Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Structure and function of the global topsoil microbiome
Bahram, Mohammad ; Hildebrand, Falk ; Forslund, Sofia K. ; Anderson, Jennifer L. ; Soudzilovskaia, Nadejda A. ; Bodegom, Peter M. ; Bengtsson-Palme, Johan ; Anslan, Sten ; Coelho, Luis Pedro ; Harend, Helery ; Huerta-Cepas, Jaime ; Medema, Marnix H. ; Maltz, Mia R. ; Mundra, Sunil ; Olsson, Pål Axel ; Pent, Mari ; Põlme, Sergei ; Sunagawa, Shinichi ; Ryberg, Martin ; Tedersoo, Leho ; Bork, Peer - \ 2018
Nature 560 (2018)7717. - ISSN 0028-0836 - p. 233 - 237.

Soils harbour some of the most diverse microbiomes on Earth and are essential for both nutrient cycling and carbon storage. To understand soil functioning, it is necessary to model the global distribution patterns and functional gene repertoires of soil microorganisms, as well as the biotic and environmental associations between the diversity and structure of both bacterial and fungal soil communities1–4. Here we show, by leveraging metagenomics and metabarcoding of global topsoil samples (189 sites, 7,560 subsamples), that bacterial, but not fungal, genetic diversity is highest in temperate habitats and that microbial gene composition varies more strongly with environmental variables than with geographic distance. We demonstrate that fungi and bacteria show global niche differentiation that is associated with contrasting diversity responses to precipitation and soil pH. Furthermore, we provide evidence for strong bacterial–fungal antagonism, inferred from antibiotic-resistance genes, in topsoil and ocean habitats, indicating the substantial role of biotic interactions in shaping microbial communities. Our results suggest that both competition and environmental filtering affect the abundance, composition and encoded gene functions of bacterial and fungal communities, indicating that the relative contributions of these microorganisms to global nutrient cycling varies spatially.

Ten essentials for action-oriented and second order energy transitions, transformations and climate change research
Fazey, Ioan ; Schäpke, Niko ; Caniglia, Guido ; Patterson, James ; Hultman, Johan ; Mierlo, Barbara Van; Säwe, Filippa ; Wiek, Arnim ; Wittmayer, Julia ; Aldunce, Paulina ; Waer, Husam Al; Battacharya, Nandini ; Bradbury, Hilary ; Carmen, Esther ; Colvin, John ; Cvitanovic, Christopher ; D’Souza, Marcella ; Gopel, Maja ; Goldstein, Bruce ; Hämäläinen, Timo ; Harper, Gavin ; Henfry, Tom ; Hodgson, Anthony ; Howden, Mark S. ; Kerr, Andy ; Klaes, Matthias ; Lyon, Christopher ; Midgley, Gerald ; Moser, Susanne ; Mukherjee, Nandan ; Müller, Karl ; O’brien, Karen ; O’Connell, Deborah A. ; Olsson, Per ; Page, Glenn ; Reed, Mark S. ; Searle, Beverley ; Silvestri, Giorgia ; Spaiser, Viktoria ; Strasser, Tim ; Tschakert, Petra ; Uribe-Calvo, Natalia ; Waddell, Steve ; Rao-Williams, Jennifer ; Wise, Russel ; Wolstenholme, Ruth ; Woods, Mel ; Wyborn, Carina - \ 2018
Energy Research & Social Science 40 (2018). - ISSN 2214-6296 - p. 54 - 70.
The most critical question for climate research is no longer about the problem, but about how to facilitate the transformative changes necessary to avoid catastrophic climate-induced change. Addressing this question, however, will require massive upscaling of research that can rapidly enhance learning about transformations. Ten essentials for guiding action-oriented transformation and energy research are therefore presented, framed in relation to second-order science. They include: (1) Focus on transformations to low-carbon, resilient living; (2) Focus on solution processes; (3) Focus on ‘how to’ practical knowledge; (4) Approach research as occurring from within the system being intervened; (5) Work with normative aspects; (6) Seek to transcend current thinking; (7) Take a multi-faceted approach to understand and shape change; (8) Acknowledge the value of alternative roles of researchers; (9) Encourage second-order experimentation; and (10) Be reflexive. Joint application of the essentials would create highly adaptive, reflexive, collaborative and impact-oriented research able to enhance capacity to respond to the climate challenge. At present, however, the practice of such approaches is limited and constrained by dominance of other approaches. For wider transformations to low carbon living and energy systems to occur, transformations will therefore also be needed in the way in which knowledge is produced and used.
