Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Triggering system innovation in agricultural innovation systems : Initial insights from a community for change in New Zealand
Turner, James A. ; Williams, Tracy ; Nicholas, Graeme ; Foote, Jeff ; Rijswijk, Kelly ; Barnard, Tim ; Beechener, Sam ; Horita, Akiko - \ 2017
Outlook on Agriculture 46 (2017)2. - ISSN 0030-7270 - p. 125 - 130.
Agricultural innovation systems - Problem structuring - Reflexivity - Soft systems methodology - System innovation

This article describes a process for stimulating engagement among change agents to develop a shared understanding of systemic problems in the agricultural innovation system (AIS), challenge prevalent institutional logics and identify actions they might undertake to stimulate system innovation. The process included (i) multiple actors from the AIS, (ii) reflexivity regarding underlying institutional logics, (iii) an iterative process of practical experimentation to challenge current practices and (iv) actions to encourage generative collaboration. Problem structuring supported change agents’ development of a shared understanding of systemic problems and the role that interrelationships, perspectives and boundaries play in reinforcing or destabilizing current practices and institutional logics. Involving multiple actors from the AIS in challenging underlying institutional logics and encouraging collaboration appeared to stimulate project-level actions and recognition of wider AIS barriers. Collective system analyses for addressing structural changes, including the potential for system innovation, were beneficial. Simultaneously resolving innovation project actions with AIS actions remains a challenge.

Evaluating a space for co-innovation : Practical application of nine principles for co-innovation in five innovation projects
Coutts, Jeff ; White, Toni ; Blackett, Paula ; Rijswijk, Kelly ; Bewsell, Denise ; Park, Nicola ; Turner, James A. ; Botha, Neels - \ 2017
Outlook on Agriculture 46 (2017)2. - ISSN 0030-7270 - p. 99 - 107.
Barriers - Co-innovation - Practice - Principles

Primary Innovation is a 5-year collaborative initiative demonstrating and evaluating co-innovation, a systemic approach to innovation addressing complex problems, in five “innovation projects” (active case studies) in different agricultural industries. In defining the elements of co-innovation, Primary Innovation has emphasized nine principles that guide activity in the innovation projects. To understand how useful these principles were in guiding practice, and their influence on co-innovation, project participants assessed and reflected on how the principles were applied in practice, issues that arose, how each influenced the project, and how important each principle was perceived as being in influencing project outcomes. The nine principles should be understood in each individual project’s context because their appropriateness and usefulness were affected by the type of problem being addressed and the stage of the project. It was also evident that they need to be built into the process from the outset.

Hitting the bullseye : Learning to become a reflexive monitor in New Zealand
Fielke, Simon ; Nelson, Tracy ; Bewsell, Denise ; Bayne, Karen ; Park, Nicola ; Rijswijk, Kelly ; Small, Bruce - \ 2017
Outlook on Agriculture 46 (2017)2. - ISSN 0030-7270 - p. 117 - 124.
Agricultural innovation systems - Co-innovation - Innovation projects

Reflexive monitors (RMs) have been found to be vital to the success of co-innovation projects. While the practices utilized by RMs have been examined in various contexts, we examine the roles they have played in a new cultural context in New Zealand (NZ) and how it has been possible to embed these roles in a diverse range of innovation projects in the primary sector. This article will address this gap in terms of explaining the case-specific behaviours that have been utilized in six different co-innovation projects in the NZ agricultural innovation system. Qualitative data from interviews with five RMs will be used to argue that RMs are a key component in the co-innovation process and are required to play diverse roles depending on project circumstances to enhance system innovation – for example, devil’s advocate, project supporter, consensus seeker, conflict mediator, critical enquirer or encourager. The findings have implications for the characteristics that make a good RM in terms of openness to new ideas, facilitation and critical thinking skills and how they report on the practice of monitoring a project reflexively utilizing monitoring and evaluation techniques.

