UPSCALE : Upscaling the benefits of push-pull technology for sustainable agricultural intensification in East Africa

Project identifier 223-UPSCALE
Project Status not started
Start date 2020-11-01
End date 2025-10-31
Roadmap Theme
  • Sustainable intensification: Animal and crop health
  • Sustainable intensification: Ecological intensification approaches
  • Type of Project Applied research project
    Type of Project Development and innovation oriented (research) project
    Programme H2020-EU.
    Keyword food security; smallholders; pest management; push-pull; spatial optimization
    Location ; Kenya; Ethiopia; Tanzania, United Republic of; Uganda; Rwanda
    Budget 7 655 598
    Main Funder Directorate-General for Research and Innovation (DG RTD) (H2020)
    Coordinator University of Würzburg
  • International Center of Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE)
  • Bavarian Research Alliance (BayFOR)
  • Eastern Africa Farmers' Federation Society
  • Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology
  • Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization (KALRO)
  • Maseno University
  • FH Association
  • InoSens
  • University of KwaZulu-Natal
  • Lund University
  • Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU)
  • University of Zûrich
  • Tanzania Agricultural Research Institute (TARI)
  • National Agricultural Research Organisation (NARO)
  • Institute for Sustainable Development (ISD)
  • Description


    Push-pull technology is a major discovery with high potential to increase food security and agricultural sustainability in East African smallholder farms. In project UPSCALE, we aim to scale up understanding and applicability of push-pull from individual fields to farm, landscape and regional scales, and from cereal to other crops and cultivation systems. By determining the factors influencing push-pull success across scales, we will enable targeted implementation and prediction of push-pull effectiveness and resilience under current and future climate conditions. Using novel remote sensing methods combined with simulation and empirical approaches, we will develop functional, chemical and sociocultural maps combined with environmental factors for spatial optimization of push-pull expansion at different scales. UPSCALE will test to what extent push-pull systems impact surrounding fields, farms, landscapes and regions, identifying potential feedbacks, non-linearities and socio-economic or ecological thresholds for adoption. Moreover, UPSCALE will explore the options to expand the use of push-pull for sustainable intensification in crops and systems outside cereal in synergy with other tools, and further intensify the system through incorporation of nutritious and high value crops. By harnessing the benefits of push-pull technology across scales and crops, UPSCALE will catalyse the design and widespread implementation of climate-smart and environmentally-friendly food production in East Africa and beyond.