Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Fisher responses to private monitoring interventions in an Indonesian tuna handline fishery
Doddema, Mandy ; Spaargaren, Gert ; Wiryawan, Budy ; Bush, Simon R. - \ 2018
Fisheries Research 208 (2018). - ISSN 0165-7836 - p. 49 - 57.
Fisher behavior - Fishery-dependent data collection - Information technology - Small-scale fisheries - tuna

Information is central to the assessment and regulation of fisheries, yet underreporting remains a persistent problem, especially in the small-scale and developing country fisheries. Private actors, using a variety of enumeration approaches and technologies, have started to supplement government enumeration programs to meet a range of reporting obligations. This paper introduces a social practices approach to understand the response of fishers to private enumeration interventions. We base our analysis on the introduction of landing enumeration, fisher logbooks and Spot Trace devices by the Indonesian NGO, Masyarakat dan Perikanan Indonesia (MDPI) in a Fair Trade USA certified handline tuna fishery in Eastern Indonesia. The results show how a social practices approach offers a grounded understanding of responses to monitoring interventions that extends beyond conventional analyses of fishery-dependent data collection. The paper concludes that understanding data collection as a set of socially mediated practices that intervene in established fishing and landing practices can help to improve the design of fisheries data collection.

Introduction to Part Seven: Sustainability and Inequality: Reviewing Critical Issues in Understanding Consumer-Food Relationships in Global Modernity
Spaargaren, G. ; Oosterveer, P.J.M. - \ 2018
In: The SAGE Handbook of Nature / Marsden, Terry, London : Sage - ISBN 9781446298572 - p. 619 - 638.
Accessing Sustainable Food: New Figurations of Food Provision in the Making?
Oosterveer, P.J.M. ; Spaargaren, G. - \ 2018
In: The SAGE Handbook of Nature / Marsden, Terry, London : Sage - ISBN 9781446298572 - p. 701 - 718.
Position paper : Position paper tbv rondetafel Voedsel d.d. 5 april 2018
Spaargaren, G. - \ 2018
Wageningen : Wageningen University & Research - 2
Position paper tbv rondetafel Voedsel d.d. 5 april 2018
Designing trust: how strategic intermediaries choreograph homeowners’ low-carbon retrofit experience
Wilde, M. de; Spaargaren, G. - \ 2018
Building Research and Information (2018). - ISSN 0961-3218 - 13 p.
houses - market transformation - middle-out - retrofit - service design - strategic intermediaries - sustainable buildings - trust
In the Netherlands, as in other European countries, the uncertain, fragmented character of the low-carbon retrofit market hampers a transition towards sustainable housing. Connecting homeowners to supply-side actors of low-carbon retrofit procedures, products and technologies in ways satisfactory to homeowners forms an important, challenging task. Service design for the benefit of a customer-centric perspective might be a solution. This paper investigates the potential role of strategic intermediaries as agents of change located between supply-side actors and homeowners. It asks how strategic intermediaries choreograph low-carbon retrofit experiences of homeowners through the design of a ‘customer journey’. Trust is a crucial determinant. This paper distinguishes between three customer-journey designs in which, depending on the role envisioned for homeowners, a different trust relation is foregrounded: a private design envisions homeowners as passive consumers who trust in the expertise offered by the intermediary; a civic design envisions homeowners as engaged consumer-citizens who trust their neighbours as reliable service representatives; and a public design envisions homeowners as critical customers who trust in the retrofit technologies and products offered. This implies an important role for policy actors in realizing ways for scaling up and institutionalizing all three low-carbon retrofit customer-journey designs on a national level
The social dynamics of smart grids : On households, information flows & sustainable energy transitions
Naus, Joeri - \ 2017
University. Promotor(en): Gert Spaargaren, co-promotor(en): Bas van Vliet; Hilje van der Horst. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789463436977 - 234
households - sustainable energy - energy consumption - supply - energy policy - netherlands - huishoudens - duurzame energie - energiegebruik - aanbod - energiebeleid - nederland

In international climate and energy policy the development of smart grids features as a critical new step in the transition towards a sustainable energy future. Smart grids enable two-way energy and information exchange between households and energy providers. Drawing on social practice theories, transition theories and informational governance, this thesis seeks to shed light on the changes that are taking place at the level of households: How do householders understand, handle and use new information flows? How can we conceptualise the interplay between households and smart energy systems? And what does this mean for householder participation in smart energy transitions? The thesis suggests that the key to understanding and governing the social dynamics of smart grids lies in the ‘Home Energy Management-practices’ (HEM-practices) that are emerging at the interface between households and wider energy systems.

