PhD theses

All Wageningen University PhD theses

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    Wageningen PhD theses


    This database contains bibliographic descriptions of all Wageningen University PhD theses from 1920 onwards. It is updated on a daily basis by WUR Library.

    Author abstracts and/or summaries are added to all descriptions. A link to the full text dissertation is added to the bibliographic description. In a few cases, no electronic version is available, mostly because of copyright issues.

    Hard copies of all theses are available for loan at WUR Library. To request them, click the link Request this publication in the full record presentation. This is a fee based service.

    mail icon WUR Library, 9 july 2012

     

Records 1 - 20 / 78

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    We will mail you new results for this query: q="physical planning"
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Design in the planning arena : how regional designing influences strategic spatial planning [PhD thesis]
Kempenaar, Annet \ 2017
physical planning - landscape architecture - regional planning - regional development
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Planning amid uncertainty : adaptiveness for spatial interventions in delta areas [PhD thesis]
Full text publicly available; under embargo until:2020-12-08
Zandvoort, Mark \ 2017
physical planning - deltas - climatic change - risk management - uncertainty
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Dealing with private property for public purposes : an interdisciplinary study of land transactions from a micro-scale perspective [PhD thesis]
Holtslag-Broekhof, Sanne \ 2016
land policy - property - private ownership - land use - compulsory purchase - land ownership - government - land transfers - physical planning - case studies - netherlands
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‘Storied landscapes’ : narrating changing Dutch cultural landscapes [PhD thesis]
Bulkens, M. \ 2014
cultural landscape - discourse analysis - physical planning - participation - landscape experience - landscape planning - netherlands
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Understanding trust : longitudinal studies on trust dynamics in governance interactions [PhD thesis]
Vries, J.R. de \ 2014
beliefs - governance - longitudinal studies - nature conservation policy - cooperation - physical planning - public authorities - groups - contracts - organization

Abstract:
Trust is generally perceived as an important concept in governance processes where people cooperate, as it enables people to take risks and deal with uncertainties, and it facilitates cooperation. These characteristics are seen as important in new and alternative ways of implementing public policies. These governance approaches focus more and more on network governance and on organising more horizontal interactions. In these contexts, trust is seen as a means to control and manage relations. It is therefore surprising that empirical studies on trust are lacking. Consequently, little is known about how trust emerges and develops in governance processes. This thesis addresses this gap and focuses on the question: How does trust emerge and develop in governance interactions? In answering this question, I take a dynamic perspective on trust. Here, trust is seen as a positive expectation about an actor’s ways of doing. This perspective in particular takes into account the dynamics of governance interactions. In this thesis, I focus on the field of spatial planning, as one of the fields of governance. In planning processes, four aspects are important. First, planning processes consist of a series of interactions that are organised in a certain way and have specific characteristics. Second, in these interactions, various policy instruments are used to guide the process and work towards a collective objective. Third, these interactions take place between groups and their members. These groups have their own identity and related roles and rules that influence the planning process. Fourth, in these interactions, people express trust and distrust to support their ideas, collaboration, or preferred choice. In studying trust dynamics, I focus in the subsequent chapters on these four aspects and how they influence and are influenced by trust dynamics.

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Paradoxale modernisering : Ede, 1945-1995: groot geworden, herkenbaar gebleven [PhD thesis]
Bloembergen-Lukkes, J.R. \ 2014
history - modernization - politics - economics - demography - culture - education - migration - physical planning - sociology of leisure - local history - veluwe - netherlands
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Stories becoming sticky : how civic initiatives strive for connection to governmental spatial planning agendas [PhD thesis]
Stoep, H. van der \ 2014
physical planning - public participation - civil society - public administration - decision making - community involvement - regional planning - communication - relations between people and state - citizens - participation - zuid-holland - krimpenerwaard - zuid-limburg
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Who cares about research?! : a study on the role of research in policy processes in competing claims contexts [PhD thesis]
Schut, M. \ 2012
natural resources - utilization - resource utilization - research - influences - policy processes - water management - physical planning - polders - biesbosch - netherlands - biofuels - production - sustainability - mozambique

Abstract:
A study on the role of research in policy processes in competing claims contexts

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Optimal management of marine resources: spatial planning of multiple uses by multiple actors [PhD thesis]
Punt, M.J. \ 2011
natural resource economics - natural resources - resource management - oceans - marine environment - physical planning - marine protected areas - windmills
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The governance of nature : how nature conservation ambitions have been dashed in planning practices [PhD thesis]
Beunen, R. \ 2010
nature conservation - physical planning - europe - legislation - land use - governance - nature conservation policy - habitats directive - ecological network - natura 2000 - Netherlands

Abstract:
Ondanks de veelgehoorde opmerking dat 'Nederland op slot gaat als gevolg van natuur- en milieuregelgeving” blijkt uit het onderzoek van Beunen dat projecten zelden worden stopgezet als gevolg van deze regelgeving. Hij stelt vast dat de kritiek met name het gevolg is van de wijze waarop het natuurbeleid wordt uitgevoerd. Momenteel gaat teveel aandacht uit naar gesteggel over regels. Daardoor wordt de noodzakelijk inhoudelijke discussie niet gevoerd en neemt het draagvlak voor het natuurbeleid af. Beunen meent dat het huidige natuurbeleid voldoende kansen biedt om de verschillende belangen bij elkaar te brengen om tot gezamenlijke en breed gedragen oplossingen te komen.

