Record nummer 2286881
Titel artikel Following the Water: Characterising de facto Wastewater Reuse in Agriculture in the Netherlands
Auteur(s) Beard, J.E. ; Bierkens, M.F.P. ; Bartholomeus, R.P.
Tijdschrifttitel Sustainability
Deel(Jaar)Nummer 11(2019)21
Paginering 5936 - 5955
Online full text
Publicatie type Artikel
Taal Engels
Toelichting (Engels) De facto (or indirect) wastewater reuse is the practice of extracting from surface water bodies which are impacted by treated wastewater (TWW) for anthropogenic use. The extent to which surface water bodies in the Netherlands are impacted by TWW is poorly understood, and the distribution of de facto reuse even more so. This study addresses these knowledge gaps, with a focus on reuse for agricultural irrigation. This is achieved via a novel application of the Water Framework Directive (WFD) Explorer water quality model, allowing for the distribution of different flow components—namely TWW and flow from transboundary rivers—to be discerned for the national surface water network. When paired with data on surface water extractions for irrigation, this identifies notable areas of de facto reuse. Results show that during dry conditions, TWW is a significant flow component in many surface water bodies, particularly in smaller streams located close to WWTPs. De facto reuse is indicated as widespread, with several key areas identified in which extractions are from impacted surface water bodies. This study represents a first attempt to directly link TWW emissions to agricultural irrigation, highlighting a mechanism by which wastewater-associated contaminants can propagate through the hydrological system.
Betrokken instanties KWR, Watercycle Research Institute
Universiteit Utrecht
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