Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.0)
Nachtergaele, F.O. ; Velthuizen, H. van; Wiberg, D. ; Batjes, N.H. ; Dijkshoorn, J.A. ; Engelen, V.W.P. van; Fischer, G. ; Jones, A. ; Montanarela, L. ; Petri, M. ; Prieler, S. ; Teixeira, E. ; Shi, X. - \ 2014
soil science
METIS-ID: 167825 The Harmonized World Soil Database is a 30 arc-second raster database with over 15000 different soil mapping units that combines existing regional and national updates of soil information worldwide (SOTER, ESD, Soil Map of China, ISRIC-WISE) with the information contained within the 1:5 000 000 scale FAO-UNESCO Soil Map of the World (FAO, 1971-1981). The resulting raster database consists of ... 21600 rows and 43200 columns, which are linked to harmonized soil property data. The use of a standardized structure allows for the linkage of the attribute data with the raster map to display or query the composition in terms of soil units and the characterization of selected soil parameters (organic Carbon, pH, water storage capacity, soil depth, cation exchange capacity of the soil and the clay fraction, total exchangeable nutrients, lime and gypsum contents, sodium exchange percentage, salinity, textural class and granulometry). Reliability of the information contained in the database is variable: the parts of the database that still make use of the Soil Map of the World such as North America, Australia, West Africa and South Asia are considered less reliable, while most of the areas covered by SOTER databases are considered to have the highest reliability (Southern Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, Central and Eastern Europe). Further expansion and update of the HWSD is foreseen for the near future, notably with the excellent databases held in the USA (Natural Resources Conservation Service US General Soil Map, STATSGO), Canada (Agriculture and AgriFood Canada: The National Soil Database NSDB), and Australia (CSIRO, ACLEP, Nnatural Heritage Trust and National Land and Water Resources Audit: ASRIS), and with the recently released SOTER database for Central Africa (FAO/ISRIC/Univ. Gent, 2007)
Soil and Terrain Database for Tunisia primary data (version 1.0) - scale 1:1 million (SOTER_Tunisia)
Dijkshoorn, J.A. ; Nachtergaele, F.O. ; Huting, J.R.M. - \ 2013
geology - soil classification
The Soil and Terrain database for Tunisia primary data (version 1.0), at scale 1:1 million (SOTER_Tunisia), was compiled of enhanced soil information within the framework of the FAO's program of Land Degradation Assessment in Drylands (LADA). A SOTER database was compiled based on the digital soil map of Tunisia. The primary soil and terrain data for Tunisia has been selected from available survey reports and publications. A SRTM-DEM was used to adjust some unit boundaries in the GIS file. SOTER forms a part of the ongoing activities of ISRIC, FAO and UNEP to update the world's baseline information on natural resources.The project involved collaboration with national soil institutes from the countries in the region as well as individual experts.
Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2)
Nachtergaele, F.O. ; Velthuizen, H. van; Verelst, L. ; Wiberg, D. ; Batjes, N.H. ; Dijkshoorn, J.A. ; Engelen, V.W.P. van; Fischer, G. ; Jones, A. ; Montanarella, L. ; Petri, M. ; Prieler, S. ; Teixeira, E. ; Shi, X. - \ 2012
Laxenburg, Austria : Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, ISRIC - World Soil Information, Institute of Soil Science - Chinese Academy of Sciences, Joint Research Centre of the EC - 42
bodem - databanken - informatie - soil - databases - information
Qualitative and quantitative aspects of world and regional soil databases and maps
Nachtergaele, F.O. ; Engelen, V.W.P. van; Batjes, N.H. - \ 2011
In: Handbook of Soil Sciences: Resource management and environmental aspects (2nd ed.) Boca Raton : CRC Press (Handbook of Soil Science ) - ISBN 9781439803073 - p. 27 - 1-27-10.
Experiences in monitoring and assessment of sustainable land management
Schwilch, G. ; Bestelmeyer, B. ; Bunning, S. ; Critchley, W. ; Herrick, J. ; Kellner, K. ; Liniger, H.P. ; Nachtergaele, F. ; Ritsema, C.J. ; Schuster, B. ; Tabo, R. ; Lynden, G.W.J. van - \ 2011
Land Degradation and Development 22 (2011)2. - ISSN 1085-3278 - p. 214 - 225.
