Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Secure Collaboration in the Academic World : Tackle Cyber Risk Without Harming Legitimate Users
Vernede, R. - \ 2017
In: Navigating the digital age Vught : ICT Media - ISBN 9789081952903 - p. 91 - 94.
Critically ill patients demonstrate large interpersonal variation in intestinal microbiota dysregulation : a pilot study
Lankelma, Jacqueline M. ; Vught, Lonneke A. van; Belzer, Clara ; Schultz, Marcus J. ; Poll, Tom van der; Vos, Willem M. de; Wiersinga, W.J. - \ 2017
Intensive Care Medicine 43 (2017)1. - ISSN 0342-4642 - p. 59 - 68.
Antibiotics - Critically ill - Gut microbiota - Intensive care unit - Sepsis

Purpose: The intestinal microbiota has emerged as a virtual organ with essential functions in human physiology. Antibiotic-induced disruption of the microbiota in critically ill patients may have a negative influence on key energy resources and immunity. We set out to characterize the fecal microbiota composition in critically ill patients both with and without sepsis and to explore the use of microbiota-derived markers for clinical outcome measurements in this setting. Methods: In this prospective observational cohort study we analyzed the fecal microbiota of 34 patients admitted to the intensive care unit. Fifteen healthy subjects served as controls. The fecal microbiota was phylogenetically characterized by 16S rRNA gene sequencing, and associations with clinical outcome parameters were evaluated. Results: A marked shift in fecal bacterial composition was seen in all septic and non-septic critically ill patients compared with controls, with extreme interindividual differences. In 13 of the 34 patients, a single bacterial genus made up >50% of the gut microbiota; in 4 patients this was even >75%. A significant decrease in bacterial diversity was observed in half of the patients. No associations were found between microbiota diversity, Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes ratio, or Gram-positive/Gram-negative ratio and outcome measurements such as complications and survival. Conclusions: We observed highly heterogeneous patterns of intestinal microbiota in both septic and non-septic critically ill patients. Nevertheless, some general patterns were observed, including disappearance of bacterial genera with important functions in host metabolism. More detailed knowledge of the short- and long-term health consequences of these major shifts in intestinal bacterial communities is needed.

Verbeteren van weerstand tegen mastitis via fokkerij
Haas, Y. de; Napel, J. ten - \ 2008
PACIOLI 14 : changes in farming and the effects on FADNs
Poppe, K.J. ; Boone, J.A. ; Teeuwen-Vogelaar, C. - \ 2007
Den Haag : LEI (Report / LEI : Domain 8, Models and data ) - ISBN 9789086151264 - 179
agrarische economie - boekhouding van landbouwbedrijf - european farm accounting network - landbouwbeleid - europese unie - agricultural economics - farm accounting - agricultural policy - european union
The PACIOLI Network explores the need for and feasibility of innovation in farm accounting and its consequences for data gathering for policy analysis in Farm Accountancy Data Networks (FADNs). PACIOLI 14 was held in Vught, near 's Hertogenbosch, The Netherlands, in October 2006. The theme of the workshop focused on changes in farming and its consequences for FADNs.
Phase I Composting technology for Mushroom Cultivation 2; different composting systems: workshop, June 7-8, 2004, Vught, The Netherlands
Straatsma, G. ; Baar, J. ; Josten, E.J.J.M. - \ 2004
Horst : PPO Paddestoelen - 53 p.