Companies in search of the green consumer : Sustainable consumption and production strategies of companies and intermediary organizations in Thailand
Thongplew, Natapol ; Spaargaren, Gert ; Koppen, C.S.A. van - \ 2017
NJAS Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences 83 (2017). - ISSN 1573-5214 - p. 12 - 21.
Consumer roles - CSR-strategies - Intermediary organizations - SCP-strategies of companies - Thailand

Over the past two decades, Thailand, as an emerging economy, has developed sustainable consumption and production (SCP) policies and strategies to a considerable extent. While the first phase of SCP policy development has primarily focused on upstream actors and production processes, the second phase has extended company SCP policies and strategies to downstream actors and consumption processes. Through a desk study and interviews, we examine how appliance and dairy companies in Thailand have been involved in the shift from sustainable production to (also) sustainable consumption, from upstream to (also) downstream orientations, and from green supply to (also) green demand. Our analysis shows that carefully framing the role of citizen-consumers as change agents is required for the successful enrollment of Thai consumers in emerging markets for sustainable products and services. In making the shift towards consumers, companies can be assisted by so-called intermediary organizations that claim to hold specific knowledge on and access to Thai consumers.

When social practices meet smart grids : Flexibility, grid management, and domestic consumption in The Netherlands
Smale, Robin ; Vliet, Bas van; Spaargaren, Gert - \ 2017
Energy Research & Social Science 34 (2017). - ISSN 2214-6296 - p. 132 - 140.
Demand-side management - Smart grids - Social practices - Sustainable energy consumption

This article seeks to analyse recent shifts in goals concerning domestic energy uses. Drawing on two Dutch smart grid projects, we observe that in the smart grid transition the balancing of (renewable) supply and demand in energy grids becomes the key priority of grid managers. This shift becomes translated at the household level through so called ‘teleoaffective structures’ of energy practices which motivate and direct the behaviour of householders towards flexible timing-of-demand. New grid objectives are codified in the rules of social practice concerning the use of flexibility instruments (notably time-of-day pricing) and are materialized in monitoring devices, smart appliances, and energy storage. We investigated which domestic practices are most open for flexible timing-of-use. Cleaning practices were found to be most suitable for demand-side response, whereas practices implied in ambiance regulation, leisure, cooking and eating, align only with some flexibility instruments. Next, an analytical focus on linkages between social practices was used to specify opportunities and barriers to sustainable domestic energy consumption. In the concluding section, we argue that householder engagement with sustainability goals should be safeguarded from the flexibility instruments, goals and strategies that seem to turn this engagement into grid management performed for financial benefits only.

