Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Income intervention quick scan: outgrower schemes and contract farming : Farmer Income Lab Intervention Quick Scan
Wigboldus, Seerp - \ 2018
Wageningen : Wageningen Centre for Development Innovation (Report / WCDI 18-032) - 24
This quick scan, commissioned by the Farmer Income Lab, is part of a wider research effort looking at, “What are the most effective actions that lead buyers can take to enable smallholder farmers in global supply chains to meaningfully increase their incomes?”. The quick scan provides an overview of the publicly available evidence on the impact of outgrower schemes and contract farming have had on raising farmer income. Such subsidies have had little positive effect on farmer income, are not notably beneficial for women nor is this effect long-term. They have been applied at large scale. This quick scan is part of a series of 16, contributing to a synthesis report “What Works to Raise Farmer’s Income: a Landscape Review”.
To scale, or not to scale – that is not the only question : Rethinking the idea and practice of scaling innovations for development and progress
Wigboldus, Seerp - \ 2018
University. Promotor(en): Cees Leeuwis; Henk Jochemsen, co-promotor(en): Laurens Klerkx. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789463432900 - 261
Scaling and institutionalization within agricultural innovation systems : the case of cocoa farmer field schools in Cameroon
Muilerman, Sander ; Wigboldus, Seerp ; Leeuwis, Cees - \ 2018
International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability 16 (2018)2. - ISSN 1473-5903 - p. 167 - 186.
Africa - agricultural extension - Cameroon - cocoa - innovation
The farmer field school (FFS) concept has been widely adopted, and such schools have the reputation of strengthening farmers’ capacity to innovate. Although their impact has been studied widely, what is involved in their scaling and in their becoming an integral part of agricultural innovation systems has been studied much less. In the case of the Sustainable Tree Crops Programme in Cameroon, we investigate how a public–private partnership (PPP) did not lead to satisfactory widespread scaling in the cocoa innovation system. We build a detailed understanding of the key dimensions and dynamics involved and the wider lessons that might be learned regarding complex scaling processes in the context of agricultural innovation systems. Original interview data and document analysis inform the case study. A specific analytical approach was used to structure the broad-based exploration of the qualitative dataset. We conclude that scaling and institutionalization outcomes were impeded by: the lack of an adaptive approach to scaling the FFS curriculum, limited investments and genuine buy-in by extension actors, a failure to adapt the management approach between the pilot and the scaling phase, and the lack of strategic competencies to guide the process. Our findings support suggestions from recent literature that pilots need to be translated and adapted in light of specific contextual and institutional conditions, rather than approached as a linear rolling-out process. These findings are relevant for the further spread of similar approaches commonly involved in multi-stakeholder scaling processes such as innovation platforms.
What kinds of 'system' are we dealing with? : Implications for systems research and scaling
Leeuwis, Cees ; Wigboldus, Seerp - \ 2017
In: Sustainable Intensification in Smallholder Agriculture: An Integrated Systems Research Approach / Oborn, Ingrid, Vanlauwe, Bernard, Philips, Michael, Thomas, Richard, AttaKrah, Kwesi, Brooijmans, Willemien, Taylor and Francis Inc. - ISBN 9781138668089 - p. 319 - 333.
Managing for Sustainable Development Impact
Kusters, C.S.L. ; Batjes, Karen ; Wigboldus, S.A. ; Brouwers, J.H.A.M. ; Dickson Baguma, Sylvester - \ 2017
Wageningen Centre for Development Innovation, Wageningen University & Research - ISBN 9781853399817 - 238 p.

This guide is about managing development initiatives and organizations towardssustainable development impact. It builds on the work of Guijt and Woodhill inthe 2002 IFAD publication Managing for Impact in Rural Development: A Guide for Project M&E. Since then, the managing for sustainable development impact (m4sdi) approach has evolved with insights and feedback from CDI colleagues, clients, partners, and over 800 people who have been trained in its use. In addition, the authors have drawn on the work of many others.