Conceptual description of an integrated biomass logistics centre (IBLC)
Annevelink, Bert ; Gogh, Bart Van; Nogués, Fernando Sebastián ; Espatolero, Sergio ; La Cruz, Teresa De; Luzzini, Davide ; Karampinis, Manolis ; Kougioumtzis, Michalis ; Olsson, Johanna - \ 2017
European Biomass Conference and Exhibition Proceedings 2017 (2017)25thEUBCE. - ISSN 2282-5819 - p. 200 - 203.
Biobased economy - Integration - Logistics - Supply chain
The main goal of the AGROinLOG project is the demonstration of Integrated Biomass Logistic Centres (IBLCs) for food and non-food products, evaluating their technical, environmental and economic feasibility. Applying IBLCs in existing agro-industries can have a positive impact on the final product price, giving a clear competitive strength to these agro-industries in comparison with a new biomass supply business that is built from scratch. The main challenges are being able to integrate logistics, harvesting and equipment in food and non-food applications, and ensuring the marketability of the final bio-commodities. The first task of the AGROinLOG project was to provide a conceptual description of the features and characteristics of an IBLC. With this IBLC description the researchers intend to provide a theoretical framework that builds further on results from previous projects (such as SUCELLOGucellog), describing the current thoughts on Agro-Industry Logistics Centres (ALCs).
Characterizing the Development and Usage of Diagrams in Embedded Software Systems
Akdur, Deniz ; Demirörs, Onur ; Garousi, V. - \ 2017
In: Proceedings of Euromicro Conference on Software Engineering and Advanced Applications (SEAA). - IEEE Xplore - ISBN 9781538621400 - p. 167 - 175.
To cope with growing complexity of embedded software, modeling has become popular. The usage of models in embedded software industry and the relevant practices usually vary since the purposes of diagram development and usage differ. Since a large variety of software modeling practices used in embedded software industry, it is important to understand its state-of-the-practice and its usage degree while investigating the relations between its attributes (e.g., modeling rigor, purpose, code correspondence, stakeholder, medium used while modeling, etc). To achieve this, we have designed and conducted a survey in our earlier work. In this paper, we present a conceptual model of development and usage for software modeling that is based on the findings of this survey and incorporates expert opinions. The conceptual model, which characterizes the attributes of a diagram development and usage, will help to express the meaning of terms used by domain experts to discuss the problems and find the relationships between these attributes.
Role of moral values in the trade-off between animal welfare and food safety risks in broiler husbandry
Asselt, Mariska van; Ekkel, E.D. ; Kemp, B. ; Stassen, E.N. - \ 2016
In: Food futures. - Wageningen : Wageningen Academic Publishers - ISBN 9789086862887 - p. 273 - 278.
moral convictions - Campylobacter - public health risks - broiler production - moral dilemma - survey
To cope with societal concerns regarding animals kept in intensive systems, alternative broiler husbandry systems that comply with above-legal animal welfare standards, such as the free-range barn system have been introduced. However, broilers in free-range barn systems show higher Campylobacter contaminations than broilers in conventional systems, which might entail a higher risk of Campylobacter infections in consumers. This causes a dilemma between animal welfare and food safety. To make a trade-off, moral values concerning humans and broilers must be weighed. Moral values are deeply rooted and shared in society, but in a specific case they depend on the context and are weighed against each other. To get insight into the role of moral values in the dilemma between broiler welfare and food safety, citizens (n=2,259) and poultry farmers (n=100) were surveyed. First, participants were questioned about 13 moral values regarding chickens and consumers. Next, they were presented a case concerning a broiler farmer who would like to change from a conventional husbandry system to a free-range barn system that complies above-legal welfare standards, but which entails higher Campylobacter contamination of broilers. Respondents were asked whether they agreed with the change from the conventional husbandry systems to the free-range barn system. Additionally, respondents scored the importance of arguments based on moral values and relevance for the case. Citizens and farmers scored equally only the statements regarding chickens being sentient and human health. Both citizens and farmers who agreed with the change of the husbandry system considered the arguments concerning broiler welfare more important than respondents who did not agree with the change of system. This study provides input for deliberation on broiler husbandry especially on the dilemma between broiler welfare and food safety. With the information form this study a broad moral deliberation could be set up between the different stakeholders to define characteristics of future husbandry systems that can count on support from both the poultry sector and citizens.
