Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

    We have a manual that explains all the features 

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ToSIA-A tool for sustainability impact assessment of forest-wood-chains
Lindner, M. ; Suominen, T. ; Palosuo, T. ; Garcia-Gonzalo, J. ; Verweij, P.J.F.M. ; Zudin, S. ; Päivinen, R. - \ 2010
Ecological Modelling 221 (2010)18. - ISSN 0304-3800 - p. 2197 - 2205.
life-cycle assessment - management - indicators - operations - framework
Within the forest sector, the sustainability concept has evolved from a narrow focus on sustainable wood production to a much broader evaluation of environmental, social, and economic sustainability for whole value chains. A new software tool – ToSIA – has been developed for assessing sustainability impacts of Forest-Wood-Chains (FWCs). In the approach, FWCs are defined as chains of production processes (e.g. harvesting–transport–industrial processing), which are linked with products (e.g. a timber frame house). Sustainability is determined by analysing environmental, economic, and social sustainability indicators for all the production processes along the FWC. The tool calculates sustainability values as products of the relative indicator values (i.e. indicator value expressed per unit of material flow) multiplied with the material flow entering the process. Calculated sustainability values are then aggregated for the segments of the FWC or for the complete chain. The sustainability impact assessment requires carefully specified system boundaries. ToSIA uses a data-oriented approach that is very flexible in the focus of the analysis and the selection of indicators of sustainability. An example of alternative Norway spruce management systems in Southern Germany and their effects on six sustainability indicators is presented. The less intensive management system with natural regeneration and motor–manual harvesting shows higher carbon storage and slightly less energy use. It creates more employment and higher labour costs, but the average rate of accidents is also higher. ToSIA offers a transparent and consistent methodological framework to assess sustainability impacts in the forest-based sector as affected, e.g. by changes in policies, market conditions, or technology. The paper discusses strengths and limitations of the approach and provides an outlook on further development perspectives of the methodology.
Model documentation for the European Forest Information Scenario model (EFISCEN 3.1.3)
Schelhaas, M.J. ; Eggers, J. ; Lindner, M. ; Nabuurs, G.J. ; Pussinen, A. ; Paivinen, R. ; Schuck, A. ; Verkerk, P.J. ; Werf, D.C. van der; Zudin, S. - \ 2007
Wageningen : Alterra (EFI technical report 26) - 118
bossen - modellen - bosbedrijfsvoering - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - klimaatverandering - forests - models - forest management - sustainability - climatic change
EFISCEN is a forest resource projection model, used to gain insight into the future development of European forests. It has been used widely to study issues such as sustainable management regimes, wood production possibilities, nature oriented management, climate change impacts, natural disturbances and carbon balance issues. This report describes the history of EFISCEN and the current state of the model, version 3.1.3. It contains a user guide as well as a description of past validations and an uncertainty analysis
Development of European forests until 2050; a projection of forest resources and forest management in thirty countries
Nabuurs, G.J. ; Päivinen, R. ; Pussinen, A. ; Schelhaas, M.J. - \ 2003
Leiden [etc.] : Brill (European Forest Institute research report 15) - ISBN 9004131485 - 242
bossen - bosbedrijfsvoering - bosbestanden - europa - forests - forest management - forest resources - europe
Alternatives for Bulgarian forests
Päivinen, R. ; Nabuurs, G.J. - \ 2001
Silva Balcanica (2001)1. - p. 5 - 17.
bosbeheer - bosbouw - scenariostudie - simulatiemodel - Europa - Bulgarije
The European Forest Information Scenario Model (EFISCEN) is an area-based forest matrix model, which is especially suitable for projections of forest resources of large areas under assumptions of total national felling. EFISCEN uses time steps of five years and national forest inventory data. The inventory data are presented by forest types, which are defined by country, region, owner, site class, and tree species. Each forest type contains data on area, volume and net annual increment by age classes. The state of forest is depicted as an area distribution over age and volume classes in volume-age matrixes. The projections carried out with EFISCEN provide insight in increment, growing stock, age class distribution, actual felling per tree species and region. The model has been used to make projections of development for 30 countries individually under three different scenarios on management regimes. The scenarios vary from continuing the present felling levels in the countries to maximum sustainable production level. The simulations showed that growing stock development and increment development differed very much for each country separately per scenario. In this article, the consequences of each scenario are for wood production, biodiversity, and environmental functions of the forest in Bulgaria, with reference to some other countries in the Balkan region, which are addressed.