Innovation networks to stimulate public and private sector collaboration for advisory services innovation and coordination : the case of pasture performance issues in the New Zealand dairy industry
Rijswijk, K. ; Brazendale, R. - \ 2017
Journal of agricultural education and extension 23 (2017)3. - ISSN 1389-224X - p. 245 - 263.
advisory system coordination - critical success factors - dairy farmers - Innovation network - pasture renewal

Purpose: An innovation network, called the Pasture Improvement Leadership Group (PILG), was formed to improve the quality and consistency of advice provided to dairy farmers in New Zealand, after they expressed dissatisfaction with their pastures. The aim of this paper is to better understand the challenges of forming and maintaining networks to coordinate advisory services, with a focus on the dynamics between public and private sector actors. Methodology: The concept of innovation networks is used to describe the PILG, as well as to diagnose the effectiveness of the PILG, and to identify and discuss critical success factors for the development of an innovation network involving public and private sector actors. Findings: Six critical success factors were identified, such as: a sense of urgency and willingness to work together; sharing a common vision; a broad representation of the involved or affected stakeholders; and having a neutral innovation broker. Challenges remain around the level of interaction and the different incentives of public and private sector actors. Theoretical implication: This work suggests that not only the formation of an innovation network requires careful consideration regarding the purpose, governance, and the type of actors involved, but that the maintenance of an innovation network is equally important. Practical implication: The results have been influential within DairyNZ, providing evidence that innovation networks are effective and consequently are being applied more widely in the New Zealand dairy industry. Originality/Value: This is the first New Zealand study into the development of innovation networks aimed at collaboration between public and private sector actors in a highly privatised extension system and contributes to the emerging body of work on coordination in pluralistic extension systems.