The lesser of two evils? The killing of day-old male chicks in the Dutch egg sector
Gremmen, H.G.J. ; Blok, V. - \ 2016
In: Food Futures / Olsson, I.A.S., Araújo, S.F., Vieira, M.F., Wageningen : Wageningen Academic - ISBN 9789086862887 - p. 72 - 75.
The practice of killing day-old chicks in the Dutch egg sector is a recurrent subject of societal debate. Preventing the killing of young animals and in ovo sex determination are the two main alternatives for this problem available. An online questionnaire was held to ask the opinion of the Dutch public about these alternatives. The results show that no alternative will be fully accepted, or accepted by more than half of Dutch society. However, the survey does provide an insight to what people think is important for their choice: food safety and a good treatment of animals. Irrespective of the alternative chosen, these values should be safeguarded and communicated clearly.
Report on Economic Models Calibrated to Case-Study Landscapes
Brady, M. ; Sahlin, Ullrika ; Clough, Y. ; Bailey, A. ; Cong, R.G. ; Elek, Zoltan ; Hedlund, K. ; Koellner, T. ; Marini, L. ; Olsson, O. ; Poppenborg, Patrick ; Redlich, Sarah ; Switek, Stanislaw ; Takacs, Viki ; Gils, S.H. van; Smith, H.G. - \ 2016
FP7 Project Liberation
Health and quality of life in an aging population - Food and beyond
Giacalone, Davide ; Wendin, Karin ; Kremer, Stefanie ; Frøst, Michael Bom ; Bredie, Wender L.P. ; Olsson, Viktoria ; Otto, Marie H. ; Skjoldborg, Signe ; Lindberg, Ulla ; Risvik, Einar - \ 2016
Food Quality and Preference 47 (2016). - ISSN 0950-3293 - p. 166 - 170.
Elderly nutrition - Healthy aging - Older consumers - Sarcopenia - Sensory and consumer science - Societal changes

In Europe the percentage of citizens aged 65 and over is increasing at an unprecedented rate, and is expected to account for over 30% of the population by 2050. Coupled with an increase in life expectancy, this massive demographic change calls for a major effort to ensure quality of life in our older population. A thorough understanding of the elderly as food consumers, their nutritional needs, their food perception and preferences is increasingly needed. The role of food in healthy aging was a prominent theme at the 6th European Conference on Sensory and Consumer Research, which had quality of life across the life span as a focal point. This short paper is based on a workshop held at the EuroSense meeting, focusing on research from sensory and consumer scientists. The workshop featured contributions focusing on food-related perception, needs and behavior of the elderly, and aimed at demonstrating the relevance of sensory and consumer scientists in promoting food-related well-being in an aging population. The workshop contributions are here reviewed and summarized three main themes: nutritional needs, food perception and aging, and behavioral drivers of food consumption.

A longer, closer, look at land degradation
Bai, Z.G. ; Dent, D.L. ; Olsson, L. ; Tengberg, A. ; Tucker, C. ; Yengoh, G. - \ 2015
Agriculture for Development 24 (2015)Special Issue on Soils. - ISSN 1759-0604 - p. 3 - 9.
