Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Boars with balls
Backus, Ge - \ 2018
animal welfare - animal production - pigs - animal behaviour - animal ethics - animal health - castration
Kattenkwaad: in huis poeslief, buiten een moordmachine
Debrot, Dolfi - \ 2018
animal welfare - pets - cats - animal behaviour
Three stars for animal welfare
Bos, Bram - \ 2017
animal welfare - animal production - poultry - fowls - animal housing - animal behaviour - animal health
Code of Practice for the Care and Handling of Rabbits: Review of Scientific Research on Priority Issues
Turner, Patricia ; Buijs, Stephanie ; Rommers, J.M. ; Tessier, Maxime - \ 2017
National Farm Animal Care Council - 69 p.
animal welfare - animal production - rabbits - animal housing - animal nutrition - animal health - animal behaviour
It is widely accepted that animal welfare codes, guidelines, standards or legislation should take advantage of the best available knowledge. This knowledge is often generated from the scientific literature. In re-establishing a Code of Practice development process, NFACC recognized the need for a more formal means of integrating scientific input into the Code of Practice process. A Scientific Committee review of priority animal welfare issues for the species being addressed will provide valuable information to the Code Development Committee in developing or revising a Code of Practice. As the Scientific Committee report is publicly available, the transparency and credibility of the Code is enhanced. For each Code of Practice being developed or revised, NFACC will identify a Scientific Committee. This committee will consist of a target number of 6 scientists familiar with research on the care and management of the animals under consideration. NFACC will request nominations from 1) Canadian Veterinary Medical Association, 2) Canadian Society of Animal Science, and 3) Canadian Chapter of the International Society for Applied Ethology. At least one representative from each of these professional scientific bodies will be named to the Scientific Committee. Other professional scientific organizations as appropriate may also serve on the Scientific Committee. Purpose & Goals The Scientific Committee will develop a report synthesizing the results of research relating to key animal welfare issues, as identified by the Scientific Committee and the Code Development Committee. The report will be used by the Code Development Committee in drafting a Code of Practice for the species in question. The Scientific Committee report will not contain recommendations following from any research results. Its purpose is to present a compilation of the scientific findings without bias. The full Terms of Reference for the Scientific Committee can be found within the NFACC Development Process for Codes of Practice for the Care and Handling of Farm Animals, available at
Project Insecten in pluimvee
Ruis, Markus - \ 2017
animal welfare - poultry - animal nutrition - animal behaviour - animal production
Stressvrij omgaan met varkens
Ruis, Markus - \ 2017
animal welfare - animal production - pigs - animal behaviour - animal health - housing - animal housing
Alternatieve vloeren voor vleeskalveren
Heeres-van der Tol, Jetta ; Wolthuis, Maaike ; Bokma, Sjoerd ; Smits, Dolf ; Stockhofe, Norbert ; Vermeij, Izak ; Reenen, Kees van - \ 2017
Wageningen : Wageningen Livestock Research (Wageningen Livestock Research rapport 1056) - 103
dierenwelzijn - dierlijke productie - vleeskalveren - huisvesting - diergedrag - diergezondheid - animal welfare - animal production - veal calves - housing - animal behaviour - animal health
Monitoring verduurzaming veehouderij 1.0 : een eerste proeve van een Monitorings-systematiek voor de 15 ambities van de Uitvoeringsagenda Duurzame Veehouderij, met initiële resultaten voor drie diersectoren en een aantal keteninitiatieven
Bos, A.P. ; Puente-Rodríguez, Daniel ; Reijs, Joan W. ; Peet, G.F.V. van der; Groot Koerkamp, Peter W.G. - \ 2017
Wageningen : Wageningen Livestock Research (Wageningen Livestock Research rapport 1045) - 113
dierenwelzijn - dierlijke productie - melkvee - varkens - pluimvee - huisvesting, dieren - diergezondheid - diergedrag - animal welfare - animal production - dairy cattle - pigs - poultry - animal housing - animal health - animal behaviour
In 2013, the governance network UDV formulated fifteen ambitions towards a sustainable livestock production. In this way, the UDV’s stakeholders defined the long-term goals of an integrated and sustainable livestock production. To what extent have these 15 ambitions been achieved? And, how substantial is the contribution of supra-legal initiatives to this process? In this report, we present the first elaboration of a monitoring system that enables the visualization of the progress made. Moreover, it also enables comparing the different livestock production systems and creates the basis for a comparison between conventional animal production and supra-legal initiatives. In this concept-report the system is applied initially to the three larger livestock production sectors in the Netherlands (i.e., dairy, pigs, and poultry) and –as far as enough data is available– to four supra-legal initiatives. The system is currently under construction. Particularly because it involves interpretation and a number of value-laden choices that –notwithstanding their current support by arguments and references to the literature– should become shared and supported by (at least) the UDV stakeholders in the near future.
