the family Microbacteriaceae. C. sepedonicus causes bacterial ring rot of potato and is reported from North America, Asia and Europe. The bacterium is mostly tuber transmitted, but it can also enter host plants through wounds or via contaminated equipment. C. sepedonicus is regulated in Council Directive
2000/29/EC (Annex IAII, as Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus) as a harmful organism whose introduction into the EU is banned. In addition, Council Directive 1993/85/EEC concerns the measures to be taken within EU Member States (MS) against C. sepedonicus to (a) detect it and determine its distribution, (b) prevent its occurrence and spread, and (c) control it with the aim of eradication. The pest is present in several EU MS, but in all cases with a restricted distribution and under official control. C. sepedonicus could enter the EU and spread primarily via host plants for planting (i.e. potato tubers).
The pest could establish in the EU, as the main host (potato) is commonly grown and climatic conditions are favourable. Direct potato losses following infection by C. sepedonicus can be substantial and are due to the destruction of the vascular tissue, wilting of the plant and rotting of the tubers. Infected hosts can
remain asymptomatic. The main knowledge gaps are the geographic distribution of the pest and the host range. The criteria assessed by the Panel for consideration of C. sepedonicus as a potential quarantine pest are met, while, for regulated non-quarantine pests, the criterion on the widespread presence in the EU is not met.
Pest categorisation of the Ralstonia solanacearum species complex
Bragard, C. ; Dehnen-Schmutz, Katharina ; Serio, Francesco Di; Gonthier, Paolo ; Miret, Josep Anton Jaques ; Fejer Justesen, Annemarie ; MacLeod, A. ; Magnusson, C. ; Milonas, P.G. ; Navas-Cortes, Juan A. ; Werf, W. van der; Wolf, J.M. van der - \ 2019
EFSA Journal 17 (2019)2. - ISSN 1831-4732
bacterial wilt - European Union - intraspecific diversity - pest risk - plant health - plant pest - quarantine
Following a request from the European Commission, the EFSA Panel on Plant Health performed a pest categorisation of the Ralstonia solanacearum species complex (RSSC), a distinguishable cosmopolitan group of bacterial plant pathogens (including R. solanacearum, Ralstonia pseudosolanacearum and two
subspecies of Ralstonia syzygii) of the family Burkholderiaceae. The RSSC causes bacterial wilt in solanaceous crops, such as potato, tomato and pepper, but can also cause wilts in other important food crops such as fruit banana, plantain banana and cassava. The pest survives in the soil, and a number of
weed species can also be infected by the pest, often asymptomatically. The RSSC is regulated in Council Directive 2000/29/EC (Annex IAII) (indicated by its former name R. solanacearum, as delimited by Yabuuchi et al.) as a harmful organism whose introduction into the EU is banned. In addition, Council Directive 1998/57/EC (amended by Commission Directive 2006/63/CE) concerns the measures to be taken within EU Member States (MS) against the RSSC to (a) detect it and determine its distribution, (b) prevent its occurrence and spread, and (c) control it with the aim of eradication. The pest is present in several EU MS, but in all cases with a restricted distribution and under official control. New
phylotypes of the RSSC could enter the EU primarily via host plants for planting (including seed tubers).
The pest could establish in the EU, as climatic conditions are favourable, hosts are common and the pathogen has high adaptability. Spread is mainly via plants for planting. Substantial crop losses in the EU would occur in the presence of RSSC epidemics. The RSSC is regarded as one of the world’s most important phytopathogenic bacteria due to its broad geographical distribution, large host range, aggressiveness, genetic diversity and long persistence in soil and water. The list of hosts and commodities for which the pest is regulated is incomplete due to the high diversity of hosts and the lack of knowledge of the complete host range. Moreover, the comparative epidemiology of the different pathogen species has not yet been studied. The criteria assessed by the Panel for consideration of the RSSC as potential quarantine pest are met, while, for regulated non-quarantine pests, the criterion on the widespread presence in the EU is not met.
Learning and innovation in hybrid organizations : Strategic and organizational insights
Boccardelli, Paolo ; Annosi, Maria Carmela ; Brunetta, Federica ; Magnusson, Mats - \ 2018
Springer International Publishing Switzerland - ISBN 9783319624662 - 303 p.