Arresting land degradation, not to mention remediation, requires long-term investment. Budgetary constraints mean that we have to prioritise, so decision makers need know exactly where and how severe is the degradation, and they need early warning to act in good time. The first global assessment using actual measurements was based on 23 years of Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) Normalised Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) data at 8km resolution. Its aim was to identify black spots that should be investigated in the field – but hardly anybody did. The dataset now extends to 33 years, revealing both long-term trends and many reversals of trend. The areas hardest hit are sub-equatorial Africa, with outliers in the Ethiopian highlands and the Sahel; the Gran Chaco, Pampas and Patagonia; southeast Asia; the steppes from Moldova eastwards into Central Asia; the Russian far east and northeast China; and swaths of high-latitude forest. Since 2000, it has been possible to seamlessly scale up the coarse-resolution picture to 250m resolution using data from the Moderate- Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) and to 30m resolution with Landsat. Now, thanks to commercial satellite data, we can zoom in, anywhere in the world, with 5m-resolution.
River flow regime and snow cover of the Pamir Alay (Central Asia) in a changing climate
Chevallier, P. ; Pouyaud, B. ; Mojaisky, M. ; Bolgov, M. ; Olsson, O. ; Bauer, M. ; Froebrich, J. - \ 2014
Hydrological Sciences Journal 59 (2014)8. - ISSN 0262-6667 - p. 1491 - 1506.
remote-sensing data - northern tien-shan - hydrological regime - water availability - glacier retreat - historical data - stereo imagery - aster imagery - mass balances - runoff
The Vakhsh and Pyandj rivers, main tributaries of the Amu Darya River in the mountainous region of the Pamir Alay, play an important role in the water resources of the Aral Sea basin (Central Asia). In this region, the glaciers and snow cover significantly influence the water cycle and flow regime, which could be strongly modified by climate change. The present study, part of a project funded by the European Commission, analyses the hydrological situation in six benchmark basins covering areas of between 1800 and 8400km(2), essentially located in Tajikistan, with a variety of topographical situations, precipitation amounts and glacierized areas. Four types of parameter are discussed: temperature, glaciation, snow cover and river flows. The study is based mainly on a long-time series that ended in the 1990s (with the collapse of the Soviet Union) and on field observations and data collection. In addition, a short, more recent period (May 2000 to May 2002) was examined to better understand the role of snow cover, using scarce monitored data and satellite information. The results confirm the overall homogeneous trend of temperature increase in the mountain range and its impacts on the surface water regime. Concerning the snow cover, significant differences are noted in the location, elevation, orientation and morphology of snow cover in the respective basins. The changes in the river flow regime are regulated by the combination of the snow cover dynamics and the increasing trend of the air temperature.
Innovative approaches to improve sustainability of physical distribution in the Dutch agro-food industry
Pieters, R. ; Bogers, E. ; Glöckner, H.H. ; Omta, S.W.F. ; Weijers, S. - \ 2014
Since the publication of the Brundlandt report (1987), organizations have put sustainability at the top of their agendas (Szekely & Knirsch, 2005). Nowadays sustainability is incorporated into the strategy of almost all organizations (De Ron, 2001; McDonough & Braungart, 2002). The agro-food sector has a long history of sustainable awareness on the use of land, water, pesticides, fertilizers and energy (Leaver, 2011; Leach et al., 2012). Most literature on transportation of agro business products concentrates on food security (Henson & Caswell, 1999; Maloni & Brown, 2006; Godfray et al., 2010). Few studies have addressed the role of sustainability when transporting agro-food product. But how do logistics service providers, shippers and private carriers in the agro-food industry translate strategic policies into tangible innovative sustainable physical distribution? This paper focuses on sustainability in physical distribution of agro-food products and the role logistics service providers, shippers and private carriers play in this process. Do they approach sustainability as an integrated and repeatable phenomenon or is it seen as a singular action concerning individual situations? And what are the new, innovative ideas concerning making physical distribution more sustainable which are generated by this process? The purpose of this study is to help increase our understanding on how the relationship between shipper, private carrier and logistics service provider in the food industry relates to improving sustainability. If properly understood, it will aid us in making physical distribution in the food industry more sustainable. We want to answer the following questions: 1. What innovative actions have Dutch logistics service providers, shippers and private carriers in the agro-food industry undertaken to make physical distribution more sustainable? 