Het effect van een verhoogde rustplaats op het gebruik en het gedrag bij opfok vleeskuikenouderdieren
Emous, R.A. van; Gunnink, H. ; Binnendijk, G.P. - \ 2017
Wageningen : Wageningen Livestock Research (Wageningen Livestock Research rapport 1047) - 19
dierlijke productie - pluimvee - vleeskuikens - vleeskuikenouderdieren - huisvesting, dieren - diergedrag - animal production - poultry - broilers - broiler breeders - animal housing - animal behaviour
Elearning Cursus mens-dier interactie in de varkenshouderij
Ruis, M.A.W. - \ 2017
Wageningen : Wageningen Livestock Research - 2 p.
dierenwelzijn - dierlijke productie - varkens - diergedrag - diergezondheid - huisvesting, dieren - varkenshouderij - gedrag - behandeling - animal welfare - animal production - pigs - animal behaviour - animal health - animal housing - pig farming - behaviour - treatment
Hoe ervaart een varken de omgeving? En waarom is het van belang om hierbij stil te staan? Deze cursus richt zich op het belang van een goede mens-dier relatie, waarbij onder andere gekeken wordt naar de manier waarop een varken de wereld ervaart. Dit geeft inzicht in de manier van omgang, met als gevolg minder stress voor dier én mens. Het doel is een win-win situatie; het bevorderen van dierge - zondheid en dierenwelzijn dat onder andere zorgt voor meer werkplezier en meer benutting van het productie potentieel van het varken.
Systeemomschrijving “Plateau 2.0”
Hoofs, Anita - \ 2017
Wageningen : Wageningen Livestock Research - 5
dierenwelzijn - varkens - huisvesting, dieren - diergezondheid - diergedrag - animal welfare - pigs - animal housing - animal health - animal behaviour
En varkenshok met plateau is een hok waarin varkens vrij beschikken over twee verblijfsniveaus, één op de begane grond en één op het plateau. Varkens kunnen gemakkelijk het plateau op - en aflopen via een trap. Bij toepassing van een plateau, dat voldoet aan de systeemomschrijving, mag het beschikbare vloeroppervlak van het plateau als beschikbaar vloeroppervlak meegerekend worden.
Simulating pigs : Understanding their motivations, behaviour, welfare and productivity
Boumans, Iris - \ 2017
University. Promotor(en): Imke de Boer, co-promotor(en): Eddy Bokkers; Gert Jan Hofstede. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789463432122 - 200
pigs - pig farming - sustainability - motivation - animal behaviour - behaviour disorders - animal welfare - simulation models - animal production - varkens - varkenshouderij - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - motivatie - diergedrag - gedragsstoornissen - dierenwelzijn - simulatiemodellen - dierlijke productie

The transition towards sustainable pig production systems is receiving increasing attention nowadays. Pig behaviour plays a central role in sustainability, as it is an important indicator for pig welfare and can also affect other sustainability issues. Understanding behaviour and related welfare consequences requires to understand motivations underlying behaviour. The two aims of this thesis were: 1) to assess the use of agent-based modelling for understanding pig behaviour and underlying motivation, and 2) to apply agent-based modelling for increasing our understanding of pig behaviour, and related animal welfare and productivity performance.

