A combined heat and power (CHP) plant is a facility for the simultaneous production of thermal and electrical resp. mechanical energy in one process. As compared to power plants, the overall process efficiency is higher as the otherwise rejected heat is also transferred to consumers. Biomass CHPs are operated with different kinds of solid-, gaseous- as well as liquid fuels or residues. There are various processes for the production of power and heat from biomass, and some 1,000 facilities were operational in EU28 in 2016. Most commonly they are based on either biomass combustion or anaerobic digestion.
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