M4SDI is an integrated, results-oriented management approach, which can beused across a range of sectors and domains in a variety of contexts, and aimsto contribute towards the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It seeks tointegrate ideas and practices from a range of approaches and methodologies forplanning, monitoring and evaluation, using appropriate methods or tools thatengage people in a process of learning and adaptation. It is specifically aimedat strengthening the readiness of leaders, decision-makers and developmentpractitioners to effectively manage their initiatives/organizations in complexsettings. m4sdi belongs to a special niche of management approaches, providingrelevant perspectives on what makes for effective management for those directlyinvolved in managing initiatives/organizations and wider groups of stakeholders.Many of the people trained in m4sdi have become believers and practitionersof the approach because it addresses several of the most serious concerns indevelopment, such as the difficulty in reaching primary stakeholders, designingeffective strategies and related monitoring and evaluation (M&E), focusing oncapacity development and change management, and achieving sustainabledevelopment impact. The strength of m4sdi lies in its people-centred approach and how it seeks to integrate management processes within a complex environment.

The evolvement of the approach needs to be documented to share lessons learned and support capacity development. And so the principles and practices covered in this guide relate to a variety of development initiatives/organizations in the fields of agriculture, food security, local economic development, value chains, Enterprise development, and ecosystem governance. Much of the discussion takes place within the often complex context of development. As such, the guide aims to find a good balance between comprehensiveness and the principle of ‘less is more’.

Scaling green rubber cultivation in Southwest China—An integrative analysis of stakeholder perspectives
Wigboldus, Seerp ; Hammond, Jim ; Xu, Jianchu ; Yi, Zhuang-Fang ; He, Jun ; Klerkx, Laurens ; Leeuwis, Cees - \ 2017
Science of the Total Environment 580 (2017). - ISSN 0048-9697 - p. 1475 - 1482.
The rubber boom across much of Southeast Asia has led to environmental destruction, and the resultant crash in the price of rubber has destabilised livelihoods. We investigated the necessary factors required to enable a transition towards a more sustainable model for rubber cultivation in Southwest China (i.e. the ‘greening’ of rubber cultivation), using a framework for the integrative study of multiple aspects in complex land use issues. We present findings from stakeholder interviews and a stakeholder workshop, and discuss their relevance within and beyond Southwest China. The current focus of researchers and development practitioners tends to be on finding technical solutions to address unsustainable rubber cultivation practices. However, stakeholder consultations revealed that the key barriers were more social: low levels of trust and knowledge exchange between stakeholder groups and fragmented visions about the future of the landscape. It is very important to continue the economic prosperity initially brought by rubber, but, without improved communication between government and researchers and smallholder farmers, this will be very difficult to achieve. A wider landscape perspective is needed to address issues in rubber cultivation to avoid repeating the same problems of cash crop boom and bust experienced with other crops, most notably bananas. We conclude that more effort should be put into developing mechanisms that integrate technical knowledge, enhance social relationships, and present a forum for reconciling – or at least acknowledging – the differing needs, knowledge, and objectives of different groups, and transcending the power dynamics between smallholder farmers and government and researchers.
Considering the potential of citizens’ science
Wigboldus, S.A. - \ 2016
- 3 p.
Ten types of social innovation – a brief discussion paper
Wigboldus, S.A. - \ 2016
- 2 p.