We first explored the use of agent-based modelling with tail biting behaviour in pigs as a case study. An agent-based model was developed to understand the causation of tail biting behaviour. Subsequently, we developed a mechanistic and dynamic simulation model to gain more understanding of feeding behaviour and internal (physiological) factors. The model integrates knowledge from physiology and ethology, and combines growth with a behavioural decision model based on motivation. This model included motivations underlying feeding behaviour and various feeding patterns of an individually housed growing pig. To deepen our understanding of mechanisms underlying feeding patterns of pigs within 24 hours, hormonal circadian rhythms were included in the model in a follow-up study. The circadian rhythms of cortisol and melatonin explained the alternans pattern, a small peak of feed intake at the beginning of the day and a larger peak at the end of the day, of feeding in pigs. Next, an agent-based model of feeding and social interaction in commercially group-housed pigs was developed to deepen our understanding of the complex interaction between internal physiological factors and external social factors. Social factors (e.g. competition level and social facilitation) and behavioural strategies (e.g. avoidance and approach) affected social interactions among pigs and feeding behaviour. The causation of variation among pigs was further explored in this model. Pig characteristics were important in various feeding, social interaction and growth patterns in pigs.

In general, agent-based modelling proved to be a useful method to understand animal behaviour and underlying motivations. It contributed to further understanding of tail biting, feeding and social behaviour in pigs. Furthermore, agent-based modelling showed to be a novel method to find and assess behaviours as welfare indicators, and to contribute to understanding trade-offs and synergies between sustainability issues, such as animal welfare and productivity.

Big uit groepsstal groeit beter
Nieuwamerongen, Sofie van - \ 2017
animal welfare - animal production - animal housing - animal behaviour - animal health
Signaalindicatoren bij handhaving van "Open Normen" voor dierenwelzijn : pilot klimaat in varkensstallen
Vermeer, Herman ; Hopster, Hans - \ 2017
Wageningen : Wageningen Livestock Research (Wageningen Livestock Research rapport 1017) - 44
dierenwelzijn - dierlijke productie - varkens - huisvesting, dieren - diergedrag - diergezondheid - wetgeving - toezicht - animal welfare - animal production - pigs - animal housing - animal behaviour - animal health - legislation - surveillance
Effect van een kruidenextract op berengeur, agressief en seksueel gedrag bij biologische varkens
Vermeer, Herman ; Mens, Annemarie ; Seesink, Iris ; Blanken, Klaas ; Adameji, Oluwapelumi ; Bos, Pieter ; Bisschop, Herman - \ 2017
Wageningen : Wageningen Livestock Research (Wageningen Livestock Research rapport 1011) - 20
varkenshouderij - diergedrag - biologische landbouw - beren (varkens) - berengeur - geneeskrachtige kruiden - dierenwelzijn - pig farming - animal behaviour - organic farming - boars - boar taint - herbal drugs - animal welfare
An experiment with 273 entire males was conducted on an organic pig farm. Half of these males received a herbal extract in the drinking water to reduce mounting behaviour and boar taint. The herbal extract did not affect sexual behaviour and boar taint. Only two carcasses (0,7%) had a typical boar taint. However a complete change towards non castration for organic pigs is not yet applicable partly because of international trade difficulties. A follow up study will be prepared
Effecten van strooisellaagdikte op het gedrag van leghennen
Emous, R.A. van; Gunnink, H. ; Ogink, N.W.M. - \ 2017
Wageningen : Wageningen Livestock Research (Wageningen Livestock Research rapport 1036) - 20
dierenwelzijn - huisvesting, dieren - diergedrag - pluimvee - animal welfare - animal housing - animal behaviour - poultry
In dit rapport worden de resultaten gepresenteerd van een experiment naar de effecten van strooisellaagdikte op het gedrag van leghennen. Dit experiment is uitgevoerd in opdracht van het Ministerie van Economische Zaken door Wageningen Livestock Research. Uit dit onderzoek blijkt dat de strooisellaagdikte slechts marginale effecten heeft op het gedrag van leghennen. In zijn totaliteit suggereren de resultaten van dit experiment dat een 2 cm dikke strooisellaag op gemiddelde basis niet tot minder stofbadgedrag leidt, maar dat er wel sprake is van een ander tijdspatroon waarbij sprake lijkt van uitgesteld stofbadgedrag.