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The performance of landscape concepts in spatial planning : branding, bonding and bringing about [PhD thesis]
Hagens, J.E. \ 2010
physical planning - landscape - landscape architecture - netherlands - integrated spatial planning policy - landscape analysis - landscape planning

Abstract:
Spatial planners are expressive people. They often use landscape concepts, being metaphors that refer to landscape ideas and planning principles. Examples are Green Heart, Nature Pearls and the Camelisation of landscapes. Such landscape concepts seem ‘innocent’ but are ‘guilty’ of powerful effects. The power of a landscape concept is rooted in its colourful, rhetorical and multiple nature, in combination with the drives and political practice of its users. Accordingly, the first part of this study provides a theoretical or philosophical reflection on the use of landscape concepts in spatial planning, including views of Foucault, Deleuze and Latour. The effect of a landscape concept can be subtle and unexpected. For example, media indirectly couple assumptions about 'good planning' to the concept of National Landscape, i.e. the limited ideal of open landscapes. Using a concept also provides opportunities: it can be used for bonding people and promoting landscapes. For example, the concept Waterpark in a vision for the Dutch IJmeer region was a flexible and informal concept. This allowed the organisations involved to identify with the concept and bundle interests, although it was a temporarily success. The second part of this study provides more insight into Dutch regional planning practice and the use of landscape concepts. Finally, this study discusses the benefit of a 'will to connect' by planners in contrast to a 'will to control'.

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Supporting strategic spatial planning : planning support systems for the spatial planning of metropolitan landscapes [PhD thesis]
Carsjens, G.J. \ 2009
physical planning - urban planning - geographical information systems - land use planning - environmental management - decision support systems - strategic management

Abstract:
Een belangrijke opgave voor de ruimtelijke planning is en balans te vinden tussen de toegenomen druk op de open groene ruimte door verstedelijking en economische ontwikkeling enerzijds, en de noodzaak van het behouden van deze landelijke gebieden voor natuur, recreatie, landschap en voedselproductie anderzijds. Dit complexe vraagstuk kan niet worden opgelost met behulp van lokale participatieve planning alleen. De afgelopen decennia is een groeiend aantal computersystemen ontwikkeld ter ondersteuning, het zogenaamde Planning Support System (PSS). Doel van dit proefschrift is het gebruik van PSS in strategische ruimtelijke planning te verkennen

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Development of a spatial planning support system for agricultural policy formulation related to land and water resources in Borkhar & Meymeh district, Iran [PhD thesis]
Farhadi Bansouleh, B. \ 2009
physical planning - agricultural policy - agricultural development - simulation models - iran - system development - system innovation - policy research
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Landscape architecture between politics and science : an integrative perspective on landscape planning and design in the network society [PhD thesis]
Jonge, J. de \ 2009
landscape architecture - physical planning - politics - land use planning - science - landscape planning

Abstract:
This thesis examines the typical nature of design thinking, which is compared and contrasted with scientific and political thinking. A theretical framework is formulated and applied to landscape planning and design. During the 20th century the established operational orientation in landscape architecture was accompanied by an emerging strategic design approach, referred to as 'research by design'. Two cases of large scale landscape planning and design in the netherlands are given in this publication: the restructuring of sandy soil areas programme and the Stork Plan for Rhine-Meuse floodplain in the central belt of the Netherlands

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Worlds apart : interactions between local initiatives and established policy [PhD thesis]
Buizer, M. \ 2008
land use planning - physical planning - decision making - participation - netherlands - belgium - integrated spatial planning policy - governance - participation methods - policy research - zuid-holland - noord-brabant - zuid-limburg - transboundaries

Abstract:
This book describes interactions between policy makers and coialitions of private actors such as citizens, enterprises and researchers. Even though 'policy makers' are generally associated with formal government bodies, all of the above mentioned actors are in fact policy makers. This study goves three examples from Biesland Polder (Zuid-Holland), Grensschap Albertkanaal (Zuid-Limburg) en Loonsche Zand (Natuurmonumenten, Noord-Brabant)

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Water and environment in decision-making : water assessment, environmental impact assessment, and strategic environmental assessment in Dutch planning, a comparison [PhD thesis]
Dijk, J.M. van \ 2008
environmental assessment - physical planning - assessment - water management - water policy - environmental policy - decision making - netherlands - government policy - integrated spatial planning policy