degradation - desertification - participation - system
Although sustainable land management (SLM) is widely promoted to prevent and mitigate land degradation and desertification, its monitoring and assessment (M&A) has received much less attention. This paper compiles methodological approaches which to date have been little reported in the literature. It draws lessons from these experiences and identifies common elements and future pathways as a basis for a global approach. The paper starts with local level methods where the World Overview of Conservation Approaches and Technologies (WOCAT) framework catalogues SLM case studies. This tool has been included in the local level assessment of Land Degradation Assessment in Drylands (LADA) and in the EU-DESIRE project. Complementary site-based approaches can enhance an ecological process-based understanding of SLM variation. At national and sub-national levels, a joint WOCAT/LADA/DESIRE spatial assessment based on land use systems identifies the status and trends of degradation and SLM, including causes, drivers and impacts on ecosystem services. Expert consultation is combined with scientific evidence and enhanced where necessary with secondary data and indicator databases. At the global level, the Global Environment Facility (GEF) knowledge from the land (KM:Land) initiative uses indicators to demonstrate impacts of SLM investments. Key lessons learnt include the need for a multi-scale approach, making use of common indicators and a variety of information sources, including scientific data and local knowledge through participatory methods. Methodological consistencies allow cross-scale analyses, and findings are analysed and documented for use by decision-makers at various levels. Effective M&A of SLM [e.g. for United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD)] requires a comprehensive methodological framework agreed by the major players
The Harmonized World Soil Database
Nachtergaele, F. ; Velthuizen, H. van; Verelst, L. ; Batjes, N.H. ; Dijkshoorn, K. ; Engelen, V.W.P. van; Fischer, G. ; Jones, A. ; Montanarela, L. - \ 2010
In: Proceedings of the 19th World Congress of Soil Science, Soil Solutions for a Changing World, Brisbane, Australia, 1-6 August 2010. - Brisbane, Australia : International Union of Soil Sciences - ISBN 9780646537832 - p. 34 - 37.
Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.0)
Nachtergaele, F.O. ; Velthuizen, H. van; Verelst, L. ; Batjes, N.H. ; Dijkshoorn, J.A. ; Engelen, V.W.P. van; Fischer, G. ; Jones, A. ; Montanarella, L. ; Petri, M. ; Prieler, S. ; Teixeira, E. ; Wilberg, D. ; Shi, X. - \ 2008
Rome : Food and Agric Organization of the UN (FAO); International Inst. for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA); ISRIC - World Soil Information; Inst of Soil Science-Chinese Acad of Sciences (ISS-CAS); EC-Joint Research Centre (JRC) - 37
bodem - databanken - informatie - soil - databases - information
Conserving land : protecting water
Bossio, D. ; Critchley, W. ; Geheb, K. ; Lynden, G.W.J. van; Mati, B. ; Udas, P.B. ; Hellin, J. ; Jacks, G. ; Kolff, A. ; Nachtergaele, F. ; Neely, C. ; Peden, D. ; Rubiano, J. ; Shepherd, G. ; Valentin, C. ; Walsh, M. - \ 2007
In: Water for food, Water for life : a comprehensive Assessment of Water Management in Agriculture / Molden, D., London : Earthscan - ISBN 9781844073962 - p. 551 - 583.
Soil atlas of Europe
Akça, E. ; Alba, S. de; Álvarez, A.G. ; Bialousz, S. ; Berger, B. ; Bielek, P. ; Blum, W. ; Breuning-Madsen, H. ; Buivydaite, V.V. ; Cangir, C. ; Daroussin, J. ; Dinç, U. ; Dudal, R. ; Düwel, O. ; Eckelmann, W. ; Freudenschuß, A. ; Fritz, S. ; Hartley, A. ; Hartwich, R. ; Hiederer, R. ; Hollis, J. ; Houskova, B. ; Huber, S. ; Jamagne, M. ; Jasinskas, J. ; Kapur, S. ; Karklins, A. ; Kibblewhite, M. ; King, D. ; Kolev, N. ; Kozak, J. ; Bas, C. Le; Magaldi, C. ; Marti, J.J.I. ; Micheli, E. ; Nachtergaele, F. ; Nemecek, J. ; Nyborg, Å. ; Olazabal, C. ; Presler, J. ; Reintam, L. ; Ritz, K. ; Ruiz, J.M.G. ; Spaargaren, O. ; Stolbovoi, V. ; Thompson, D. ; Akker, J.J.H. van den; Ranst, E. van; Várallyay, G. ; Wösten, H. ; Zdruli, P. - \ 2005
Luxembourg : European Soil Bureau Network - ISBN 928948120X - 128
bodemkarteringen - kaarten - europa - soil surveys - maps - europe
Soil maps of Europe, published by the EU and the European Soil Bureau Network; with varying scales 1:1.500.000 1:1.750.000 1:2.000.000 1:2.200.000 1:2.500.000 1:3.000.000 1:6.500.000
Rationale for the Key and the Qualifiers of the WRB 2006
Deckers, J. ; Spaargaren, O. ; Nachtergaele, F. ; Berding, F. ; Ahrens, R. ; Micheli, E. ; Schad, P. - \ 2005
Eurasian Soil Science 38 (2005)Suppl. 1. - ISSN 1064-2293 - p. S6 - S12.