Varkens bijten elkaar door eiwittekort
Meer, Yvonne van der - \ 2017
animal welfare - animal production - animal behaviour - pigs - animal health

Varkens met een lage gezondheidsstatus die weinig ruw eiwit in hun voer krijgen, bijten elkaar meer. Dit probleem kan deels worden opgelost door extra aminozuren aan het voer toe te voegen, blijkt uit een studie van Wageningse dierwetenschappers.

De voordelen van integreren : Jelmer Zandbergen onderzocht voor zijn MSc studie het houden van kippen in een boomgaard
Zandbergen, Jelmer - \ 2017
Ekoland (2017)3. - ISSN 0926-9142 - p. 22 - 23.
fruitteelt - kippen - boomgaarden - biologische landbouw - pluimveehouderij - uitloop - diergedrag - fruit growing - fowls - orchards - organic farming - poultry farming - outdoor run - animal behaviour
Als onderdeel van een MSc studie Organic Agriculture aan de WUR heeft Jelmer Zandbergen een onderzoeksproject uitgevoerd op de Fruittuin van West. De Fruittuin van West is een bedrijf van 6 hectare in Amsterdam Nieuw-West, in 2014 opgezet door Wil Sturkenboom. Er worden meer dan 20 soorten fruit geteeld en er lopen kippen in de boomgaard.
Bat flight analysis around wind turbines : a feasibility study
Lagerveld, Sander ; Kooistra, Gert ; Otten, Gerwoud ; Meesters, Lydia ; Manshanden, Jasper ; Haan, Dick de; Gerla, Daan ; Verhoef, Hans ; Scholl, Michaela - \ 2017
Den Helder : Wageningen Marine Research (Wageningen Marine Research report C026/17) - 42
chiroptera - flight - animal behaviour - wind farms - offshore - north sea - netherlands - vliegen - diergedrag - windmolenpark - noordzee - nederland
This study, as part of the Wozep-project Behaviour and Collision Risk of Bats (Bats_2), investigates how bat behaviour can be studied near offshore wind turbines. To find out whether it is wise to continue and further develop behavioural research at wind turbines in the context of the Wozep programme, we first conducted a feasibility study on land.
Open normen licht bij het bedrijfsmatig houden van gezelschapsdieren : praktische handvatten voor de controle op het voldoen aan ethologische en fysiologische behoeften van honden en konijnen
Ruis, Marko A.W. ; Borg, Joanne A.M. van der - \ 2017
Wageningen : Wageningen Livestock Research (Wageningen Livestock Research rapport 981) - 42
honden - konijnen - licht - kunstlicht - dierenwelzijn - dierhouderij - gezelschapsdieren - diergedrag - huisvesting, dieren - diergezondheid - dogs - rabbits - light - artificial light - animal welfare - animal husbandry - pets - animal behaviour - animal housing - animal health
This report describes the development of practical tools for inspectors to monitor compliance with the target welfare regulations with regard to provison of light for dogs and rabbits that are kept and sold commercially. On the basis of a literature study on the influence of light on the welfare and functioning of dogs and rabbits, and in the context of the situation in practice, tools were developed to supervise and advice in a systematic way. By this the inspector can make an informed assessment about whether or not enforcing rules on the provision of light.
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