Tabellenboek Veevoeding 2016 : voedernormen varkens en voederwaarden voedermiddelen voor varkens
Duinkerken, G. van; Spek, J.W. - \ 2016
Rijswijk : Federatie Nederlandse Diervoederketen (CVB-reeks nr. 53) - 35 p.
Tabellenboek Veevoeding 2016 : voedernormen pluimvee en voederwaarden voedermiddelen voor pluimvee
Duinkerken, G. van; Spek, J.W. - \ 2016
Rijswijk : Federatie Nederlandse Diervoederketen (CVB-reeks nr. 54) - 21 p.
Tabellenboek Veevoeding 2016 : voedernormen konijnen en voederwaarden voedermiddelen voor konijnen
Duinkerken, G. van; Spek, J.W. - \ 2016
Rijswijk : Federatie Nederlandse Diervoederketen (CVB-reeks nr. 56) - 13 p.
Tabellenboek Veevoeding 2016 : voedernormen paarden en pony’s en voederwaarden voedermiddelen voor paarden en pony’s
Duinkerken, G. van; Spek, J.W. - \ 2016
Rijswijk : Federatie Nederlandse Diervoederketen (CVB-reeks nr. 55) - 67 p.
Tabellenboek Veevoeding 2016 : voedernormen rundvee, schapen, geiten en voederwaarden voedermiddelen voor herkauwers
Duinkerken, G. van; Spek, J.W. - \ 2016
Rijswijk : Federatie Nederlandse Diervoederketen (CVB-reeks nr. 52) - 49 p.
Challenges to Effective Interaction in the New Zealand Agricultural Research and Extension System: An Innovation Systems Analysis
Turner, James ; Rijswijk, Kelly ; Williams, T. ; Barnard, T. ; Klerkx, L.W.A. - \ 2016
Farm Policy Journal 13 (2016)1. - p. 35 - 47.
Systemic problems affecting co-innovation in the New Zealand Agricultural Innovation System: Identification of blocking mechanisms and underlying institutional logics
Turner, J.A. ; Klerkx, L.W.A. ; Rijswijk, Kelly ; Williams, T. ; Barnard, T. - \ 2016
NJAS Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences 76 (2016). - ISSN 1573-5214 - p. 99 - 112.
This study identifies systemic problems in the New Zealand Agricultural Innovation System (AIS) in rela-tion to the AIS capacity to enact a co-innovation approach, in which all relevant actors in the agriculturalsector contribute to combined technological, social and institutional change. Systemic problems are fac-tors that negatively influence the direction and speed of co-innovation and impede the developmentand functioning of innovation systems. The contribution in the paper is twofold. Firstly, it combinesboth innovation system functions and systemic problems in an integrated analysis to asses an AIS at acountry level, which has not been done previously in AIS literature. Secondly, it deepens the genericliterature on structural-functional innovation systems analysis by looking at the interconnectednessbetween systemic problems and how these create core blocking mechanisms linked to the prevalentinstitutional logics (historically built-up and persistent structures and institutional arrangements) of theAIS. Results indicate that the existing New Zealand AIS has three main blocking mechanisms related tothree institutional logics: (i) competitive science in silos, (ii) laissez faire innovation, and (iii) sciencecentered innovation. These findings resemble weaknesses of AIS in other countries, and provide support-ive evidence that co-innovation principles in many places have not yet been translated into agriculturalinnovation policies due to persistent and interlocked blocking mechanism and institutional logics. Theypoint to the absence of effective systemic innovation policy instruments that pro-actively stimulate andsupport co-innovation. These instruments facilitate the counteracting of individual systemic problemsand have a more transformative ambition; tackling the key institutional logics that hinder co-innovation,and hence supporting ‘structural system innovation’.
Metabolomics Society’s International Affiliations
Roessner, U. ; Rolin, D. ; Rijswijk, M.E.C. van; Hall, R.D. ; Hankemeier, T. - \ 2015
Metabolomics 11 (2015)3. - ISSN 1573-3882 - p. 501 - 502.
In 2012 the Metabolomics Society established a more formal system for national and regional metabolomics initiatives, interest groups, societies and networks to become an International Affiliate of the Society. A number of groups (http://metabolomicssociety.org/international-affilia tions/benefits-of-affiliation) have taken up the opportunity to sign a Memorandum of Affiliation building a bridge of collaboration with the Society. The Society is very proud to have established these relationships extending our network and bringing the Society closer to the researchers and metabolomics friends. At the 11th Annual Conference of the Metabolomics Society in San Francisco (http://metabolomics2015.org/) we will be holding a meeting of representatives of all present affiliations and will establish an Affiliates Task Group which will build the basis for affiliations to communicate better with each other and share ideas, success stories and also discuss issues of any concern. If any regional metabolomics group is interested to become an affiliate, please contact the president and you are invited to our first face-to-face meeting in June. We aim to inform our community with regular updates of existing affiliations, not only through MetaboNews, but also through our society journal Metabolomics, allowing affiliations to present their missions and activities to the wider community. In this issue three affiliations have provided an update; the French Metabolomics and Fluxomics Network, The Netherlands Metabolomics Centre and the newly established Swiss Metabolomics Society.
Seasonal Variation of Fatty Acids and Stable Carbon Isotopes in Sponges as Indicators for Nutrition: Biomarkers in Sponges Identified
Koopmans, M. ; Rijswijk, P. van; Boschker, H.T.S. ; Houtekamer, M. ; Martens, D.E. ; Wijffels, R.H. - \ 2015
Marine Biotechnology 17 (2015)1. - ISSN 1436-2228 - p. 43 - 54.