When the first official version of the WRB was released at the 17th World Congress of Soil Science at Montpellier in 1998, the fortunate decision was taken to freeze the system for at least eight years in order to allow thorough reflection and field data collection. Since then, the WRB has been tested worldwide and has proven to be very valuable. However, a lot of time was spent discussing the necessity either to add/delete qualifiers to Reference Soil Groups, their ranking, and the ultimate rationale behind the WRB system. This paper summarizes the discussions on the Reference Groups and the qualifiers and provides a rationale for their ranking. It appears that a unified system of ranking rigorously applied to all WRB Reference Groups makes little sense. Therefore, a logical ranking system is implemented that adjusts to the very character of the different Reference Groups while respecting, as much as possible, some general principles for overall ranking.
Tropical soils in the classification systems of USDA, FAO and WRB
Deckers, J. ; Nachtergaele, F. ; Spaargaren, O. - \ 2003
In: Evolution of tropical soil science: past and future: Workshop Brussels, 6 March 2002 Brussels : Royal Academy of Overseas Sciences - ISBN 9075652291 - p. 79 - 94.
World Reference Base for Soil Resources
Deckers, J.A. ; Driessen, P.M. ; Nachtergaele, F.O. ; Spaargaren, O.C. - \ 2002
In: Encyclopedia of Soil Science New York : Marcel Dekker - ISBN 0824705181 - p. 1446 - 1451.
In 1998, the International Union of Soil Sciences (IUSS) officially adopted the world reference base for soil resources (WRB) as the Union's system for soil correlation. The structure, concepts, and definitions of the WRB are strongly influenced by the FAO-UNESCO legend of the soil map of the world (1-2). At the time of itsinception, the WRB proposed 30 "Soil Reference Groups" accommodating more than 200 ("second level") soil units. WRB (3-5) was endorsed by the IUSS in 1998 and provides an opportunity to create and refine a common and global language for soil classification. WRB aims to serve as a framework through which ongoing soil classification throughout the world can be harmonized. The ultimate objective is to reach international agreement on the major soil groups to be recognized at a global scale as well as on the criteria and methodology to be applied for defining and separating them. Such an agreement is needed to facilitate the exchange of information and experience, to provide a common scientific language, to strengthen the applications of soil science, and to enhance the communication with other disciplines and make the major soil names into household names
Soil and terrain databases and their applications with special reference to physical soil degradation and soil vulnerability to pollution in central and eastern Europe
Nachtergaele, F.O. ; Lynden, G.W.J. van; Batjes, N.H. - \ 2002
Reiskrirchen : Catena Verlag GMBH (Advances in GeoEcology 35) - ISBN 3923381484
land management - sustainability - environmental protection - soil conservation - soil management - soil degradation - grondbeheer - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - milieubescherming - bodembescherming - bodembeheer - bodemdegradatie
Anticipated developments of the world reference base for soil resources
Deckers, J. ; Driessen, P.M. ; Nachtergaele, F.O. ; Spaargaren, O.C. ; Berding, F. - \ 2002
In: Soil Classification: a global desk reference / Eswaran, H., Rice, T., Ahrens, R., Stewart, B.A., Washington : CRC Press - ISBN 0849313392 - p. 245 - 256.
Lecture notes on the major soils of the world
Driessen, P. ; Deckers, J. ; Spaargaren, O. ; Nachtergaele, F. - \ 2001
Rome : Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (World Soil Resources Report 94) - 334
bodemtaxonomie - bodemclassificatie - bodemtypen - wereld - soil taxonomy - soil classification - soil types - world
Vertisols: Genesis, Properties and Soilscape - Management for Sustainable Development
Deckers, J. ; Spaargaren, O. ; Nachtergaele, F. - \ 2001
In: The Sustainable Management of Vertisols Wallingford, U.K. : IWMI / CABI Publishing - ISBN 0851994504 - p. 3 - 20.
