|Type of Project||Applied research project|
|Keyword||Market access; Food security; Trade procedures; International trade; Nutritious value chain|
|Location||Senegal; Ghana; South Africa|
|Main Funder||ERA-Net Cofund (LEAP-Agri)|
|Co Funder||Directorate-General for Research and Innovation (DG RTD) (H2020)|
|Coordinator||University of Göttingen|
|Project Web Site||https://www.wecr.wur.nl/leap/Default.aspx|
|Documents||LEAP-Agri Projects information booklet|
ATMA4FS : Agricultural Trade and Market Access for Food Security: Micro- and Macro-level Insights for Africa
Agri-food markets in Africa are not well integrated at the local, regional an international level, with trade barriers hampering exports/imports as well as the value chain development. Trade via better market access has the potential to create income and welfare, while improving the food security situation, i.e. providing people in Africa with sufficient food of an acceptable quality level at fair prices. We will look into opportunities and challenges for expanding local, regional and international trade and market access, while considering supply chains from the African importer/exporter perspective. Specifically, we address trade and market access issues in three African countries (Senegal, Ghana and South Africa) and two African trade regions (Economic Community of West African States, ECOWAS, and Southern Africa, SADC) and EU-Africa trade relations. The focus is on three product categories that are important for current and potential African trade: fresh fruits and vegetables, grain products as well as meat. For the countries/regions and products, we investigate how trade and market access is influenced by trade agreements, non-tariff measures, e.g. sanitary and phytosanitary measures, technical barrier to trade and customs procedures and private standards, price trends and volatility, market logistics/infrastructure and institutions. For the analysis, we apply quantitative and qualitative methods to look into the effects on local, regional and international trade, at both the macro- and micro-level. This includes obtaining first-hand information on the trade and market access issues from key stakeholders.
We will generate more integrated and comparative evidence on the multiple dimensions of trade – including local, regional and international trade, and export as well as import flows – and evidence from West Africa/ECOWAS. We investigate trade and market access issues our target areas for three product categories that are important for current and potential African trade: fresh fruits and vegetables (FFVs), grain products as well as red meat and poultry. Our multi-country, multi-market, and multi-scale research approach extends standard case-study approaches in a number of dimensions. First, we add cross-county comparisons along a gradient of market integration. Second, we analyse the functioning of markets both at the micro- and at the macro-level, in order to combine an improved understanding of the local mechanisms at work for individual decision makers with the consequences at the politically relevant levels of the countries/regions. Third, we take into account interactions between local, regional and international markets.