Record nummer 2219981
Titel artikel Visualization of hydraulic conditions inside the feed channel of Reverse Osmosis: a practical comparison of velocity between empty and spacer-filled channel
Auteur(s) Haidari, A.H. ; Heijman, S.G.J. ; Meer, W.G.J. an der
Tijdschrifttitel Water research : the journal of the International Association on Water Quality
Deel(Jaar)Nummer (2016)106
Paginering 232 - 241
Online full text
Publicatie type Artikel
Taal Engels
Toelichting (Engels) It is widely accepted that our understanding about the membrane process increases by investigation of the hydraulic conditions of membranes. While numerical studies have been broadly used for this purpose, the experimental studies of a comparable resolution are scarce. In this study, we compared the pressure drop, the temporal and the spatial velocity maps of a spacer-filled channel and an empty channel of the same size to determine the effect of presence of the feeds spacer on hydraulic conditions. The velocity maps are obtained experimentally by using of the Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) technique. Application of the feed spacer caused 2-8.5 higher pressure drop increase in the experimental conditions in this research. The flow had a spatial distribution in the form of a unimodal symmetric curve of normal distribution in the empty channel and a bimodal asymmetric curve in the spacer-filled channel. The bimodal curve indicates the presence of high- and low-velocity zones. Additionally, the low-velocity zones showed also a lower variation of velocity in time, which indicates the high fouling potential of these locations. The results from this study may be uses for validation of numerical studies.
Betrokken instanties Technische Universiteit Delft
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