Abstract:
In the urbanised delta of the Netherlands, it is important to take water-related and environmental impacts fully into account when deciding on socio-economic activities. This is the aim behind Water Assessment (WA), Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA). This thesis is centred on a comparative research of these policy instruments. The overall research aim is to ex-plain the character and effectiveness of WA, EIA and SEA, and compare each of them with the others, also in relation to their broader policy context. The method that is used in this thesis is positioned at the intersection of theory and practice. It is a method underpinned, philosophically, in Aristotle‘s phronesis and apagoge. Phronetic research is a context-dependent and reflective analysis of practice, which leads to contributing to that practice. Apagoge refers to retroductive inferences. The method used — the ‗method of articulation‘ — is anchored by these core ideas, which form a base for the research. Articulation is a method that facilitates linking heterogeneous concepts from theory, not only with each other, but also with the prac-tical phenomena that are being studied. In the content perspective, the decisions in relation to WA, EIA and SEA, in which decision-makers balance the socio-economic interests of societal initiatives with the water-related and environmental interests, are conceptualized as ‗trade-offs‘. Un-certainty and ambiguity are inherent to such decision-making processes. In the steer-ing perspective, the umbrella concept for three modes of coordination — markets, hierarchy and networks — is ‗metagovernance‘, while in the planning perspective, the core concepts are rational and communicative planning approaches with a power complement. This set of concepts is used to explain the similarities and differences among WA, EIA and SEA. Second, the effectiveness, strengths and weaknesses of these in-struments are shown, based on several evaluations. Third, these instruments are then positioned within the historical context of Dutch and European water management, environmental and spatial planning policies. The thesis ends by offering practical con-tributions to the further development of WA, EIA and SEA in the Netherlands

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Voorbij de risiconorm : nieuwe relaties tussen ruimte, water en risico [PhD thesis]
Immink, I. \ 2007
physical planning - land use planning - water management - flood control - risk assessment - netherlands

Abstract:
Dit proefschrift gaat over twee werelden aan beide zijden van de dijk. Er is een gebrek aan afstemming tussen tussen de wereld van de ruimtelijke ordening en de wereld van waterbeheer. Om tot betere afstemming te komen is een meer maatschappelijke benadering van het begrip 'risico' nodig, naast de technische benadering, die (vanuit het waterbeheer) nu de overhand heeft

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Spatial data sharing: from theory to practice [PhD thesis]
Omran, E.S.E. \ 2007
physical planning - data collection - diffusion of information - cooperation - databases - egypt - information theory - scientific cooperation - social cooperation

Abstract:
Voor het ondersteunen van ruimtelijke vraagstukken wordt intensief gebruikt gemaakt van ruimtelijke gegevens. Het verzamelen en onderhouden van deze gegevens is een kostbare aangelegenheid. Bijvoorbeeld bij de aanleg van een nieuwe weg is informatie nodig over de bodemgesteldheid, de eigendomsituatie, ecologie, landgebruik, etc. Het beheer en onderhoud van deze gegevens is vaak bij verschillende organisaties belegd. Om ruimtelijke vraagstukken goed te kunnen ondersteunen is het delen (Spatial Data Sharing (SDS)) van ruimtelijke gegevens dan ook essentieel. In dit proefschrift staat het verkrijgen van gegevens centraal, vanuit sociaal-cultureel perspectief.

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Designing sustainable landscapes: from experience to theory : a process of reflective learning from case-study projects in Kenya [PhD thesis]
Duchhart, I. \ 2007
landscape - sustainability - design - landscape architecture - planning - physical planning - participation - theory - kenya

Abstract:
Het betreft hier een actie-geörienteerd onderzoek naar een duurzame ontwikkeling van dorpen en steden (in Kenia). Naast de landschappelijke ingrepen (i.v.m. erosie en gezondheid), zijn ook nationale instituten en overheden in contact gebracht met lokale organisaties om zo kennisuitwisseling tot stand te brengen

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Exploring the use of multi-agent systems for interactive multi-actor spatial planning [PhD thesis]
Ligtenberg, A. \ 2006
physical planning - land use planning - development planning - decision making - participation - models - netherlands

Abstract:
Multi-Agent Systems (MAS) lijken een bijdrage te kunnen leveren aan het beter modelleren en begrijpen van de complexiteit van een interactief multiactor ruimtelijk planningsproces. De belangrijkste doelstelling van dit onderzoek was daarom het verkennen van MAS ten behoeve van toepassing in de simulatie van interactieve multi-actor ruimtelijke planning. Het model is gebaseerd op vier soorten kennis ten aanzien van de ruimtelijke omgeving: wensen, opvattingen, waarden en preferenties

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