De gewenste uitrusting van een dorp : een onderzoek onder de bevolking van Beekbergen, Lieren, en Oosterhuizen (Gemeente Apeldoorn)
toon extra info.
[door] A. Boks
|Apeldoorn : Gemeente Bestuur|
|Ook in reeks "Verkenningen rondom het stedelijk gebied van Apeldoorn" toon alle annotatie(s)
|Hofstee, Prof. Dr. E.W.|
|Samenvatting door auteur||
At present, a noticeable tension makes itself felt in the Netherlands between the views of the Dutch government and those of village dwellers (inhabitants of nuclei of less than 6.000 inhabitants) on the future development of the villages. On the one hand, the Dutch government aims at "concerted deconcentration" of the nuclei pattern, based on the ideas laid down in the Second Report on Physical Planning In The Netherlands. Within the framework of this report, only a modest growth is planned for such villages as have less than 6.000 inhabitants. On the other hand, there are villagers - as well as townspeople who favour the residential environment of a village - who advocate a stronger growth of their villages.The local authorities, who are closer to the inhabitants than the national government, are generally more inclined to comply with the wishes of the population. The national government primarily wish to curb unrestrained sub-urbanisation.In this study an attempt has been made to analyse the views of present villagers with regard to future development. As a matter of fact, it Is open to doubt whether all villagers unanimously agree on the future of their village.In order to gain a deeper insight into this matter, a survey was conducted in 1968 in the villages of Beekbergen and Lieren, which are part of the municipality of Apeldoorn.This survey was based on the following hypothesis:
Modern man would be prepared to consider changes in his present living environment and to accept them, since they may contribute towards an optimum material equipment of the residential environment he envisages.To test this hypothesis, we started out from two types of change which might lead to a complete modification of the villager's living environment, viz.:
1. extension of the village,
2. migration to a town.On the basis of the attitudes towards these two elements of change, the population was classified into nine categories, represented in the table below (the share of the various categories In the total population was also indicated).Growth of the village
The need for facilities in the village is somewhat less than among the total population.4. Regionals: persons who want to modify the present living environment by an influx of people from the region, who are relatively satisfied with the existing situation and very strongly dependent on local facilities. The need for additional facilities in the village is somewhat greater than among the total population.5. Hetero-regionals. persons who want to modify the present living environment by an Influx of people from the region and who might want to live In a town. They are relatively dissatisfied with the existing situation. As regards their dependence on local facilities they represent an average of the population. This also applies to the need for additional facilities.7. A-urbanites: persons who want to modify the present living environment by an influx of people from other parts of the country, who are relatively satisfied with the existing situation and who strongly depend on the facilities in their own village. The need for additional facilities in the village is relatively great.8. Hetero-urbanites: persons who want to modify the present living environment by an influx of people from other parts of the country, who might want to live in a town, whose dissatisfaction with the existing situation is relatively deep, and who depend to a fair extent on facilities outside the village.
This category feel a relatively urgent need for additional facilities in the village.9. Urbanites: persons who want to modify the present living environment by an influx of people from other parts of the country and who would like to live in a town, whose dissatisfaction with the existing situation is relatively deep, and who depend to a very great extent on facilities outside the village. This category feel a relatively urgent need for additional facilities in the village.Since the outcome of this survey has revealed that within a village populations definite categories can be distinguished in respect of the development and the material equipment of the village, we have tried to fit these categories into a master plan. The types of environment for this plan were chosen in accordance with those mentioned in the Second Report on Physical Planning in the Netherlands (This is dealt with in detail by D. Hazelhoff in en article in "Stedebouw en Volkshuisvesting", 1967). Fitting the various population categories into specific types of environment yielded the following results:
1. the evaluation of green areas
2. the social structure
3. the distance to centres of greater importance.In conclusion, it should be kept in mind that the population categories dealt with in the present structure are subject to time and place.
|Trefwoorden (cab)||sociologie / plattelandsgemeenschappen / nederland / veluwe / gelderland|