Sustainable management regimes for Europe's forests - a projection with EFISCEN until 2050
Nabuurs, G.J. ; Päivinen, R. ; Schanz, H. - \ 2001
Forest Policy and Economics 3 (2001). - ISSN 1389-9341 - p. 155 - 173.
Nature-Oriented Forest Management in Europe
Nabuurs, G.J. ; Paivinen, R. ; Schelhaas, M.J. ; Pussinen, A. ; Verkaik, E. ; Lioubimow, A. ; Mohren, G.M.J. - \ 2001
Journal of forestry 99 (2001)7. - ISSN 0022-1201 - p. 28 - 33.
The focus of forest management in the United States is shifting from a wood-production orientation to one of ecosystem management, and this change is debated vigorously. Likewise, in Europe's intensively managed forests, where wood production once dominated the goals of forest management, nature conservation values are also becoming more important. The changes in management required to achieve both conservation and production goals will have significant implications for the long-term development of the forest. This article describes an instrument, EFISCEN, which can be used to gain insight into the effects of these changing management practices on European forests.
Forest scenario studies for Euopean forests
Nabuurs, G. ; Päivinen, R. - \ 2000
In: Seventh symposium on systems analysis in forest resources; Traverse City, Michigan, USA, May 28-31, 1997. St. Paul MI (USA), North Central Res. Station etc., 2000 - p. 465 - 470.
Endlose Forstressourcen in Europa! Oder vielleicht doch nicht?
Pussinen, A. ; Nabuurs, G.J. ; Schelhaas, M.J. ; Päivinen, R. - \ 2000
AFZ, Der Wald 55 (2000)11. - ISSN 0936-1294 - p. 568 - 570.
Carbon removals by European forests
Paivinen, R. ; Karjalainen, T. ; Liski, J. ; Pussinen, A. ; Nabuurs, G.J. - \ 1999
Unknown Publisher - 33 p.
The state, utilisation and possible future developments of Leningrad region forests
Päivinen, R. ; Nabuurs, G.J. ; Lioubimow, A.V. ; Kuusela, K. - \ 1999
Unknown Publisher - 59 p.
Hoe zie het Europese bos er in 2050 uit?; lange termijn gevolgen van natuurgericht bosbeheer
Nabuurs, G.J. ; Päivinen, R. ; Schelhaas, M.J. ; Verkaik, E. ; Mohren, F. - \ 1999
In: Proceedings of the first NRP-II symposium on climate change research; Garderen, the Netherlands, 29-30 October 1998. Bilthoven, RIVM / Programme Office NRP, 1999. Report 410200033 / Kok, M.J.T., Verweij, W., - p. 387 - 387.
Hoe ziet het Europese bos er in 2050 uit?; langetermijngevolgen van natuurgericht bosbeheer
Nabuurs, G.J. ; Päivinen, R. ; Schelhaas, M.J. ; Mohren, G.M.J. - \ 1998
Nederlands Bosbouwtijdschrift 70 (1998)5. - ISSN 0028-2057 - p. 221 - 225.
bosbedrijfsvoering - bosbeleid - natuurbescherming - voorspellen - europa - forest management - forest policy - nature conservation - forecasting - europe
Forestry scenario studies for European forests
Nabuurs, G.J. ; Päivinen, R. - \ 1998
In: Forest scenario modelling for ecosystem management at landscape level: proceedings of the international seminar and summer school, Wageningen, The Netherlands, 26 June - 3 July 1997. EFI proceedings 19 / Nabuurs, G.J., Nuutinen, T., Bartelink, H.H., Korhonen, M., - p. 343 - 350.
Forest resource scenario methodologies for Europe
Nabuurs, G.J. ; Pajuoja, H. ; Kuusela, K. ; Päivinen, R. - \ 1998
Unknown Publisher - 30 p.
Leningrad region forests, past and future development
Lioubimow, A.V. ; Kudriashov, M.M. ; Nabuurs, G.J. ; Paivinen, R. ; Tetioukhine, S. ; Kuusela, K. - \ 1998
St. Petersburg : St. Petersburg Forest Technical Academy - 84 p.