China's policies on greening financial institutions: assessment and outlook
Mol, A.P.J. - \ 2017
In: Routledge Handbook of China's Environmental Policy / Sternfeld, E., Routledge - ISBN 9781138831117 - p. 208 - 222.
Environmental protection and sustainability have a complex relationship with finances and financial institutions. Financial institutions such as banks, pension funds and insurance companies, are increasingly seen as of vital importance for reaching environmental and sustainability goals. Initially, and at least till the early 1990s, the availability of finances and the functioning of financial institutions were considered to contribute significantly to unsustainable practices. Through their investment and loan practices, banks and other financial institutions were seen as major drivers behind economic growth and as such major contributors to natural resource depletion and environmental pollution. From the 1990s onwards, the sustainability perspective of financial institutions and the availability of finance has diversified. On the waves of ecological modernization (Spaargaren and Mol 1992) financial institutions were also considered as potentially major institutions, actors and instruments in greening investments, industrial development, and infrastructures. And lifting restrictions on finance was no longer one-to-one related to increasing pollution and resource extraction, but also to greening technological development and capitalization of green transitions (e.g. Scholtens 2006; Perez 2008; Yuxiang and Chen 2011, 95-97; UNEP 2014). Also, there was more and more recognition that public finance alone would never be able to free the finances needed to turn economies and societies green, as major investments will be needed in industrial transformations, new infrastructure, retro-fitting existing buildings, zero-carbon development and the like (Shen et al. 2013). This more positive role of financial institutions for the sustainability agenda started to gain prominence in the scholarly literature in the early 1990s, first especially with respect to international institutions such as the World Bank and its International Financial Corporation, other regional development banks, and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) (Perez 2008). These financial institutions decided - under considerable pressure from NGOs and some states - to integrate ecological considerations and later even conditionality into mainstream lending policies and practices. Following these development banks and international financial institutions, private banks also, starting with the larger ones from OECD countries with international operations, began to subject lending to some form of voluntary environmental regulation. The UNEP Finance Initiative, established in the 1990s, was the first to try to provide a global normative framework for the incorporation of environmental considerations into the business practices of public and private financial institutions. During all these initiatives and related debates it became clear that there were still many teething troubles and conflicting goals, which come along with sustainability roles for finance. The ambivalences of finance, financial instruments and financial institutions for the sustainability agenda made the design and implementation of the former three of key importance, and thus subject of research and politics.
Structural conditions for and against sustainable ways of consuming
Vliet, B.J.M. van; Spaargaren, G. - \ 2017
In: Routledge Handbook on Consumption / Keller, Margit, Halkier, Bente, Wilska, Terhi-Anna, Truninger, Monica, London / New York : Routledge Taylor & Francis Group - ISBN 9781138939387 - p. 353 - 362.
The relevance of practice theories for tourism research
Lamers, Machiel ; Duim, V.R. van der; Spaargaren, G. - \ 2017
Annals of Tourism Research 62 (2017). - ISSN 0160-7383 - p. 54 - 63.
Practice theories offer a new perspective on tourism, by not focussing on individual agents or social structures, but on social practices as the starting point for theorising and conducting research. Illustrated by the practice of Arctic expedition cruising, we discuss the basic premises of practice theories and their potential applications to tourism studies, including various ways of conceptualising social practices, the principle idea of a flat ontology, the
methodological implications and the relevance for tourism policies. Practice theories could contribute to the agenda of tourism studies in three ways, i.e. by enabling in-depth analysis of performed tourism consumption or production practices, by facilitating analysis of change in tourism over time and by unravelling the embeddedness of tourism practice.
Forest Governance : Connecting global to local practives
Arts, B.J.M. ; Kleinschmit, D. ; Pülzl, H. - \ 2016
In: Practice Theory and Research / Spaargaren, Gert, Weenink, Don, Lamers, Machiel, Abingdon : Routledge - ISBN 9781138101517 - p. 203 - 228.
Introduction : Using practice theory to research social life
Spaargaren, G. ; Lamers, M.A.J. ; Weenink, D. - \ 2016
In: Practice Theory and Research / Spaargaren, Gert, Weenink, Don, Lamers, Machiel, Abingdon, Oxon : Routledge Taylor & Francis Group - ISBN 9781138101517 - p. 3 - 27.
Emotional agency navigates a world of practices
Weenink, D. ; Spaargaren, G. - \ 2016
In: Practice Theory and Research / Spaargaren, Gert, Weenink, Don, Lamers, Machiel, Abingdon, Oxon : Routledge Taylor & Francis Group - ISBN 9781138101517 - p. 60 - 84.
Growing urban food as an emerging social practice
Dobernig, Karin ; Veen, E.J. ; Oosterveer, P.J.M. - \ 2016
In: Practice Theory and Research / Spaargaren, Gert, Weenink, Don, Lamers, Machiel, Abingdon, Oxon : Routledge Taylor & Francis Group - ISBN 9781138101517 - p. 153 - 178.
Connecting practices : Conservation tourism partnerships in Kenya
Lamers, M.A.J. ; Duim, V.R. van der - \ 2016
In: Practice Theory and Research / Spaargaren, Gert, Weenink, Don, Lamers, Machiel, Abingdon, Oxon : Routledge Taylor & Francis Group - ISBN 9781138101517 - p. 179 - 201.
Conclusion : The relevance of practice theory for researching social change
Lamers, M.A.J. ; Spaargaren, G. ; Weenink, D. - \ 2016
In: Practice Theory and Research / Spaargaren, Gert, Weenink, Don, Lamers, Machiel, Abingdon, Oxon : Routledge Taylor & Francis Group - ISBN 9781138101517 - p. 229 - 242.
Promoting sustainable consumption in China : a conceptual framework and research review
Liu, Wenling ; Oosterveer, Peter ; Spaargaren, Gert - \ 2016
Journal of Cleaner Production 134 (2016). - ISSN 0959-6526 - p. 13 - 21.
China - Food - Housing - Mobility - Research agenda - Sustainable consumption