Amfibieën in het gebied van de Vughtse Hoeven; onderzoek naar de verspreiding van amfibieën ten behoeve van het bestemmingsplan van de gemeente Vught
Stumpel, A.H.P. - \ 2001
Wageningen : Alterra - 12
amphibia - inventarisaties - distributie - conservering - ruimtelijke ordening - nederland - habitats - noord-brabant - amfibieën - ecologie - fauna - herpetologie - natuur - Vught - inventories - distribution - conservation - physical planning - netherlands
Genetic aspects of piglet survival
Knol, E.F. - \ 2001
University. Promotor(en): Johan van Arendonk; T. van der Lende. - S.l. : S.n. - ISBN 9789058084187 - 121
varkens - dierveredeling - selectief fokken - biggen - mortaliteit - neonatale sterfte - genetica - pigs - animal breeding - selective breeding - piglets - mortality - neonatal mortality - genetics
<p>Piglet mortality is high. In the USA nearly 20% of the piglets do not survive between late gestation and weaning; 7% of the piglets die during farrowing and some 13% are lost during lactation. These statistics from the USA are no exception to the norm. Selection for increased piglet survival, if possible, could have an important economic impact.</p><h3>Litters and sows</h3><p>Data on some 33.000 litters and some 400.000 piglets from a commercial breeding program (TOPIGS, Vught) were available for analysis. The heritability estimate for litter size of 0.09 from this data fits nicely with literature estimates. For the trait litter size good genetic progress is possible at a rate of 0.15-0.25 piglets per litter per year, given a proper information and selection infrastructure.</p><p>It is therefore reassuring that the heritability of piglet survival is 0.06, not too far from 0.09. Heritability of uniformity in birth weight is 0.07. The genetic correlation of uniformity with survival is clearly positive (0.3), indicating that selection for more uniformity will increase survival and vice versa. Heritability of average birth weight of a litter is relatively good (0.3), with remarkably little influence from the sire of the litter (0.02). Genetic correlation of birth weight with piglet survival was very low.</p><h3>Individual piglets</h3><p>The data were reanalyzed on an individual piglet basis, with ample consideration for crossfostering. Cross-fostering of piglets is not a random process. Cross-fostered piglets are, on average, smaller than non-cross-fostered piglets. Cross-fostering is supposed to increase the average survival probability of piglets. Light piglets are moved to sows with an expected high mothering ability, proven in previous lactations or with an excellent udder. These sows, however, have an increased possibility of loosing piglets, since they get the small and weak piglets. In the survival analyses a simultaneous estimation of the effects of birth weight, biological mother, piglet's genotype and nurse sow effect was performed. Unfortunately, this analysis is too demanding for the current state of the technique. The discrimination between the effects of the biological mother and the nurse sow was especially difficult, since the number of piglets that are cross-fostered (say 12 %) was limited. Less demanding analyses showed influences of all three genotypes (sow, nurse sow and piglet), very roughly in equal parts. A good and interpretable model is a model with the genotype of the piglet and the genotype of the nurse sow.</p><h3>Does selection for increased survival work?</h3><p>Low heritabilities and intermediate genetic variation were found. Breeding values were estimated for litters of gestating sows, subsequently realized survival was recorded and compared with the estimates. Results were very good; the top fifty percent of the litters had an expectation of 4-5 % higher survival, compared with the bottom fifty percent. Realized survival in the low group was 79 % in a dam line and 81 % in a sire line, while survival in the high group was 84 % and 84 %, respectively. In the sire line, average birth weight in the high group was 70 g lower than in the low group, explaining why the realized difference in the sire line was not the predicted 4-5 %.</p><p>In Figure 1 the relationship between birth weight and piglet survival is given for two groups of piglets, one group with a high genetic expectation for survival and one group with a low expectation. The form of the curve is similar for both groups, but the group with the high expectation is shifted to lower birth weights. At the same weight small piglets of the high group survive much better than small piglets of the low group.</p><div align="center"><img src="/wda/abstracts/i2994a.gif" width="456" height="262" alt="inline image: Figure 1" border="0"/><br/><strong>Figure 1:</strong> Relationship between birth weight and survival in a group of piglets with a high genetic expectation for vitality (<img src="/wda/abstracts/i2994b.gif" width="24" height="11" alt="inline image: maerkers high genetic expectation, Figure 1" border="0"/>) and a group with a low expectation (o-o).</div><h3>Genetic correlations with finishing traits</h3><p>The goal of pig production is to produce good quality lean meat as efficiently as possible. Therefore the relationships between piglet survival, birth weight and mothering ability on the one side and finishing traits on the other have been investigated. The conclusion was that the relationships are quite important. Vital piglets eat more, grow faster and produce more fat in their finishing phase. This means, looking at it the other way around, that genetically lean animals will be weaker in their perinatal phase. In literature, there are more indications of this phenomenon than originally expected. Body reserves of piglets seem to play an important role. Heavier piglets perform better during finishing and selection for lean gain will increase birth weight.</p><h3>Conclusions</h3><p>It is concluded that genetic variation for piglet survival exists and that selection for increased survival is possible. For a successful selection program it is necessary to record survival, sole recording of birth weight is not sufficient. It appears that advantage can be gained from a good attribution of the genetic variation to the sow, the nurse sow and the piglet. A proper attribution is only possible when cross-fostering percentage is high. However, if only the genotype of the piglet is considered, marked differences in piglet survival can already be seen between contemporary animals with a high and low genetic expectation for piglet survival.</p><p>Many traits have genetic relationships with piglet survival; especially traits in the growing phase have important genetic relationships with piglet vitality. The results from this thesis show that it is possible to combine selection for increased piglet survival with genetic improvement in other economically important traits.</p>
Transformatie Hoge Vught
Roggema, R. ; Timmermans, W. ; Oost, L. - \ 1999
Wageningen : IBN-DLO (IBN-rapport 450)
Nutritionele gebruikswaarde van bietenpulpsilage voor vleesvarkens.
