SUPROMED : Sustainable production in water limited environments of Mediterranean agro-Ecosystem

Project identifier 151-SUPROMED
Project Status ongoing
Start date 2019-10-01
End date 2022-09-30
Roadmap Theme
  • Sustainable intensification: Soil, water, land and input management
  • Sustainable intensification: Identification and breeding of animals and crops to maintain/increase productivity
  • Type of Project Development and innovation oriented (research) project
    Type of Project Institutional capacity building project
    Programme PRIMA
    Keyword water resources; Food security; Water management; climate impacts; irrigation; information technology; fertilization
    Location Spain; Lebanon; Tunisia
    Budget 2 030 000
    Main Funder Directorate-General for Research and Innovation (DG RTD) (H2020)
    Coordinator University of Castilla–La Mancha
  • Instituto Técnico Agronómico Provincial (ITAP)
  • Grupo Hispatec Informatica Empresarial S.A
  • University of Thessaly
  • 3D S.A
  • National Research Institute of Rural Engineering, Water and Forests (INGREF)
  • National Institute of Field Crops (INGC)
  • Unité Technique du Semide
  • Difaf
  • Lebanese University
  • Project Web Site
    Documents PRIMA funded projects 2018



    The Mediterranean region is one of the most vulnerable zones due to water scarcity caused by drought periods and the irregular distribution of rainfall during the year. Agriculture remains the most water demanding sector, where the economy of the region has been growing by relying increasingly in specialized and irrigated agriculture. The lack of water resources, the progressive increase of energy prices as well as the low price of harvests, are conditioning the profitability of farms. Consequently, there is a pro-gressive abandonment of rural areas in which the economy is based on the agricultural sector. This situation may get worse due to global warming. Thus, climate change will affect the production of crops, which may decrease the food security and the agricultural income of certain areas, and may also cause an excessive use of natural resources and energy to compensate these shortages.


    The main objective of SUPROMED is to provide a holistic crop-livestock water management system resilient to climate change. To reach this, the project proposes the following partial objectives: 1) Development of an end-user IT (Information Technology) platform; 2) Integration of several models (i.e. MOPECO) and tools in the end-user’s platform; 3) Application and promotion of regulated deficit irrigation techniques on vines, fruit trees and annual crops; 4) Validation of the end-user IT platform; 5) Design of a set of good agricultural practices and management techniques to farmers; 6) Integration of SUPROMED results into water and agricultural policies for large scale deployment.

    Expected impacts

    The expected impacts are: 1) to advise farmers and technicians on the optimal design and management of farming systems infrastructures for improving their resilience to climate change, by embracing the real-time management of water, fertilizers and energy, and the use of energy audits and benchmarking techniques to optimize the management of production means; 2) to maximize farm’s profitability by guaranteeing a more efficient use of available water and irrigable area, including a better linkage between livestock and crop production, the fertilization management, pests identification, and the use of low quality irrigation water; 3) to demonstrate the convenience of using the end-user IT platform instead of traditional methods; 5) to decrease the impact of agriculture on the environment; 6) to advise policy managers in the definition of national agricultural and water strategic objectives.