Using a Theory of Scaling to guide decision making : towards a structured approach to support responsible scaling of innovations in the context of agrifood systems
Wigboldus, Seerp ; Brouwers, Jan - \ 2016
Wageningen : Wageningen University & Research - 115
Systemic perspectives on scaling agricultural innovations. A review
Wigboldus, Seerp ; Klerkx, Laurens ; Leeuwis, Cees ; Schut, Marc ; Muilerman, Sander ; Jochemsen, Henk - \ 2016
Agronomy for Sustainable Development 36 (2016). - ISSN 1774-0746
Adoption of innovations - Diffusion of innovations - Innovation systems - Outscaling - Responsible innovation - Sustainability transitions - Systemic analysis - Technology transfer - Upscaling

Agricultural production involves the scaling of agricultural innovations such as disease-resistant and drought-tolerant maize varieties, zero-tillage techniques, permaculture cultivation practices based on perennial crops and automated milking systems. Scaling agricultural innovations should take into account complex interactions between biophysical, social, economic and institutional factors. Actual methods of scaling are rather empirical and based on the premise of ‘find out what works in one place and do more of the same, in another place’. These methods thus do not sufficiently take into account complex realities beyond the concepts of innovation transfer, dissemination, diffusion and adoption. As a consequence, scaling initiatives often do not produce the desired effect. They may produce undesirable effects in the form of negative spill-overs or unanticipated side effects such as environmental degradation, bad labour conditions of farm workers and loss of control of farming communities over access to genetic resources. Therefore, here, we conceptualise scaling processes as an integral part of a systemic approach to innovation, to anticipate on the possible consequences of scaling efforts. We propose a method that connects the heuristic framework of the multi-level perspective on socio-technical transitions (MLP) to a philosophical ‘modal aspects’ framework, with the objective of elucidating the connectedness between technologies, processes and practices. The resultant framework, the PRactice-Oriented Multi-level perspective on Innovation and Scaling (PROMIS), can inform research and policymakers on the complex dynamics involved in scaling. This is illustrated in relation to three cases in which the framework was applied: scaling agro-ecological practices in Nicaragua, farmer field schools on cocoa cultivation in Cameroon and ‘green rubber’ cultivation in Southwest China.

Conference Report: Monitoring and Evaluation for Responsible Innovation
Kusters, C.S.L. ; Guijt, I. ; Buizer, N.N. ; Brouwers, J.H.A.M. ; Roefs, M.M.I. ; Vugt, S.M. van; Wigboldus, S.A. - \ 2015
Wageningen : Centre for Development Innovation, Wageningen UR (Report / Wageningen UR, Centre for Development Innovation CDI-15-103) - 39
evaluation - program evaluation - innovations - responsibility - monitoring - conferences - development projects - development programmes - society - developing countries - netherlands - gelderland - evaluatie - programma-evaluatie - innovaties - verantwoordelijkheid - conferenties - ontwikkelingsprojecten - ontwikkelingsprogramma's - samenleving - ontwikkelingslanden - nederland
This report presents the key highlights and contributions from the conference ‘Monitoring and Evaluation for Responsible Innovation’ that was held on 19-20 March 2015 in Wageningen, the Netherlands. This conference was part of the International Year of Evaluation, and is the eighth annual ‘M&E on the Cutting Edge’ conference. These events are organised by Centre for Development Innovation, Wageningen University and Research centre and Learning by Design. The conference focused on how monitoring and evaluation efforts can support the kind of transformative and responsible innovation needed to tackle critical questions for society.
Syscope magazine - Thema : Opschalen van innovaties (editie naarjaar 2014, nummer 32)
Berg, J. van den; Vellema, S.R. ; Wigboldus, S.A. ; Lee, J. van der; Giani, A. ; Potters, J.I. ; Wolf, P.L. de; Floquet, A. ; Ingram, V.J. ; Rijn, F.C. van; Judge, L.O. ; Jansen, D. ; Laven, A. ; Boomsma, M.J. ; Schoorlemmer, H.B. ; Achterbosch, T.J. - \ 2015
Wageningen UR
Blowing the seeds of innovation: How scaling unfolds in innovation processes towards food security and sustainable agriculture
Potters, J.I. ; Berg, J. van den; Wolf, P.L. de; Lee, J. van der; Giani, A. ; Floquet, A. ; Vellema, S. ; Wigboldus, S. - \ 2014
Wageningen UR
duurzame landbouw - innovaties - voedselzekerheid - best practices - samenwerking - schaalverandering - processen - interacties - sustainable agriculture - innovations - food security - cooperation - scaling - processes - interactions
Many policy makers, business partners and researchers often think about innovations related to sustainable agriculture as the natural outcome of best practices and that scaling can be easily done once it becomes the responsibility of some manager or engineer. However, work done by researchers from Wageningen UR found that the scaling of innovations has tended to be an unpredictable, complex process, depending on the interactions between the 'DNA' of the innovation and the context within which it is taking place.