Bricolage - Collaboration - Emergence - Exchange - Experimentation - Networks - Organizational change - Organizational forms - Technological management
Reflecting the emergence of new organizational forms and hybrid organizations, this edited collection explores the processes of exchange, collaboration and technological management that have changed organizational structures. By investigating the impact that inter-organizational collaboration can have on the production and implementation of ideas within new firms, this study contributes to the growing field of innovation and responds to the need for a greater understanding of renewed processes. The authors argue that collaborations need to go beyond existing practices to create emerging paths such as bricolage, experimentation, effectuation and learning. Drawing together a diverse body of literature on the internal dynamics that drive organizational change, Learning and Innovation in Hybrid Organizations presents multiple perspectives on combining organizational flexibility with learning and innovation, and provides implications for future practice.
The emergence of new organization designs. Evidences from self-managed team-based organizations
Annosi, Maria Carmela ; Giustiniano, Luca ; Brunetta, Federica ; Magnusson, Mats - \ 2018
In: Learning and Innovation in Hybrid Organizations / Boccardelli, P., Annosi, M.C., Brunetta, F., Magnusson, M., Springer International Publishing Switzerland - ISBN 9783319624662 - p. 255 - 268.
New organization designs emerge continuously in highly dynamic innovation context to improve readiness to change. The adoption of self-managing teams operating cross-functionally on a bulk of products, together with the reduction of vertical layers in the organization, seems to be a common strategy for many organizations aiming to achieve higher level of efficacy and shorter lead times. Authors explore the extent to which new micro-and meso-level organizational forms contribute to the achievement of organizational efficiency, and produce secondary effects on long-term innovation goals.
Species Distribution Modelling: Contrasting presence-only models with plot abundance data
Gomes, Vitor H.F. ; Ijff, Stéphanie D. ; Raes, Niels ; Amaral, Iêda Leão ; Salomão, Rafael P. ; Coelho, Luiz De Souza ; Matos, Francisca Dionízia De Almeida ; Castilho, Carolina V. ; Filho, Diogenes De Andrade Lima ; López, Dairon Cárdenas ; Guevara, Juan Ernesto ; Magnusson, William E. ; Phillips, Oliver L. ; Wittmann, Florian ; Carim, Marcelo De Jesus Veiga ; Martins, Maria Pires ; Irume, Mariana Victória ; Sabatier, Daniel ; Molino, Jean François ; Bánki, Olaf S. ; Guimarães, José Renan Da Silva ; Pitman, Nigel C.A. ; Piedade, Maria Teresa Fernandez ; Mendoza, Abel Monteagudo ; Luize, Bruno Garcia ; Venticinque, Eduardo Martins ; de Leão Novo, E.M.M. ; Vargas, Percy Núñez ; Silva, Thiago Sanna Freire ; Manzatto, Angelo Gilberto ; Terborgh, John ; Reis, Neidiane Farias Costa ; Montero, Juan Carlos ; Montero, Juan Carlos ; Casula, Katia Regina ; Marimon, Beatriz S. ; Marimon, Ben Hur ; Honorio Coronado, Euridice N. ; Feldpausch, Ted R. ; Duque, Alvaro ; Zartman, Charles Eugene ; Arboleda, Nicolás Castaño ; Killeen, Timothy J. ; Mostacedo, Bonifacio ; Vasquez, Rodolfo ; Schöngart, Jochen ; Assis, Rafael L. ; Medeiros, Marcelo Brilhante ; Simon, Marcelo Fragomeni ; Andrade, Ana ; Laurance, William F. ; Camargo, José Luís ; Demarchi, Layon O. ; Laurance, Susan G.W. ; Farias, Emanuelle De Sousa ; Nascimento, Henrique Eduardo Mendonça ; Revilla, Juan David Cardenas ; Quaresma, Adriano ; Costa, Flavia R.C. ; Vieira, Ima Célia Guimarães ; Cintra, Bruno Barçante Ladvocat ; Cintra, Bruno Barçante Ladvocat ; Castellanos, Hernán ; Brienen, Roel ; Stevenson, Pablo R. ; Feitosa, Yuri ; Duivenvoorden, Joost F. ; Aymard, Gerardo A.C. ; Mogollón, Hugo F. ; Targhetta, Natalia ; Comiskey, James A. ; Vicentini, Alberto ; Lopes, Aline ; Damasco, Gabriel ; Dávila, Nállarett ; García-Villacorta, Roosevelt ; Levis, Carolina ; Levis, Carolina ; Schietti, Juliana ; Souza, Priscila ; Emilio, Thaise ; Alonso, Alfonso ; Neill, David ; Dallmeier, Francisco ; Ferreira, Leandro Valle ; Araujo-Murakami, Alejandro ; Praia, Daniel ; Amaral, Dário Dantas Do; Carvalho, Fernanda Antunes ; Souza, Fernanda Coelho De - \ 2018
Scientific Reports 8 (2018)1. - ISSN 2045-2322
Species distribution models (SDMs) are widely used in ecology and conservation. Presence-only SDMs such as MaxEnt frequently use natural history collections (NHCs) as occurrence data, given their huge numbers and accessibility. NHCs are often spatially biased which may generate inaccuracies in SDMs. Here, we test how the distribution of NHCs and MaxEnt predictions relates to a spatial abundance model, based on a large plot dataset for Amazonian tree species, using inverse distance weighting (IDW). We also propose a new pipeline to deal with inconsistencies in NHCs and to limit the area of occupancy of the species. We found a significant but weak positive relationship between the distribution of NHCs and IDW for 66% of the species. The relationship between SDMs and IDW was also significant but weakly positive for 95% of the species, and sensitivity for both analyses was high. Furthermore, the pipeline removed half of the NHCs records. Presence-only SDM applications should consider this limitation, especially for large biodiversity assessments projects, when they are automatically generated without subsequent checking. Our pipeline provides a conservative estimate of a species' area of occupancy, within an area slightly larger than its extent of occurrence, compatible to e.g. IUCN red list assessments.
