In combination with other climate change mitigation options (renewable energy and energy efficiency), the implementation of carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) will be necessary to reach climate targets. If the CO2 released by bio-based processes is captured and stored in geological formation or other storage options, negative CO2 emissions can be potentially achieved. With this background, this report provides an initial overview of the potential of biomass and waste gasification to contribute to CCS through the assessment of 2 example cases set in Norway and The Netherlands. A description of these possible biofuel routes based on gasification, together with an estimation of the overall costs and potential impact of bio-CCS on greenhouse gas balances, has been presented. The study cases (600 MWth thermal input) have been selected to cover a representative range of gasification technologies, biofuel products and possibilities for CCS infrastructure in countries which offer particularly good opportunities for the implementation of this technology.
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