Putting diversity indices into practice: some considerations for forest management in the Netherlands.
Heuserr, M.J.J. - \ 1998
In: Assessment of biodiversity for improved forest planning. P. Bachmann, M. Kohl, R. Paivinen (eds.) EFI Proc. 18 - p. 171 - 180.
Scenario modelling for European forests as a tool for assessing criteria and indicators for sustainable forest management
Päivinen, R. ; Nabuurs, G.J. - \ 1997
In: Eleventh World Forestry Congress, Antalya, Turkey, 13-22 October 1997 Part G, session 33: Forestry Sector Planning; 291
The role of European forests in the global carbon cycle - a review
Nabuurs, G.J. ; Päivinen, R. ; Sikkema, R. ; Mohren, G.M.J. - \ 1997
Biomass and Bioenergy 13 (1997)6. - ISSN 0961-9534 - p. 345 - 358.
The first part of this paper presents an overview of national forest carbon balance studies that have been carried out in Europe. Based on these national assessments, an estimate is made of the present role of European forests in the global carbon cycle. Differences in the methodologies applied are discussed. At present, 15 European countries have assessed a national forest and/or forest sector carbon balance. Together, these studies cover 104 million ha and present the average situation in the mid-1980s. Most of the studies have used a static methodology to convert forest inventory data into carbon. Extrapolating those studies to the total forest area of Europe (149 million ha) (excluding the FSU), yields a whole tree carbon sink of 101.3 Tg C y-1 (9.5% of the European emissions) and a whole tree carbon stock of 7929 Tg C. Although in general the applied methodologies are comparable, they differ considerably in the way net fluxes are assessed and in the applied conversion coefficients. The role of forest fires in the European forest C balance might be larger than generally expected. A disadvantage of the static methodologies used is that they often regard only the forest ecosystem part of the carbon cycle which may result in misleading results concerning the role of the total forest sector; another disadvantage is that results are only valid for the year(s) on which the data are based. The second part of the paper discusses a methodology that could be applied to all national forests and forest sectors yielding more consistent results. The possibilities of using a large-scale forestry scenario model for a study on the present and Future European forest rector carbon balance are presented. | The first part of this paper presents an overview of national forest carbon balance studies that have been carried out in Europe. Based on these national assessments, an estimate is made of the present role of European forests in the global carbon cycle. Differences in the methodologies applied are discussed. At present, 15 European countries have assessed a national forest and/or forest sector carbon balance. Together, these studies cover 104 million ha and present the average situation in the mid-1980s. Most of the studies have used a static methodology to convert forest inventory data into carbon. Extrapolating those studies to the total forest area of Europe (149 million ha) (excluding the FSU), yields a whole tree carbon sink of 101.3 Tg C y-1 (9.5% of the European emissions) and a whole tree carbon stock of 7929 Tg C. Although in general the applied methodologies are comparable, they differ considerably in the way net fluxes are assessed and in the applied conversion coefficients. The role of forest fires in the European forest C balance might be larger than generally expected. A disadvantage of the static methodologies used is that they often regard only the forest ecosystem part of the carbon cycle which may result in misleading results concerning the role of the total forest sector; another disadvantage is that results are only valid for the year(s) on which the data are based. The second part of the paper discusses a methodology that could be applied to all national forests and forest sectors yielding more consistent results. The possibilities of using a large-scale forestry scenario model for a study on the present and future European forest sector carbon balance are presented.
A large-scale forestry scenario model as a planning tool for Europe
Nabuurs, G.J. ; Päivinen, R. ; Sallnäs, O. ; Kupka, I. - \ 1997
In: Planning and decision-making for forest management in the market economy; proceedings IUFRO conference Pushkino, Moscow Region, 25-29 September 1996 Cuvillier, Göttingen; 89-102 / Moiseev, N.A., von Gadow, K., Krott, M.,
Wood harvest forecast model HOPSY
Edelenbosch, N.H. - \ 1996
In: Large-scale forestry scenario models: experiences and requirements. EFI Proceedings 5. European Forest Institute, Joensuu; 49-61 / Paivinen, R., Roihuvuo, L., Siitonen, M.,
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