Investigating the impact of agile control mechanisms on learning in scrum teams
Annosi, M.C. ; Magnusson, M. ; Martini, A. - \ 2018
In: Learning and Innovation in hybrid organizations / Boccardelli, P., Annosti, M.C., Brunetta, F., Magnusson, M., Springer - ISBN 9783319624679 - p. 213 - 229.
This chapter aims to explore Management Control Systems (MCS) resulting from the implementation of agile development methods, relying on an established MCS taxonomy. An abductive approach was adopted, considering the shortage of research evaluating the post-adoption effects of agile methods. Four organizations from an international telecommunication firm that implemented agile methods were involved, and 44 individual semi-structured interviews were performed. In addition, 121 free comments from a global survey to the same organizations were used as secondary data. The paper indicates how Scrum, a widespread agile method, implicitly brings multiple enforcing levers of control to a team’s self-regulatory learning processes.
Organizational controls in a post-bureaucratic era: a Telecommunication case
Annosi, M.C. ; Brunetta, Federica ; Magnusson, Mats ; Boccardelli, P. - \ 2018
In: Learning and innovation in hybrid organizations / Boccardelli, P., Annosi, M.C., Brunetta, F., Magnusson, M., Springer - ISBN 9783319624679
Strategic and organizational Insights into learning and innovation in hybrids and "new" organizations
Annosi, M.C. ; Brunetta, Federica - \ 2018
In: Learning and innovation in hybrid organizations / Boccardelli, P., Annosi, M.C., Brunetta, F., Magnusson, M., Springer - ISBN 9783319624662 - p. 1 - 10.
The aim of this chapter is to introduce the reader to the concepts of hybrid and new organizations. Its intent is also to make clear the type of contribution the book is intended to bring to the literature on hybrid organizations. The structure of the book and how to navigate it, together with a short summary of contributions, are presented.
Conclusion. In Learning and Innovation
Annosi, M.C. ; Brunetta, Federica - \ 2018
In: Learning and innovation in hybrid organizations / Boccardelli, P., Annosi, M.C., Brunetta, F., Magnusson, M., Springer - ISBN 9783319624679
Investigating the impact of agile methods on learning and innovation
Annosi, M.C. ; Brunetta, Federica ; Hemphala, J. - \ 2018
In: Learning and innovation in hybrid organizations / Boccardelli, P., Annosi, M.C., Brunetta, F., Magnusson, M., Springer - ISBN 9783319624679 - p. 73 - 97.
In a turbulent environment, increased flexibility and efficiency are essential for most firms to survive. Many organizations have responded to the need for greater efficiency and productivity by building more Agile structures and shifting to the implementation of Agile software (SW) methodologies. Although the adoption of Agile methodologies is becoming widespread, robust empirical evidence on their effectiveness is lacking as is evidence of the improvements brought by Agile compared to other methods. This chapter provides empirical evidence on the impact of Agile on organizational product and process innovation and learning. Authors investigate the following research question: How does use of Agile methods impact on product and process related innovation and learning in teams? While the relationship between the investment in knowledge and innovation output has been studied extensively, little work focuses on the role of Agile in growing the organization’s knowledge base through team learning. The data collected include traditional R&D innovation indicators and also in-depth measures of organizational performance and overall team outcomes, which allow us to study not only the extent to which Agile impacts on the firm’s innovation and learning performance but also the dynamic team learning process.