Various theories and approaches have been introduced in the debate on how to address sustainable consumption. In this study, we first discuss different theoretical perspectives on sustainable consumption, particularly developed in the fields of economics, social psychology and environmental sociology. We argue that neither an ‘individualist’ nor a system- or structural perspective alone is sufficient for understanding and analysing the transition towards sustainable consumption. Therefore, we propose to apply the Social Practices Approach (SPA) that combines both human agency and social structures to understand sustainable consumption issues. Following the SPA framework, we review and summarize research on sustainable consumption in China in particular on three consumption fields: food, housing energy and mobility. It is found that introducing more efficient production technology is commonly taken as the focal point in these sectors when sustainable consumption was introduced to China. Despite a rising interest in consumers' perceptions of products' sustainability in recent years, research has rarely paid any attention to consumers' behavioural change or to the transition dynamics towards sustainable consumption. In general, ‘individualist’ perspectives have largely dominated Chinese sustainable consumption research. This paper proposes to move attention to a better understanding of Chinese consumption issues by emphasizing the link between the provision of sustainable products and the diverse sustainable consumption practices. Also, images of food, energy, mobility and other consumption products that are undergoing transitions need to be considered in future research as these have consequences for socio-technical changes, material infrastructures and for ‘lifestyle’ innovations.

WIMEK update 2013* 2014* 2015*
Holtslag, A.A.M. ; Leemans, R. ; Siepel, H. ; Spaargaren, G. ; Stams, A.J.M. ; Zee, S.E.A.T.M. van der; Rijnaarts, H.H.M. - \ 2016
Wageningen : Wageningen University
klimatologie - milieuwetenschappen - onderzoeksinstituten - climatology - environmental sciences - research institutes
Emerging e-Practices, Information Flows and the Home: A Sociological Research Agenda on Smart Energy Systems
Vliet, B.J.M. van; Naus, J. ; Smale, R. ; Spaargaren, G. - \ 2016
In: Smart Grids from a Global Perspective / Beaulieu, Anne, de Wilde, Jaap, Scherpen, Jacquelien M.A., Springer (Power Systems ) - ISBN 9783319280752 - p. 217 - 233.
This chapter examines the emergence and development of smart grids from a sociological perspective. In particular we draw on ‘social practice theory’ to
understand the dynamics of domestic energy consumption and production in
emerging smart energy configurations. There are two focal points in the analysis.
First, we will concentrate on a specific type of social practices, so called ‘e-practices’. This is a term that we coin to refer to all those practices in and around the home that involve the consumption, conservation, monitoring, generation and storage of energy. Second, we incorporate ‘information flows’ as a key element in our understanding of the emergence of new e-practices. Although the term “smart” has been defined in various ways, a common denominator is that the generation, handling and use of data, information and knowledge is part of what makes a system smart. After introducing both concepts, we outline a conceptual framework around e-practices and information flows that can guide social scientific research on smart energy systems. We also illustrate how this framework can be put to use empirically, based on data that have been gathered in the Netherlands. The chapter is concluded with a research agenda that outlines theoretical and methodological challenges for future smart grid research.
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