MUSBCEA : Multi -sectoral strategy for brucellosis control in Eastern Africa

Project identifier 60-MUSBCEA
Project Status ongoing
Start date 2018-09-01
End date 2021-08-31
Roadmap Theme
  • Sustainable intensification: Animal and crop health
  • Expansion and improvement of agricultural markets and trade: Methodologies for food safety issues
  • Type of Project Institutional capacity building project
    Type of Project Applied research project
    Programme LEAP-Agri
    Keyword Pest and disease control; Sustainable food security; Vaccination; Brucellosis
    Location Uganda; Kenya
    Budget 738 733
    Main Funder ERA-Net Cofund (LEAP-Agri)
    Co Funder Directorate-General for Research and Innovation (DG RTD) (H2020)
    Coordinator Makerere University
  • University of Hohenheim
  • University of Navarra
  • Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB)
  • Agrifood Research and Technology Centre of Aragon (CITA)
  • University of Nairobi
  • Daktari Project
  • CZ Veterinaria
  • Documents LEAP-Agri Projects information booklet



    Brucellosis is a key zoonotic disease affecting the livelihoods of many poor resource people particularly Sub Saharan Africa. It’s constraining the health and productivity of livestock leading to reduced incomes and food insecurity and places barrier to marketing of livestock and their products. Among people, the burden of the disease remains high globally with over 500,000 new human infections annually. Spread to humans is often through consumption of contaminated dairy products and contact with diseased animals. Infected people suffer debilitating illness often with complications and death. Most developed countries have eradicated or severely controlled brucellosis in animals through application of diagnostic tools and vaccines and this has led to its elimination in human populations. Use of these technologies for livestock brucellosis control in developing countries is jeopardized by multiple technical, economic, social and knowledge factors e.g. lack of reliable diagnostics, training as well as unrecognized / underappreciated burden of the disease in animals and humans. Uganda and Kenya are greatly affected but don’t have control programs against this disease. This project will be on the pastoralist and agro-pastoralist livestock systems in these Eastern African countries. A multi-sectorial strategy linking academia, private sector and other partners is proposed to provide institutional, technical, biological and social answers to the effective control of brucellosis through vaccination in these contiguous countries. Provision of requisite equipment and supplies and training of professionals in animal and human health practices will build capacity for diagnosis, surveillance as well as research on the disease. The project will identify the different Brucellas infecting livestock and hence appropriate vaccines, raise awareness, biosafety and biosecurity & determine modalities for and start control.

    Main objectives:
    1. Develop capacity at Makerere and University of Nairobi to diagnose and conduct local research on brucellosis 
    2. Build capacity and train local veterinarians, doctors and laboratory technicians to diagnose and conduct surveillance of brucellosis using applied diagnostics
    3. Isolate, characterize and map brucella infecting wildlife, domestic ruminants and humans 
    4. Raise awareness, Biosafety and Biosecurity and pilot vaccinations to reduce domestic ruminants’ brucellosis to pre-eradication levels in the study countries