The Interaction of Control Systems and Stakeholder Networks in Shaping the Identities of Self-Managed Teams
Annosi, Maria Carmela ; Foss, Nicolai ; Brunetta, Federica ; Magnusson, Mats - \ 2017
Organization Studies 38 (2017)5. - ISSN 0170-8406 - p. 619 - 645.
managerial control - organizational control - organizational identity - team identity

Team identity has received little research attention even though an increasing number of firms are moving to team-based organizations and there is evidence that teams form identities. We explore the extent to which team identity can be institutionalized as a central organizing principle of team-based firms. We argue that managerial and stakeholder interventions shape the self-construction of team identity as well as the team’s commitment to specific work objectives. We also suggest that team identity becomes isomorphic to organizational identity because of pressures related to: (1) the presence of a dense network of managers and stakeholders, which orients teams towards a focus on certain aspects of the higher-order identity; (2) the use of team routines and regular feedback loops, which force alignment with the organizational identity; and (3) the use of coordinating roles aimed at promoting, ratifying and reinforcing the convergence of identity within the team. We analyse multiple cases from a major multinational corporation in the telecommunications industry, which we examine through the lens of a multi-level model of controls involving the micro, meso and macro organizational levels. We expand and refine the model in the process.

Development of a pathway model to assess the exposure of European pine trees to pine wood nematode via the trade of wood
Douma, J.C. ; Werf, W. Van Der; Hemerik, L. ; Magnusson, C. ; Robinet, C. - \ 2017
Ecological Applications 27 (2017)3. - ISSN 1051-0761 - p. 769 - 785.
biological invasion - Bursaphelenchus xylophilus - coniferous wood - Monochamus - pest risk analysis - pine wilt disease - risk reduction options - wood trade
Pine wood nematode (PWN), Bursaphelenchus xylophilus, is a threat for pine species (Pinus spp.) throughout the world. The nematode is native to North America, and invaded Japan, China, Korea, and Taiwan, and more recently Portugal and Spain. PWN enters new areas through trade in wood products. Once established, eradication is not practically feasible. Therefore, preventing entry of PWN into new areas is crucial. Entry risk analysis can assist in targeting management to reduce the probability of entry. Assessing the entry of PWN is challenging due to the complexity of the wood trade and the wood processing chain. In this paper, we develop a pathway model that describes the wood trade and wood processing chain to determine the structure of the entry process. We consider entry of PWN through imported coniferous wood from China, a possible origin of Portuguese populations, to Europe. We show that exposure increased over years due to an increase in imports of sawn wood. From 2000 to 2012, Europe received an estimated 84 PWN propagules from China, 88% of which arose from imported sawn wood and 12% from round wood. The region in Portugal where the PWN was first reported is among those with the highest PWN transfer per unit of imported wood due to a high host cover and vector activity. An estimated 62% of PWN is expected to enter in countries where PWN is not expected to cause the wilt of pine trees because of low summer temperatures (e.g., Belgium, Sweden, Norway). In these countries, PWN is not easily detected, and such countries can thus serve as potential reservoirs of PWN. The model identifies ports and regions with high exposure, which helps targeting monitoring and surveillance, even in areas where wilt disease is not expected to occur. In addition, we show that exposure is most efficiently reduced by additional treatments in the country of origin, and/or import wood from PWN-free zones. Pathway modelling assists plant health managers in analyzing risks along the pathway and planning measures for enhancing biosecurity.