2. What can be learned from the experience of best cases on making physical distribution in the Dutch agro-food industry more sustainable? The conceptual framework for our research is based on the same heuristic model used in the 1994 NEA/Cranfield study. Weijers, Kuipers and Becker (2002) adapted this framework for research in industry driven innovations for logistics service providers. We have adapted their model to trace the elements in sustainable physical distribution trends. Figure 1 Conceptual Framework For this we have interviewed seven logistics service providers, two private carriers and four producers of agro-food items. We have asked them how they approach and improve sustainability within physical distribution. Which strategies they have developed for sustainability. What kind of actions do they undertake on the field of sustainability and if so, what kind of innovative ways they have introduced to make physical distribution of food items more sustainable. We found that most of these innovations were related to bilateral relationships between one shipper with one logistics service provider. Learning from experiences obtained by colleagues and competitors was not an issue. A pity, as we believe that sharing of experience will help the sector to improve sustainability within the physical distribution of food items. We will give examples where an innovation in shipping agro-food products created not only a positive effect on the sustainability in the physical distribution, but also created an unforeseen positive impact on other aspects in the value chain. Finally we will show the results of an in-depth research (Yin, 2009) into an interesting project in the Netherlands where various shippers of food items share transportation capacity with each other even if they are competitors for the same agro-food market. This sharing has increased the loading capacity and reduced cost drastically. References De Ron, A. 2001 Duurzaam ondernemen: een inleiding. Deventer, The Netherlands: Kluwer. Godfray, H. C. J., Beddington, J. R., Crute, I. R., Haddad, L., Lawrence, D., Muir, J. F., ... & Toulmin, C. (2010). Food security: the challenge of feeding 9 billion people. Science, 327(5967), 812-818. Henson, S., & Caswell, J. (1999). Food safety regulation: an overview of contemporary issues. Food policy, 24(6), 589-603. Leach, M., J. Rockström, P. Raskin, I. Scoones, A. C. Stirling, A. Smith, J. Thompson, E. Millstone, A. Ely, E. Arond, C. Folke, & P. Olsson. (2012) Transforming innovation for sustainability. Ecology and Society 17(2): 11. Leaver, J. D. (2011). Global food supply: a challenge for sustainable agriculture. Nutrition Bulletin, 36(4), 416-421. doi:10.1111/j.1467-3010.2011.01925.x Maloni, M. J., & M. E Brown. 2006. Corporate Social Responsibility in the Supply Chain: An Application in the Food Industry. Journal of Business Ethics 68 (1): 35-52. McDonough, W., & M. Braungart. 2002. Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way we Make Things. New York, N.Y.: North Point Press. NEA/Cranfield. 1994. Future Logistics Structures, the development of integrated supply chain management across 6 industry sectors. Tilburg, The Netherlands: NEA/Cranfield. Szekely, F., & M. Knirsch. 2005. Responsible Leadership and Corporate Social Responsibility: Metrics for Sustainable Performance. European Management Journal 23 (6): 628-647. Tobler, C. , V.H. Visschers, M. Siegrist, (2011), Eating green. Consumers’ willingness to adopt ecological food consumption behaviors. Appetite, 57 pp. 674–682 Vollenbroek, F. A. 2002. Sustainable development and the challenge of innovation. Journal of Cleaner Production 10 (3): 215–223. Weijers, S., B. Kuipers, & J. Beckers. 2002. Industry driven innovation for logistics service providers. Actes des Quatrièmes Rencontres Internacionales de la Recherche en Logistique (accessed February 20 ,2012). World Commission on Environment and Development. 1987. Our common future : the report of the World Commission on Environment and Development. New York, N.Y. : Oxford University Press. Yin R. K. 2009. Case Study Research: Design and Methods. 4th Edition. Thousands Oals, CA: SAGE
The Workshop on Animal Botulism in Europe
Skarin, H. ; Tevell Aberg, A. ; Woudstra, C. ; Hansen, T. ; Löfström, Ch. ; Koene, M.G.J. ; Bano, L. ; Hedeland, M. ; Anniballi, F. ; Medici, D. De; Olsson Engvall, E. - \ 2013
Biosecurity and Bioterrorism: biodefense strategy, practice and science 11 (2013)S1. - ISSN 1538-7135 - p. S183 - S190.