marine organisms - halichondria-panicea - lipids - sea - demospongiae - community - bacteria
To get a better understanding of sponge feeding biology and efficiencies, the fatty acid (FA) composition and 13C natural abundance of sponges and of suspended particulate matter (SPM) from surrounding seawater was studied in different seasons at three locations. Haliclona oculata and Haliclona xena from the Oosterschelde, the Netherlands, Halichondria panicea and H. xena from Lake Veere, the Netherlands, and Aplysina aerophoba and Dysidea avara from the Mediterranean, Spain, were studied. Several FA biomarkers for different algal groups, bacteria and sponge biomass were identified in all sponges. The FA concentration variation in sponges was related to changes in fatty acid concentration in SPM. Stable carbon isotopic ratios (d13C) in sponge specific FAs showed very limited seasonal variation at all sites. Algal FAs in sponges were mainly acquired from the SPM through active filtration in all seasons. At the two sites in the Netherlands only in May (spring), the sponge specific FAs had similar d13C ratios as algal FAs, suggesting that sponges were mainly growing during spring and probably summer. During autumn and winter, they were still actively filtering, but the food collected during this period had little effect on sponge d13C values suggesting limited incorporation of filtered material into the sponge body. The sponge A. aerophoba relied mostly on the symbiotic bacteria. In conclusion, fatty acid composition in combination with stable carbon isotope analysis can be used to analyze the food source of sponges.
Systemic problems hampering innovation in the New Zealand agricultural innovation system
Turner, J.A. ; Rijswijk, K. ; Williams, T. ; Klerkx, L.W.A. ; Barnard, T. - \ 2014
In: Proceedings of the 11th European IFSA Symposium : Farming systems facing global challenges: Capacities and strategies. - - p. 131 - 140.
This study identifies systemic problems in the New Zealand Agricultural Innovation System (AIS) that affect the ability of participants in the agricultural sectors to co-develop technologies. We integrate structural and functional streams of innovation system enquiry, gathering data through 30 semi-structured interviews with individuals in Government, industry and research. Interviews explored perceptions of the influence of actors, interactions, institutions, infrastructure, and market structure on the effectiveness of AIS functions. Examples of systemic problems were: (i) a lack of facilitative and transformational leadership and systemic intermediaries to support the formation of strategic innovation agendas in vertically and horizontally fragmented industries; (ii) a culture of hunting for funding within research organisations; hindering sustained involvement of researchers in innovation, (iii) a large number of actors in the R&D component of the AIS competing for public resources to pursue uncoordinated innovation agendas; and (iv) a lack of institutional support for interactions between actors and roles that support interactions, such as innovation platforms and innovation brokers. The existing New Zealand AIS limits innovation to a linear process; restricting opportunities for innovation to occur and fostering competition amongst organisations that collectively have much to contribute to innovation in the agricultural sectors through constructive collaboration and roles in all facets of the innovation process. These findings indicate an urgent need to create a policy and legislative framework, built on a systemic understanding of innovation that more pro-actively stimulates and fosters co-innovation. Such a framework would facilitate the formation and effectiveness of innovation-brokering organisations and multi-actor platforms, enabling coordinated innovation agenda setting and prioritisation of issues in which all actors in the value chain and innovation support system jointly articulate a shared agenda for change.
Challenges to effective interaction in the New Zealand agricultural research and extension system: an innovation systems analysis
Turner, J.A. ; Rijswijk, K. ; Williams, T. ; Barnard, T. ; Klerkx, L.W.A. - \ 2013
Extension Farming Systems Journal 9 (2013)1. - ISSN 1833-203X - p. 89 - 98.
Onderzoek naar bijvangsten aan aal in aangepaste hokfuiken en schietfuiken. Verslag van een experiment
Heinen, A. ; Zaalmink, W. - \ 2013
Rijswijk : Kenniskringen Visserij - 16
visserij - krabbenteelt - palingen - bijvangst - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - binnenvisserij - fisheries - crab culture - eels - bycatch - sustainability - freshwater fisheries
Tijdens de evaluatie van het wolhandkrabseizoen 2011 is door de NVWA geconstateerd dat in de wolhandkrab visserij met fuiken, weliswaar beperkt, ongewenst (schier)aal wordt bijgevangen. Dit is een probleem in de maanden september, oktober en november vanwege het visverbod op aal. De huidige ontsnappingsmethode, ruif van 60 mm vierkante mazen en de puntzak van 60 mm gestrekte maas zijn mogelijk niet in alle gevallen, onder alle omstandigheden, effectief. Vertegenwoordigers van de beroepsvisserij hebben voorgesteld een experiment uit te voeren om de optimale ontsnappingsmethode te vinden voor bijgevangen aal.
RIJSWIJK - Slechte dagen voor pollenpatiënten
Vliet, Arnold van - \ 2013
RIJSWIJK - Slechte dagen voor pollenpatiënten
Vliet, A.J.H. van - \ 2013
De Stentor / Apeldoornse Courant (2013).
RIJSWIJK - Slechte dagen voor pollenpatiënten
Vliet, A.J.H. van - \ 2013
De Stentor / Gelders Dagblad (2013).
RIJSWIJK - Slechte dagen voor pollenpatiënten
Vliet, Arnold van - \ 2013
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