PLASTOX: Direct and indirect ecotoxicological impacts of microplastics on marine organisms
Booth, Andy ; Sakaguchi-Soder, Kaori ; Sobral, Paula ; Airoldi, Laura ; Sempere, Richard ; Franeker, J.A. van; Magnusson, Kerstin ; Doyle, Thomas ; Morrison, Liam ; Salaverria, Iurgi ; Colen, Carl van; Herzke, Dorte ; Orbea, Amaia ; Gabrielsen, Geir Wing ; Nies, Hartmut ; Galloway, Tamara ; Oyen, Albert Van - \ 2016
Genome-wide analysis identifies 12 loci influencing human reproductive behavior
Barban, Nicola ; Jansen, Rick ; Vlaming, Ronald de; Vaez, Ahmad ; Mandemakers, Jornt J. ; Tropf, Felix C. ; Shen, Xia ; Wilson, James F. ; Chasman, Daniel I. ; Nolte, Ilja M. ; Tragante, Vinicius ; Laan, Sander W. van der; Perry, John R.B. ; Kong, Augustine ; Ahluwalia, Tarunveer S. ; Albrecht, Eva ; Yerges-Armstrong, Laura ; Atzmon, Gil ; Auro, Kirsi ; Ayers, Kristin ; Bakshi, Andrew ; Ben-Avraham, Danny ; Berger, Klaus ; Bergman, Aviv ; Bertram, Lars ; Bielak, Lawrence F. ; Bjornsdottir, Gyda ; Bonder, Marc Jan ; Broer, Linda ; Bui, Minh ; Barbieri, Caterina ; Cavadino, Alana ; Chavarro, Jorge E. ; Turman, Constance ; Concas, Maria Pina ; Cordell, Heather J. ; Davies, Gail ; Eibich, Peter ; Eriksson, Nicholas ; Esko, Tõnu ; Eriksson, Joel ; Falahi, Fahimeh ; Felix, Janine F. ; Fontana, Mark Alan ; Franke, Lude ; Gandin, Ilaria ; Gaskins, Audrey J. ; Gieger, Christian ; Gunderson, Erica P. ; Guo, Xiuqing ; Hayward, Caroline ; He, Chunyan ; Hofer, Edith ; Huang, Hongyan ; Joshi, Peter K. ; Kanoni, Stavroula ; Karlsson, Robert ; Kiechl, Stefan ; Kifley, Annette ; Kluttig, Alexander ; Kraft, Peter ; Lagou, Vasiliki ; Lecoeur, Cecile ; Lahti, Jari ; Li-Gao, Ruifang ; Lind, Penelope A. ; Liu, Tian ; Makalic, Enes ; Mamasoula, Crysovalanto ; Matteson, Lindsay ; Mbarek, Hamdi ; McArdle, Patrick F. ; McMahon, George ; Meddens, S.F.W. ; Mihailov, Evelin ; Miller, Mike ; Missmer, Stacey A. ; Monnereau, Claire ; Most, Peter J. van der; Myhre, Ronny ; Nalls, Mike A. ; Nutile, Teresa ; Kalafati, Ioanna Panagiota ; Porcu, Eleonora ; Prokopenko, Inga ; Rajan, Kumar B. ; Rich-Edwards, Janet ; Rietveld, Cornelius A. ; Robino, Antonietta ; Rose, Lynda M. ; Rueedi, Rico ; Ryan, Kathleen A. ; Saba, Yasaman ; Schmidt, Daniel ; Smith, Jennifer A. ; Stolk, Lisette ; Streeten, Elizabeth ; Tönjes, Anke ; Thorleifsson, Gudmar ; Ulivi, Sheila ; Wedenoja, Juho ; Wellmann, Juergen ; Willeit, Peter ; Yao, Jie ; Yengo, Loic ; Zhao, Jing Hua ; Zhao, Wei ; Zhernakova, Daria V. ; Amin, Najaf ; Andrews, Howard ; Balkau, Beverley ; Barzilai, Nir ; Bergmann, Sven ; Biino, Ginevra ; Bisgaard, Hans ; Bønnelykke, Klaus ; Boomsma, Dorret I. ; Buring, Julie E. ; Campbell, Harry ; Cappellani, Stefania ; Ciullo, Marina ; Cox, Simon R. ; Cucca, Francesco ; Toniolo, Daniela ; Davey-Smith, George ; Deary, Ian J. ; Dedoussis, George ; Deloukas, Panos ; Duijn, Cornelia M. van; Geus, Eco J.C. de; Eriksson, Johan G. ; Evans, Denis A. ; Faul, Jessica D. ; Sala, Cinzia Felicita ; Froguel, Philippe ; Gasparini, Paolo ; Girotto, Giorgia ; Grabe, Hans-Jörgen ; Greiser, Karin Halina ; Groenen, Patrick J.F. ; Haan, Hugoline G. de; Haerting, Johannes ; Harris, Tamara B. ; Heath, Andrew C. ; Heikkilä, Kauko ; Hofman, Albert ; Homuth, Georg ; Holliday, Elizabeth G. ; Hopper, John ; Hyppönen, Elina ; Jacobsson, Bo ; Jaddoe, Vincent W.V. ; Johannesson, Magnus ; Jugessur, Astanand ; Kähönen, Mika ; Kajantie, Eero ; Kardia, Sharon L.R. ; Keavney, Bernard ; Kolcic, Ivana ; Koponen, Päivikki ; Kovacs, Peter ; Kronenberg, Florian ; Kutalik, Zoltan ; Bianca, Martina la; Lachance, Genevieve ; Iacono, William G. ; Lai, Sandra ; Lehtimäki, Terho ; Liewald, David C. ; Lindgren, Cecilia M. ; Liu, Yongmei ; Luben, Robert ; Lucht, Michael ; Luoto, Riitta ; Magnus, Per ; Magnusson, Patrik K.E. ; Martin, Nicholas G. ; McGue, Matt ; McQuillan, Ruth ; Medland, Sarah E. ; Meisinger, Christa ; Mellström, Dan ; Metspalu, Andres ; Traglia, Michela ; Milani, Lili ; Mitchell, Paul ; Montgomery, Grant W. ; Mook-Kanamori, Dennis ; Mutsert, Renée de; Nohr, Ellen A. ; Ohlsson, Claes ; Olsen, Jørn ; Ong, Ken K. ; Paternoster, Lavinia ; Pattie, Alison ; Penninx, Brenda W.J.H. ; Perola, Markus ; Peyser, Patricia A. ; Pirastu, Mario ; Polasek, Ozren ; Power, Chris ; Kaprio, Jaakko ; Raffel, Leslie J. ; Räikkönen, Katri ; Raitakari, Olli ; Ridker, Paul M. ; Ring, Susan M. ; Roll, Kathryn ; Rudan, Igor ; Ruggiero, Daniela ; Rujescu, Dan ; Salomaa, Veikko ; Schlessinger, David ; Schmidt, Helena ; Schmidt, Reinhold ; Schupf, Nicole ; Smit, Johannes ; Sorice, Rossella ; Spector, Tim D. ; Starr, John M. ; Stöckl, Doris ; Strauch, Konstantin ; Stumvoll, Michael ; Swertz, Morris A. ; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur ; Thurik, A.R. ; Timpson, Nicholas J. ; Tung, Joyce Y. ; Uitterlinden, André G. ; Vaccargiu, Simona ; Viikari, Jorma ; Vitart, Veronique ; Völzke, Henry ; Vollenweider, Peter ; Vuckovic, Dragana ; Waage, Johannes ; Wagner, Gert G. ; Wang, Jie Jin ; Wareham, Nicholas J. ; Weir, David R. ; Willemsen, Gonneke ; Willeit, Johann ; Wright, Alan F. ; Zondervan, Krina T. ; Stefansson, Kari ; Krueger, Robert F. ; Lee, James J. ; Benjamin, Daniel J. ; Cesarini, David ; Koellinger, Philipp D. ; Hoed, Marcel den; Snieder, Harold ; Mills, Melinda C. - \ 2016
Nature Genetics 48 (2016)12. - ISSN 1061-4036 - p. 1462 - 1472.
The genetic architecture of human reproductive behavior—age at first birth (AFB) and number of children ever born (NEB)—has a strong relationship with fitness, human development, infertility and risk of neuropsychiatric disorders. However, very few genetic loci have been identified, and the underlying mechanisms of AFB and NEB are poorly understood. We report a large genome-wide association study of both sexes including 251,151 individuals for AFB and 343,072 individuals for NEB. We identified 12 independent loci that are significantly associated with AFB and/or NEB in a SNP-based genome-wide association study and 4 additional loci associated in a gene-based effort. These loci harbor genes that are likely to have a role, either directly or by affecting non-local gene expression, in human reproduction and infertility, thereby increasing understanding of these complex traits.
Fulbright Arctic Initiative: An Innovative Model for Policy Relevant Research & Public Outreach
Virgina, Ross A. ; Sfraga, Michael ; Arnbom, Tom ; Chamberlain, Linda ; Chatwood, Susan ; Tepecik Dis, Asli ; Hoogensen Gjorv, Gunhild ; Harms, Tamara K. ; Hansen, Anne ; Holdmann, Gwen ; Johnson, Noor ; Lantz, Trevor ; Magnússon, Bjarni ; Neuhaus, Itty S. ; Poelzer, Gregory ; Sokka, Laura ; Tysyachnyouk, M. ; Varpe, Oystein ; Vestergaard, Niels - \ 2016
Arctic Yearbook 2016 (2016). - ISSN 2298-2418 - p. 212 - 224.
Developing Renewable Energy in Arctic and Sub-Arctic Regions and Communities : Working Recommendations of the Fulbright Arctic Initiative Energy Group
Poelzer, Greg ; Hoogensen Gjorv, Gunhild ; Holdmann, Gwen ; Johnson, Noor ; Magnússon, Bjarni Már ; Sokka, Laura ; Tysyachnyouk, M. ; Yu, Stan - \ 2016
Saskatoon, Canada : University of Saskatchewan / International Centre for Northern Governance and Development - 78 p.
