LIPS-Zim : Livestock Production Systems in Zimbabwe

Project identifier 224-LIPS-ZIM
Project Status ongoing
Start date 2020-01-01
End date 2023-12-31
Roadmap Theme
  • Sustainable intensification: Identification and breeding of animals and crops to maintain/increase productivity
  • Sustainable intensification: Animal and crop health
  • Sustainable intensification: Organizational innovations
  • Type of Project Institutional capacity building project
    Type of Project Development and innovation oriented (research) project
    Programme DeSIRA
    Keyword livestock breeding; livestock feeding; animal disease surveillance; livestock production innovations
    Location Zimbabwe
    Budget 5 000 000
    Main Funder Directorate-General for International Cooperation and Development (DG DEVCO)
    Coordinator International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)
    Partners
  • Agricultural Research Centre for International Development (CIRAD)
  • International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT)
  • University of Zimbabwe
  • Department of Research and Specialist Services (DRSS)
  • Department of Livestock and Veterinary Services (DLVS)
  • Research Institute for Development (IRD)
  • International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)
  • Documents Project description

    Description

    Objectives of the project

    The general objective of the project is to increase livestock productivity in Zimbabwe’s agro-ecological regions IV and V. The project specifically aims to promote increased adoption of climate relevant innovations in livestock-based production systems and improved surveillance and control of livestock diseases. The project activities will help tackle human nutrition challenges, increase market profitability, diversify investments of income from livestock and improve animal health.

    Background

    Livestock provides income and employment to farmers, agricultural service providers and others involved in the value chain. Zimbabwe’s livestock production system is characterized by small-scale subsistence farming. Despite the importance of livestock to rural livelihoods, productivity remains low. This is linked to farmer behaviour, feed unavailability and cost, poor quality of animals, diseases and frequent droughts. Climate relevant livestock production practices such as fodder management and conservation, water harvesting, and manure management have been identified as solutions to increasing productivity. However, the adoption rate is low due to lack of understanding of problems faced by farmers, inadequate services for farmers and poor enabling environment . Animal health management, improved breeds and improved feed are key to enhance resilience. Tick-borne diseases are causing high cattle mortalities owing to lack of repairs to communally owned dip tanks and lack of regular supply of acaricide. Other vector diseases are affecting livestock. There is a lack of efficient control and monitoring of animal diseases. Moreover, there is lack of adequate veterinary service delivery (disease surveillance and vaccination coverage). The LIPS-Zim project will conduct research on the technologies and models that can help to increase the adoption of business and climate smart feeding practices, adaptive breeds, animal management practices (stocking rates) that impact on livestock production while taking into account indigenous knowledge. It will combine this with research on the epidemiology of diseases and the most efficient ways of controlling them.

    Main activities

    LIPZ-Zim will be implemented through PhD and MSc fellowships mainly to Zimbabwean nationals with strong support for staff in the agriculture research institutes and systems. A number of interns from the country’s relevant programs are planned for in this work. Eighty universities and other research entities in the country will be participating in this work. Several situation analyses will be done to better understand farmers’ behaviour and attitudes towards livestock production systems in Zimbabwe’s agro-ecological Regions IV and V. These will anchor the work in all the other result areas.

    The main activities for result 1.1. will include situation analyses, identification of relevant innovations, prioritization of the innovations, and establishment of a research monitoring and validation system.

    Activities for result 1.2 include piloting, evaluating and packaging of innovations, assessing scaling readiness of innovations, integration of findings and packaging of innovations to be upscaled.

    For result 1.3 the activities will include identification of existing and opportunities for facilitating the creation of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) along the livestock value chain, business training, identifying bottlenecks to technology adoption, assessment of market, supporting the revamping of markets, business coaching and mentoring, and monitor the adoption rates of innovations.

    Activities for result 2.1 include investigation of the distribution and prevalence of priority diseases (tsetse, ticks) and development of modelling of impact of climate change on vector and disease distribution (based on historical and current data). While for result 2.2 the activities include describing, assessing and identifying gaps in the current animal and zoonotic disease surveillance and response system, and then develop and adopt appropriate tools (existing and innovative) and programs to enhance surveillance and rapid response.

    The activities for result 2.3 are training for participatory surveillance and improve capacity for data analysis and management, and identify gaps for controlling and prioritize interventions; develop mechanisms for 4 sustainable resource mobilisation to control of key diseases (including economic analysis); and roll out an integrated tick- and tick-borne disease control (ITTDC) strategy in Region IV and V and develop cost efficient vector control and disease prevention systems (including traditional knowledge and innovation).