PhD theses

All Wageningen University PhD theses

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    Wageningen PhD theses

    This database contains bibliographic descriptions of all Wageningen University PhD theses from 1920 onwards. It is updated on a daily basis by WUR Library.

    Author abstracts and/or summaries are added to all descriptions. A link to the full text dissertation is added to the bibliographic description. In a few cases, no electronic version is available, mostly because of copyright issues.

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    mail icon WUR Library, 9 july 2012


Record number 1868078
Title Worlds apart : interactions between local initiatives and established policy
show extra info.
Marleen Buizer
Title-variation: Aparte werelden : interacties tussen lokale initiatieven en gevestigd beleid
Author(s) Buizer, M.
Publisher [S.l. : s.n.]
Publication year 2008
Description IX, 242 p fig., tab
Notes Proefschrift Wageningenshow all notes
Met lit. opg. - Met samenvatting in het Engels en Nederlands
Auteursvermelding colofon: I.M. Buizer
Ook verschenen als handelsuitgave
ISBN 9789085048749
Tutors Lengkeek, Prof. Dr. J. ; Tatenhove, Dr. Ir. J.P.M. van
Graduation date 2008-02-29
Dissertation no. 4398
Author abstract show abstract
Keywords: local initiatives, policy arrangements, participation, sub-politicization, depoliticization, discourse, duality of agency and structure, space for policy innovation, interpretive analysis, urban-rural relationships

This thesis presents three case studies about private actors aspiring to realize their innovative ideas on land management and design in three different areas in the Netherlands. In appearance, these three areas are very different but they are all dynamic and are all located near cities. In size, the areas range from seventy to a few hundred hectares. Socially, they are highly dynamic as well, with various groups and organizations seeking either to make changes or to conserve what they value, and taking action to promote their ideas. However, it was clear from the start that the ways in which the initiators of these ideas gave meaning to the three areas differed from the ideas enshrined in existing policies. It is argued that the initiatives must be looked at in the context of various pleas for ‘interactive policy making’, since these generate expectations about the scope for initiatives to come from private actors. The question is whether these pleas really imply scope for two-way traffic, allowing ‘space for policy innovation’ through local initiatives which do not originate from government actors. Indeed, the three case studies show that there is ample innovative potential at the local level and that ideas do get implemented after considerable efforts. The fact that these initiatives were implemented was also due to other factors, such as the personal zeal and perseverance, trust and empathy that could develop among people involved ‘in the field’. However, the cases also show that there is only limited politicized discussion about the possible wider policy implications of these local innovations.

This study revealed this asymmetry between local innovative potential and a seeming lack of responsiveness on the part of established policy by means of an analysis of 1) the relationships between discourses, actor coalitions, rules and resources at the level of day-to-day interactions between the initiatives and established policy, and 2) the influence of structural forces such as Europeanization, distantiation, juridification and sectoralization on these everyday practices. The study explored how these structural forces contributed to a form of depoliticization in the case study areas.

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Keyword(s) land use planning / physical planning / decision making / participation / netherlands / belgium / integrated spatial planning policy / governance / participation methods / policy research / zuid-holland / noord-brabant / zuid-limburg / transboundaries
Categories Land Use Planning / Public Administration (General)
Publication type PhD thesis
Language English
About This book describes interactions between policy makers and coialitions of private actors such as citizens, enterprises and researchers. Even though 'policy makers' are generally associated with formal government bodies, all of the above mentioned actors are in fact policy makers. This study goves three examples from Biesland Polder (Zuid-Holland), Grensschap Albertkanaal (Zuid-Limburg) en Loonsche Zand (Natuurmonumenten, Noord-Brabant)
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