Forest structure along a 600 km transect of natural disturbances and seasonality gradients in central-southern Amazonia
Schietti, Juliana ; Martins, Demétrius ; Emilio, Thaise ; Souza, Priscila F. ; Levis, Carolina ; Baccaro, Fabricio B. ; Purri da Veiga Pinto, José Luiz ; Moulatlet, Gabriel M. ; Stark, Scott C. ; Sarmento, Kelly ; Nazaré O. de Araújo, R. ; Costa, Flávia R.C. ; Schöngart, Jochen ; Quesada, Carlos A. ; Saleska, Scott R. ; Tomasella, Javier ; Magnusson, William E. - \ 2016
Journal of Ecology 104 (2016). - ISSN 0022-0477 - p. 1335 - 1346.
Above-ground biomass - Carbon stocks - Density of stems - Determinants of plant community diversity and structure - Purus-Madeira interfluve - Soil - Storms - Tropical forest

A negative relationship between stand biomass and the density of stems is expected to develop during the self-thinning process in resource-limited forests; this leads to a large proportion of the total biomass occurring in large trees. Nevertheless, frequent disturbance regimes can reduce self-thinning and the accumulation of large trees. We investigated size-density relationships and the contribution of large trees (dbh ≥ 70 cm) to stand biomass in 55 1-ha plots along a 600 km transect in central-southern Amazonia. The effects of natural-disturbance gradients (frequency of storms and soil characteristics) and seasonality on forest-structure components (density of stems and mean individual mass) and stand biomass were examined. Contrary to self-thinning predictions, stand biomass increased in forests with higher stem densities. Large trees contained only an average of 5% of stand biomass, and half of the stand biomass was represented by small trees with diameters <27 cm. These findings indicate that persistent or strong disturbance plays a critical role in forest structure and biomass in the central-southern Amazon. Frequent storms were identified as an important source of disturbance in the region. Forests under higher frequency of storms had trees with lower individual mass and higher stem packing. More physically restrictive soils seem to magnify the effects of exogenous disturbances limiting individual tree size. Forests in areas with longer dry seasons had lower stem densities; however, individual mass was higher in these areas. These structural components of biomass seem to counterbalance each other in generating total stand biomass. Seasonality affected forest structural components but not stand biomass. Synthesis. Forests of central-southern Amazonia are not resource limited and accumulate most part of their biomass in small- to mid-sized trees. The effects of environmental gradients on specific structural components of stand biomass differ such that strong positive effects on one component can mitigate strong negative effects on other component. Future work on the determinants of stand biomass should investigate forest structure and the contributions of individual components to stand biomass.

Population ecology of turbot and brill: what can we learn from two rare flatfish species?
Hammen, T. van der; Poos, J.J. ; Overzee, H.M.J. van; Heessen, H.J.L. ; Magnusson, A. ; Rijnsdorp, A.D. - \ 2013
Journal of Sea Research 84 (2013). - ISSN 1385-1101 - p. 96 - 108.
scophthalmus-maximus l - southern north-sea - early-life-history - evolving fish stocks - sole solea-solea - psetta-maxima - nursery grounds - west-coast - juvenile turbot - baltic sea
Turbot and brill are widely distributed in the Northeast Atlantic but occur at low abundance. They are ecologically very similar and closely related. The low abundance and the similarities make them particularly interesting to study the population dynamics because it raises the questions how the populations can sustain themselves at low abundances and how turbot and brill avoid strong interspecific competition. Knowledge of both species is hampered by lack of analysed data. The main objective of this study is therefore to increase the knowledge of turbot and brill and in particular to compare the two species in order to address the above questions. Based on biological samples collected in the North Sea, we calculated seasonal von Bertalanffy growth parameters, maturity ogives, monthly gonado-somatic indices (GSI) and condition factors (Fulton's K) and indices of inter- and intraspecific mean crowding and compared the results for turbot and brill. The main differences between the two species were found in their spawning period, with brill having a more protracted spawning period. Brill also showed an earlier peak in their GSI values, suggesting an earlier start of their spawning period. The mean crowding showed that interspecific competition was lower than intraspecific competition. The exploitation pattern was also studied. Turbot and brill are exploited as a bycatch species in the mixed demersal fishery. We found that productivity is highest in areas where the maximum temperature is close to the optimal temperature for growth (16–18 °C) and landings decrease where salinity falls below ~ 5 psu (turbot) and ~ 15 psu (brill). Recent fishing mortality rates of North Sea turbot are around 0.5–0.7, but there is no indication that recruitment is impaired at low levels of spawning stock biomass. We conclude that although both species have similar ecological characteristics, differences may reduce inter-specific competition