Schrama, J.W. ; Vught, P. van; Bosch, M.W. ; Heetkamp, M.J.W. ; Haaksma, J. ; Verstegen, M.W.A. - \ 1997
Unknown Publisher - 35 p.
Public expenditure on higher education: a comparative study in the EC-member states, 1975-1990.
Kaiser, F. ; Koelman, J.B.J. ; Florax, R.J.G.M. ; Vught, F.A. van - \ 1992
In: Higher Education in Europe 17,1 - p. 33 - 64.
De IJzeren Man, een onderzoek naar natuur en recreatie t.b.v. de inrichting van het gebied rond de IJzeren Man bij Vught.
Luyten, J.E.F. ; Hermens, S.W.M. ; Zijderveld, J.A.O. - \ 1988
In: Biologiewinkel/LUW, nr. 1988-1989, Utrecht Biologiewinkel/LUW
Marxistische milieu-economie kritisch bekeken.
Dietz, F.J. ; Straaten, J. van der - \ 1987
In: Congresbundel Oude en nieuwe politieke economie, Vught - p. 1 - 14.
Godsdienst en kerk in Nederland, 1945-1980. Een geannoteerde bibliografie. KDC, Nijmegen/Ambo, Baarn 1981 (boekbespreking)
Hilhorst, H.W.A. ; Vught, J.P.A. van - \ 1982
Mens & Maatschappij 57 (1982). - ISSN 0025-9454 - p. 206 - 207.
Globaal bodemkundig onderzoek naar de geschiktheid der gronden voor de aanleg van sportvelden in enkele delen van de gemeente Vught (Vught VI)
Dekkers, J.M.J. ; Steeghs, B.H. - \ 1970
Wageningen : STIBOKA (Rapport / Stichting voor Bodemkartering no. 913) - 9
gazon - kaarten - bodemkarteringen - sportterreinen - nederland - noord-brabant - lawns and turf - maps - soil surveys - sports grounds - netherlands
Bodemkundig onderzoek en de te nemen cultuurtechnische maatregelen bij de aanleg van het sportveldencomplex "De Baarzen" te Vught
Dekkers, J.M.J. ; Steeghs, B.H. - \ 1969
Wageningen : STIBOKA (Rapport / Stichting voor Bodemkartering no. 874) - 15
gazon - kaarten - bodemkarteringen - sportterreinen - nederland - noord-brabant - lawns and turf - maps - soil surveys - sports grounds - netherlands
Bodemkundig onderzoek van het sportveldencomplex "Loonse Baan" te Vught
Riele, W.J.M. te; Steeghs, B.H. - \ 1968
Wageningen : STIBOKA (Rapport / Stichting voor Bodemkartering no. 815) - 11
gazon - kaarten - bodemkarteringen - sportterreinen - nederland - noord-brabant - lawns and turf - maps - soil surveys - sports grounds - netherlands
Bodemkundig onderzoek van de sportvelden aan de Taalstraat te Vught
Steeghs, B.H. - \ 1967
Wageningen : Stichting voor de Bodemkartering (Advies / Stichting voor de Bodemkartering nr. 39)
sportterreinen - bodemkarteringen - gemeenten - noord-brabant - sports grounds - soil surveys - municipalities
Bodemkundig advies voor de gemeentelijke sportterreinen van de gemeente Vught.
Het bodemkundig onderzoek van "Ons Buiten" te Vught
Steeghs, B.H. - \ 1967
Wageningen : STIBOKA (Rapport / Stichting voor Bodemkartering no. 750) - 16
kaarten - bodemkarteringen - nederland - noord-brabant - maps - soil surveys - netherlands
Globaal bodemkundig onderzoek van de sportterrreinen "de Baarzen" en naaste omgeving en "Ons buiten", in de gemeente Vught
Steeghs, B.H. - \ 1967
Wageningen : STIBOKA (Rapport / Stichting voor Bodemkartering no. 730) - 5
gazon - kaarten - bodemkarteringen - sportterreinen - nederland - noord-brabant - lawns and turf - maps - soil surveys - sports grounds - netherlands
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