Responsible research and innovation : Between funding opportunity and corporate commitment
Wigboldus, S.A. ; Brouwers, J.H.A.M. - \ 2014
Wageningen : Centre for Development Innovation, Wageningen UR
Towards responsible scaling up and out in agricultural development : An exploration of concepts and principles
Wigboldus, S.A. ; Leeuwis, C. - \ 2013
Wageningen : Centre for Development Innovation, Wageningen UR; Knowledge, Technology & Innovation Group, Wageningen UR - 77
landbouwontwikkeling - schaalverandering - verantwoordelijkheid - good practices - multi-stakeholder processen - innovaties - agricultural development - scaling - responsibility - multi-stakeholder processes - innovations
Discussion paper prepared for the CGIAR Research Program on Integrated Systems for the Humid Tropics.
How are innovations in the Agrofood sector going to scale? Towards a methodology for comparative analysis of transitions towards sustainable foor provision in Europe and Africa
Berg, J. van den; Vellema, S. ; Wigboldus, S.A. ; Lee, J. van der; Giani, A. ; Wolf, P.L. de; Potters, J.I. - \ 2012
The Hague : LEI, onderdeel van Wageningen UR
Enhancing the role of science & technology in innovation systems : Towards an enabling environment in Southern Africa
Wigboldus, S.A. ; Shibalira, R. - \ 2012
Wageningen : Wageningen UR Centre for Development Innovation - 78
Mid-term review of RAEIN-Africa’s ISP-TEESA programme. Report number CDI-12-022.
Strengthening Effective Forest Governance Monitoring Practice : An approach for integrating forest governance into national forest-related monitoring systems
Bodegom, A.J. van; Wigboldus, S.A. ; Blundell, A. ; Harwell, E. ; Savenije, H. - \ 2012
Rome : FAO (Forestry Policy and Institutions working paper 29) - 62
This publication is a collaborative effort of FAO, the Wageningen UR Centre for Development Innovation, NCA and Tropenbos International, with inputs of a range of experts. The present working paper documents experiences of work to date. It has been prepared by the two teams of international consultants and reflects the experiences and insights based on the pilots in Zambia and Vietnam.
Going for gold in innovation partnerships responsive to food insecurity in Africa : The role of knowledge institutes - Volume 2: Five case studies
Borman, G.D. ; Lee, J. van der; Schrader, T.H. ; Blomne Sopov, M. ; Spliethoff, P.C. ; Thijssen, M.H. ; Wigboldus, S.A. - \ 2011
Wageningen : Wageningen UR Centre for Development Innovation - 35
kennis - kennisoverdracht - onderwijs - innovaties - onderwijsinstellingen - voedselzekerheid - landbouwontwikkeling - capaciteitsopbouw - vennootschappen - afrika - knowledge - knowledge transfer - education - innovations - educational institutions - food security - agricultural development - capacity building - partnerships - africa
The Dutch ‘gouden driehoek’ (golden triangle) refers to successful partnership in agricultural development between government, sector and knowledge institutes. This has been key in securing food & nutrition in the Netherlands. Could this model be applied to African conditions and be the basis for similar success in relation to food & nutrition security? This report is part of the documentation of an exploration in relation to this question. It documents five examples of effective roles of knowledge institutes in the context of agriculture and fisheries innovation in Africa
Going for gold in innovation partnerships responsive to food insecurity in Africa : The role of knowledge institutes - Volume 1: Context study
Wigboldus, S.A. ; Lee, J. van der - \ 2011
Wageningen : Wageningen UR Centre for Development Innovation - 118
kennis - onderwijs - innovaties - onderwijsinstellingen - voedselzekerheid - landbouwontwikkeling - capaciteitsopbouw - vennootschappen - afrika - knowledge - education - innovations - educational institutions - food security - agricultural development - capacity building - partnerships - africa
The Dutch ‘gouden driehoek’ (golden triangle) refers to successful partnership in agricultural development between government, sector and knowledge institutes. This has been key in securing food & nutrition in the Netherlands. Could this model be applied to African conditions and be the basis for similar success in relation to food & nutrition security? This report is part of the documentation of an exploration in relation to this question. It explores the global context of agriculture and food systems as well as current and anticipated challenges that these systems will be facing in the future
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