Metabolic Effects of n-3 PUFA as Phospholipids Are Superior to Triglycerides in Mice Fed a High-Fat Diet: Possible Role of Endocannabinoids
Rossmeisl, M. ; Jilkova, Z.M. ; Kuda, O. ; Jelenik, T. ; Medrikova, D. ; Stankova, B. ; Kristinsson, B. ; Haraldsson, G.G. ; Svensen, H. ; Stoknes, I. ; Sjövall, P. ; Magnusson, Y. ; Balvers, M.G.J. ; Verhoeckx, K.C.M. ; Tvrzicka, E. ; Bryhn, M. ; Kopecky, J. - \ 2012
PLoS ONE 7 (2012)6. - ISSN 1932-6203
krill oil supplementation - tof-sims analysis - seal blubber oil - adipose-tissue - fish-oil - eicosapentaenoic acid - insulin sensitivity - induced obesity - cb1 antagonism - serum-lipids
Background n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, namely docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease and can ameliorate many of obesity-associated disorders. We hypothesised that the latter effect will be more pronounced when DHA/EPA is supplemented as phospholipids rather than as triglycerides. Methodology/Principal Findings In a ‘prevention study’, C57BL/6J mice were fed for 9 weeks on either a corn oil-based high-fat obesogenic diet (cHF; lipids ~35% wt/wt), or cHF-based diets in which corn oil was partially replaced by DHA/EPA, admixed either as phospholipids or triglycerides from marine fish. The reversal of obesity was studied in mice subjected to the preceding cHF-feeding for 4 months. DHA/EPA administered as phospholipids prevented glucose intolerance and tended to reduce obesity better than triglycerides. Lipemia and hepatosteatosis were suppressed more in response to dietary phospholipids, in correlation with better bioavailability of DHA and EPA, and a higher DHA accumulation in the liver, white adipose tissue (WAT), and muscle phospholipids. In dietary obese mice, both DHA/EPA concentrates prevented a further weight gain, reduced plasma lipid levels to a similar extent, and tended to improve glucose tolerance. Importantly, only the phospholipid form reduced plasma insulin and adipocyte hypertrophy, while being more effective in reducing hepatic steatosis and low-grade inflammation of WAT. These beneficial effects were correlated with changes of endocannabinoid metabolome in WAT, where phospholipids reduced 2-arachidonoylglycerol, and were more effective in increasing anti-inflammatory lipids such as N-docosahexaenoylethanolamine. Conclusions/Significance Compared with triglycerides, dietary DHA/EPA administered as phospholipids are superior in preserving a healthy metabolic profile under obesogenic conditions, possibly reflecting better bioavalability and improved modulation of the endocannabinoid system activity in WAT
State of the art in benefit–risk analysis: Economics and Marketing-Finance
Kalogeras, N. ; Odekerken-Schröder, G. ; Pennings, J.M.E. ; Gunnlaugsdóttir, H. ; Holm, F. ; Leino, O. ; Luteijn, J.M. ; Magnússon, S.H. ; Pohjola, M.V. ; Tijhuis, M.J. ; Tuomisto, J.T. ; Ueland, O. ; White, B.C. ; Verhagen, H. - \ 2012
Food and Chemical Toxicology 50 (2012)1. - ISSN 0278-6915 - p. 56 - 66.
perceived risk - utility-functions - expected utility - empirical-test - product quality - consumer choice - attitudes - farmers - model - aversion
All market participants (e.g., investors, producers, consumers) accept a certain level of risk as necessary to achieve certain benefits. There are many types of risk including price, production, financial, institutional, and individual human risks. All these risks should be effectively managed in order to derive the utmost of benefits and avoid disruption and/or catastrophic economic consequences for the food industry. The identification, analysis, determination, and understanding of the benefit–risk trade-offs of market participants in the food markets may help policy makers, financial analysts and marketers to make wellinformed and effective corporate investment strategies in order to deal with highly uncertain and risky situations. In this paper, we discuss the role that benefits and risks play in the formation of the decision-making process of market-participants, who are engaged in the upstream and downstream stages of the food supply chain. In addition, we review the most common approaches (expected utility model and psychometrics) for measuring benefit–risk trade-offs in the economics and marketing-finance literature, and different factors that may affect the economic behaviour in the light of benefit–risk analyses. Building on the findings of our review, we introduce a conceptual framework to study the benefit–risk behaviour of market participants. Specifically, we suggest the decoupling of benefits and risks into the separate components of utilitarian benefits, hedonic benefits, and risk attitude and risk perception, respectively. Predicting and explaining how market participants in the food industry form their overall attitude in light of benefit–risk trade-offs may be critical for policy-makers and managers who need to understand the drivers of the economic behaviour of market participants with respect to production, marketing and consumption of food products Keywords: Benefit–risk trade-offs Decoupling Utility Economics Marketing-Finance
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