Pilot analysis of global ecosystems: Agroecosystems
Wood, S. ; Sebastian, K. ; Scherr, S.J. - \ 2000
Washington : WRI and IFPRI - ISBN 1569734577 - 100
ecosystemen - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - biodiversiteit - voedselproductie - koolstofcyclus - bodem - bruikbare grond - watervoorraden - agro-ecosystemen - ecosystems - sustainability - biodiversity - soil resources - water resources - food production - carbon cycle - soil - agroecosystems
A joint study by International Food Policy Research Institute and World Resources Institute with Analytical Contributions from Niels H. Batjes, ISRIC; Andrew Farrow, CIAT; Jean Marc Faurès, FAO; Günther Fischer, IIASA; Gerhard Heilig, IIASA; Julio Henao, IFDC; Robert Hijmans, CIP; Freddy Nachtergaele, FAO; Peter Oram, IFPRI; and Manuel Winograd, CIAT
New developments in soil classification World Reference Base for Soil Resources
Nachtergaele, F.O. ; Spaargaren, O. ; Deckers, J.A. ; Ahrens, B. - \ 2000
Geoderma 96 (2000)4. - ISSN 0016-7061 - p. 345 - 357.
bodemclassificatie - bodemkarteringen - cartografie - methodologie - ontwikkeling - bodemtypen - wereld - soil classification - soil surveys - mapping - methodology - development - soil types - world
It has been a matter of great concern that after hundred years of modern soil science a generally accepted system of soil classification has not yet been universally adopted [Dudal, R., 1990. Progress in IRB preparation. In: Rozanov, B.G. (Ed.), Soil Classification. Reports of the International Conference on Soil Classification, 12–16 September 1988, Alma-Ata, USSR. Centre for International Projects, USSR State Committee for Environmental Protection, Moscow. pp. 69–70]. This situation arises partly from the fact that soils constitute a continuum, which unlike easily identifiable plants and animals, needs to be placed into classes by convention. In order to remedy this the International Union of Soil Science has been working for the last 20 years with a working group RB, to develop a common language for naming the soils of the world: the World Reference Base for Soil Resources (WRB), which was endorsed by the IUSS World Congress at Montpellier in 1998. This paper reflects on the WRB, its objectives, its principles, goals as well as its implementation. Last but not least, projections are made on implications of WRB for soil inventories and small-scale land surveys.
World Reference Base for Soil Resources. Introduction
Dekkers, J.A. ; Nachtergaele, F.O. ; Spaargaren, O.C. - \ 1998
Wageningen, Rome, Leuven : International Soil Reference and Information Centre (ISRIC), Food and Agriculture Organizaton of the United Nations (FAO), Acco (Academische Coöperatief c.v.), - 165 p.
Soil Data Derived from WISE for Use in Global and Regional AEZ Studies (Version 1.0)
Batjes, N.H. ; Fischer, G. ; Nachtergaele, F.O. ; Stolbovoy, V.S. ; Velthuizen, H.T. van - \ 1997
Laxenburg : International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA interim rapport IR-97-025/May) - 27 p.
During discussions at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), the need was identified for refinement of the agro-edaphic element in the revision of FAO's "Agro-Ecological Zones" AEZ methodology carried out by IIASA and FAO and in the IIASA's "Modeling Land Use and Land Cover Change in Europe and Northern Eurasia" (LUC) project. To this avail, the 4350 soil profile descriptions held in ISRIC's World Inventory of Soil Emission Potential (WISE) database were stratified by soil unit, topsoil textural class and depth zone (0-30 cm and 30-100 cm). Upon a screening on analytical methods used and application of an outlier rejection scheme, derived statistics were generated for 30 soil chemical and physical attributes identified as being important for AEZ studies and analyses of global environmental change. Selected results for Acrisols, classified according to the 1974 version of FAO-Unesco Soil Map of the World Legend, are presented as examples in the Appendices. Special attention was paid to the assessment of Total Available Water Capacity (TAWC), an important parameter in calculation of the length of growing period. Data have been compiled for all the considered combinations of soil unit, topsoil textural class, attribute and depth zone, both for the 1974 and 1990 Legend. Simple taxotranfer rules are introduced to fill some of the gaps that remained in the derived data, notably where sufficient measured data were lacking for particular attributes. As a sequel to the current study, the taxotransfer rules should be fine-tuned and the results should be supplemented with data extracted from the FAO's CD-ROM of the "Digital Soil Map of the World and Derived Soil Properties." This combined database will be revised by a group of soil experts. The recommended level-of-detail for presenting the various results should also be determined at that stage. This follow-up activity is necessary to arrive at a mutually agreed upon set of derived soil properties for land evaluation and environmental studies at the continental and global level, for subsequent release as a unified product to the global modeling community.
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