INCAA : Innovative Conservation Agriculture Approaches: Food Security and Climate Action Through Soil and Water Conservation

Project identifier 16-INCAA
Project Status finished
Start date 2014-09-01
End date 2017-12-31
Roadmap Theme
  • Sustainable intensification: Ecological intensification approaches
  • Sustainable intensification: Identification and breeding of animals and crops to maintain/increase productivity
  • Sustainable intensification: Soil, water, land and input management
  • Type of Project Applied research project
    Type of Project Institutional capacity building project
    Programme ERAfrica
    Keyword Food security; Conservation agriculture
    Location Kenya; Burkina Faso
    Budget 435 179
    Main Funder German Federal Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF)
    Co Funder Kenyan Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (MoEST)
    Co Funder Foundation of Science and Technology (FCT)
    Co Funder Austrian Federal Ministry of Education, Science and Research (BMBWF)
    Co Funder Ministère de la Recherche Scientifique et de l'Innovation (MRSI), Burkina Faso
    Coordinator Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF)
  • African Conservation Tillage Network
  • Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI)
  • University of Evora
  • Polytechnic University of Bobo-Dioulasso
  • Project Web Site


    The crucial challenge for smallholder farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa is feeding a growing population while preserving the natural resource base of the agricultural system. In future, this challenge will be exacerbated by soil degradation and climate change. Conservation Agriculture (CA) has been promoted as a strategy that can improve yields, soils and effective water use. CA thus has potential to increase the resilience of farming systems facing the mentioned challenges. However, CA has not moved from the invention to the innovation stage in Sub-Sahara Africa: the CA package is not meeting the farmers’ needs (stable yields from the beginning), capabilities (labour requirements and burden) and opportunities (need of specific inputs). Overall, the attempt to transfer a technology in a conventional linear way from science to farm has been disappointing. In view of this, the INCAA project is designed as an action research process that will target the challenging (and often missing) interfaces of science-driven technology and local realities in innovation systems. The overall objective of INCAA is to mentor and analyze a learning process that supports the innovation of CA in Sub-Saharan Africa. INCAA partners with the ABACO project, and the CA networks of ACT and CIRDES that promote CA in Kenya, Burkina Faso and elsewhere in Africa. Building on the experiences of these projects, INCAA will (1)  map benefits and adaptations of CA in innovation systems around the partner projects;
    (2)  foster joined learning of stakeholders to test and validate CA tools; and (3)  develop learning strategies for an innovation process towards CA including institutional and individual dimensions. To achieve this, INCAA will start from those who take the final decision on the fate of CA: the farmers. By assessing how farmers have actually adapted and implemented CA, we can derive lessons on the benefits and losses related to such CA modes for all stakeholders involved in the agricultural system. Looking at the social system constituted by these stakeholders, we will further the understanding of enabling institutional environments that support innovation towards CA. All lessons of these activities will be integrated into a structured process of capacity building involving partners from ABACO and CA Networks (ACT and CIRDES). Finally, INCAA will experiment with new forms and media that help to facilitate learning processes at science-practice interfaces. INCAA will improve the impact of the partnering projects and CA Networks. Furthermore, INCAA partners will contribute to the scientific discourse around CA and development innovation through publications. Targeting the audience of farmers and development practitioners, videos and manuals on CA benefits to be reaped and learning processes will be produced. INCAA brings together development stakeholders with interdisciplinary expertise in agricultural and social research for development.

    This is an ERAfrica project