clostridium-botulinum - endopep-ms - neurotoxins - cattle - mouse
A workshop on animal botulism was held in Uppsala, Sweden, in June 2012. Its purpose was to explore the current status of the disease in Europe by gathering the European experts in animal botulism and to raise awareness of the disease among veterinarians and others involved in biopreparedness. Animal botulism is underreported and underdiagnosed, but an increasing number of reports, as well as the information gathered from this workshop, show that it is an emerging problem in Europe. The workshop was divided into 4 sessions: animal botulism in Europe, the bacteria behind the disease, detection and diagnostics, and European collaboration and surveillance. An electronic survey was conducted before the workshop to identify the 3 most needed discussion points, which were: prevention, preparedness and outbreak response; detection and diagnostics; and European collaboration and surveillance. The main conclusions drawn from these discussions were that there is an urgent need to replace the mouse bioassay for botulinum toxin detection with an in vitro test and that there is a need for a European network to function as a reference laboratory, which could also organize a European supply of botulinum antitoxin and vaccines. The foundation of such a network was discussed, and the proposals are presented here along with the outcome of discussions and a summary of the workshop itself.
Harmonization of European Laboratory Response networks by implementing CWA 15793: Use of a gap analysis and an "insider" exercise as tools
Sundqvist, B. ; Allard Bengtsson, U. ; Wisselink, H.J. ; Peeters, B.P.H. ; Rotterdam, B. van; Kampert, E. ; Bereczky, S. ; Olsson, N.G.J. ; Szekely Björndal, A. ; Zini, S. ; Allix, S. ; Knutsson, R. - \ 2013
Biosecurity and Bioterrorism: biodefense strategy, practice and science 11 (2013)S1. - ISSN 1538-7135 - p. S36 - S44.
Laboratory response networks (LRNs) have been established for security reasons in several countries including the Netherlands, France, and Sweden. LRNs function in these countries as a preparedness measure for a coordinated diagnostic response capability in case of a bioterrorism incident or other biocrimes. Generally, these LRNs are organized on a national level. The EU project AniBioThreat has identified the need for an integrated European LRN to strengthen preparedness against animal bioterrorism. One task of the AniBioThreat project is to suggest a plan to implement laboratory biorisk management CWA 15793:2011 (CWA 15793), a management system built on the principle of continual improvement through the Plan-Do-Check-Act (PDCA) cycle. The implementation of CWA 15793 can facilitate trust and credibility in a future European LRN and is an assurance that the work done at the laboratories is performed in a structured way with continuous improvements. As a first step, a gap analysis was performed to establish the current compliance status of biosafety and laboratory biosecurity management with CWA 15793 in 5 AniBioThreat partner institutes in France (ANSES), the Netherlands (CVI and RIVM), and Sweden (SMI and SVA). All 5 partners are national and/or international laboratory reference institutes in the field of public or animal health and possess highcontainment laboratories and animal facilities. The gap analysis showed that the participating institutes already have robust biorisk management programs in place, but several gaps were identified that need to be addressed. Despite differences between the participating institutes in their compliance status, these variations are not significant. Biorisk management exercises also have been identified as a useful tool to control compliance status and thereby implementation of CWA 15793. An exercise concerning an insider threat and loss of a biological agent was performed at SVA in the AniBioThreat project to evaluate implementation of the contingency plans and as an activity in the implementation process of CWA 15793. The outcome of the exercise was perceived as very useful, and improvements to enhance biorisk preparedness were identified. Gap analyses and exercises are important, useful activities to facilitate implementation of CWA 15793. The PDCA cycle will enforce a structured way to work, with continual improvements concerning biorisk management activities. Based on the activities in the AniBioThreat project, the following requirements are uggested to promote implementation: support from the top management of the organizations, knowledge about CWA 15793, a compliance audit checklist and gap analysis, training and exercises, networking in LRNs and other networks, and interinstitutional audits. Implementation of CWA 15793 at each institute would strengthen the European animal bioterrorism response capabilities by establishing a well-prepared LRN.
Rondetafel gesprek Artsen Zonder Grenzen
Hilhorst, Thea - \ 2012
We have the tools to bridge the gap between knowing and doing!
