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    Wageningen PhD theses

    This database contains bibliographic descriptions of all Wageningen University PhD theses from 1920 onwards. It is updated on a daily basis by WUR Library.

    Author abstracts and/or summaries are added to all descriptions. A link to the full text dissertation is added to the bibliographic description. In a few cases, no electronic version is available, mostly because of copyright issues.

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    mail icon WUR Library, 9 july 2012


Record number 1979185
Title Evaluating land use options at the wildlife/livestock interface: an integrated spatial land use analysis
show extra info.
Petronella Chaminuka
Author(s) Chaminuka, P.
Publisher [S.l. : s.n.]
Publication year 2012
Description VI, 258 p fig., graf., tab
Notes Proefschrift Wageningenshow all notes
Met lit. opg. - Met samenvatting in het Engels en Nederlands
ISBN 9789461731333
Tutors Ierland, Prof. dr. E.C. van ; Zijpp, Prof. dr. ir. A.J. van der ; McCrindle, Prof. dr. C.M.E. ; Groeneveld, Dr. ir. R.A.
Graduation date 2012-01-18
Dissertation no. 5168
Author abstract show abstract
In Africa, rural development and biodiversity conservation, are both important, but sometimes
potentially conflicting priorities. Most rural areas adjacent to wildlife protected areas in Southern
Africa have high biodiversity potential, but are characterised by high poverty, unemployment,
and limited economic activity. The problems in these rural areas are further compounded by
problems of crop destruction, and livestock depredation by wildlife. Transfrontier conservation
areas (TFCAs), recently introduced in Southern Africa, have potential to address both
biodiversity and poverty alleviation through promotion of multiple land uses such as wildlife
ranching, tourism, livestock and crop production. It is however, not clear how these land uses
can be combined, and what the associated socio-economic costs and benefits of alternative land
use options in these areas are. This study proposed a spatial land use model for evaluating
alternative land uses and development pathways in these rural areas. The model maximised net
revenues from the land, assuming the presence of a social planner. The model proposed,
considered a range of socio-economic and biophysical factors, identified jointly with rural
communities. The study comprised five empirical chapters in which the following issues are
addressed; (i) socioeconomic risks associated with agriculture at the interface, and community
attitudes towards wildlife tourism land uses (ii) contribution of existing livelihood strategies to
household incomes, (iii) potential for tourism development and (iv) trade-offs in net revenues
between different options for land use. The case study areas was Mhinga, one of the rural areas
within the Great Limpopo TFCA in South Africa. The study area is situated on the north-western
border of Kruger National Park (KNP), next to the Punda Maria park gate. Results showed that
the costs by wildlife related damage such as livestock depredation and diseases, were higher than
the benefits in employment and subsidies from the park for households. As a consequence
attitudes towards wildlife by farmers were generally negative. There was also no mechanism to
compensate households incurring wildlife damage. Households living closer to the park had
more problems with wildlife damage. When the contribution of different livelihood activities to
household incomes were considered, the study found that the main sources of income were the
government welfare grants, formal employment and cattle farming. Cattle farmers were not in
support of introducing wildlife based land use activities as they considered them to impose costs
on other livelihood activities. Some community members were however of the opinion that
introducing wildlife tourism could create employment and improve household incomes,
especially for those households not engaged in cattle farming. When preferences of tourists,
towards supporting forms of ecotourism outside the KNP were analysed, through a choice
experiment approach, the study found that tourists were interested in village tours and crafts
markets, but generally reluctant to use accommodation facilities outside the park. Analysis of
options for land based development at the interface showed that existing land use practices were
not optimal. The model results indicate that, by introducing irrigation, tourism and wildlife land
uses, net revenues from land could be doubled in the future. It is concluded that, given the
socioeconomic and bio-physical constraints characteristic to the area, most income can be obtained by
combining all four land uses in the area in optimal proportions. Factors such as property rights,
and benefits distribution which could impact the ability of rural communities in the TFCA to
support, utilize and benefit from wildlife resources need to be addressed before any land use
changes are implemented.
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Keyword(s) wildlife / livestock / cattle / land use / rural communities / ecotourism / livelihoods
Categories Wildlife Conservation and Management / Rural Development
Publication type PhD thesis
Language English
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