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Hydrotheek

Record nummer 2062568
Titel artikel Automatic prediction of high-resolution daily rainfall fields for multiple extents : the potential of operational radar
Auteur(s) Schuurmans, J.M. ; Bierkens, M.F.P. ; Pebesma, E.J. ; Uijlenhoet, R.
Tijdschrifttitel Journal of hydrometeorology
Deel(Jaar)Nummer 8(2007)6
Paginering 1204 - 1224
Online full text
Trefwoorden (cab) radar / regen / hydrologie / modelleren / voorspelling / hydrologische gegevens / meettechnieken / meteorologische waarnemingen
Rubrieken Meteorologie (algemeen) / Hydrologie
Publicatie type Wetenschappelijk artikel
Taal Engels
Toelichting (Engels) This study investigates the added value of operational radar with respect to rain gauges in obtaining high-resolution daily rainfall fields as required in distributed hydrological modeling. To this end data from the Netherlands operational national rain gauge network (330 gauges nationwide) is combined with an experimental network (30 gauges within 225 km2). Based on 74 selected rainfall events (March–October 2004) the spatial variability of daily rainfall is investigated at three spatial extents: small (225 km2), medium (10 000 km2), and large (82 875 km2). From this analysis it is shown that semivariograms show no clear dependence on season. Predictions of point rainfall are performed for all three extents using three different geostatistical methods: (i) ordinary kriging (OK; rain gauge data only), (ii) kriging with external drift (KED), and (iii) ordinary collocated cokriging (OCCK), with the latter two using both rain gauge data and range-corrected daily radar composites—a standard operational radar product from the Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI). The focus here is on automatic prediction. For the small extent, rain gauge data alone perform better than radar, while for larger extents with lower gauge densities, radar performs overall better than rain gauge data alone (OK). Methods using both radar and rain gauge data (KED and OCCK) prove to be more accurate than using either rain gauge data alone (OK) or radar, in particular, for larger extents. The added value of radar is positively related to the correlation between radar and rain gauge data. Using a pooled semivariogram is almost as good as using event-based semivariograms, which is convenient if the prediction is to be automated. An interesting result is that the pooled semivariograms perform better in terms of estimating the prediction error (kriging variance) especially for the small and medium extent, where the number of data points to estimate semivariograms is small and event-based semivariograms are rather unstable.
Betrokken instanties Universiteit Utrecht, Vakgroep Fysische Geografie
WUR, Sectie Waterhuishouding
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