Karlsson-Vinkhuyzen, Sylvia - \ 2012
Waardengericht leiderschap
Horlings, Lummina - \ 2012
Detection of Clostridium botulinum types C, D, and mosaic types C-D and D-C using GeneDisc real-time PCR array: Development and evaluation through 8 European labatories
Woudstra, C. ; Fach, P. ; Lindberg, A. ; Farsang, A. ; Rotterdam, B. van; Segerman, B. ; Auricchio, B. ; Löfström, Ch. ; Olsson Engvall, E. ; Anniballi, F. ; Koene, M.G.J. - \ 2012
Transforming governance and institutions for global sustainability: key insights from the Earth System Governance Project
Biermann, F. ; Abbott, K. ; Andresen, S. ; Bäckstrand, K. ; Bernstein, S. ; Betsill, M.M. ; Bulkeley, H. ; Cashore, B. ; Clapp, J. ; Folke, C. ; Gupta, A. ; Gupta, J. ; Haas, P.M. ; Jordan, A. ; Kanie, N. ; Kluvánková-Oravská, T. ; Lebel, L. ; Liverman, D. ; Meadowcroft, J. ; Mitchell, R.B. ; Newell, P. ; Oberthür, S. ; Olsson, L. ; Pattberg, P. ; Sánchez-Rodriguez, R. ; Schroeder, H. ; Underdal, A. ; Camargo Vieira, S. ; Vogel, C. ; Young, O.R. ; Brock, A. ; Zondervan, R. - \ 2012
Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 4 (2012)1. - ISSN 1877-3435 - p. 51 - 60.
social-ecological systems - environmental governance - climate-change - information disclosure - adaptive governance - regime complex - world - decentralization - accountability - transparency
The current institutional framework for sustainable development is by far not strong enough to bring about the swift transformative progress that is needed. This article contends that incrementalism—the main approach since the 1972 Stockholm Conference—will not suffice to bring about societal change at the level and speed needed to mitigate and adapt to earth system transformation. Instead, the article argues that transformative structural change in global governance is needed, and that the 2012 United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development in Rio de Janeiro must turn into a major stepping stone for a much stronger institutional framework for sustainable development. The article details core areas where urgent action is required. The article is based on an extensive social science assessment conducted by 32 members of the lead faculty, scientific steering committee, and other affiliates of the Earth System Governance Project. This Project is a ten-year research initiative under the auspices of the International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change (IHDP), which is sponsored by the International Council for Science (ICSU), the International Social Science Council (ISSC), and the United Nations University (UNU)
Navigating the Anthropocene: Improving Earth System Governance
Biermann, F. ; Abbott, K. ; Andresen, S. ; Bäckstrand, K. ; Bernstein, S. ; Betsill, M.M. ; Bulkeley, H. ; Cashore, B. ; Clapp, J. ; Folke, C. ; Gupta, A. ; Gupta, J. ; Haas, P.M. ; Jordan, A. ; Kanie, N. ; Kluvánková-Oravská, T. ; Lebel, L. ; Liverman, D. ; Meadowcroft, J. ; Mitchell, R.B. ; Newell, P. ; Oberthür, S. ; Olsson, L. ; Pattberg, P. ; Sánchez-Rodriguez, R. ; Schroeder, H. ; Underdal, A. ; Camargo Vieira, S. ; Vogel, C. ; Young, O.R. ; Brock, A. ; Zondervan, R. - \ 2012
Science 335 (2012)6074. - ISSN 0036-8075 - p. 1306 - 1307.
Science assessments indicate that human activities are moving several of Earth's sub-systems outside the range of natural variability typical for the previous 500,000 years (1, 2). Human societies must now change course and steer away from critical tipping points in the Earth system that might lead to rapid and irreversible change (3). This requires fundamental reorientation and restructuring of national and international institutions toward more effective Earth system governance and planetary stewardship
The Nordic Model: is it sustainable and exportable?
Midttun, A. ; Witoszek, N. ; Joly, C. ; Karlsson-Vinkhuyzen, S.I.S.E. ; Olsen, P.I. ; Olsson, L. ; Sigurjonssón, P.O. ; Toje, A. ; Trägardh, L. ; Østergård, U. - \ 2011
Oslo : Norwegian School of Management and University of Oslo - 28 p.
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