Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 107209
Title Constitutive dechlorination of chlorinated ethenes by a methanol degrading methanogenic consortium
Author(s) Eekert, M.H.A. van; Schroder, T.J.; Rhee, A. van; Stams, A.J.M.; Schraa, G.; Field, J.A.
Source Bioresource Technology 77 (2001). - ISSN 0960-8524 - p. 163 - 170.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/S0960-8524(00)00149-8
Department(s) Microbiology
WIMEK
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2001
Abstract The ability of granular methanogenic sludge to dechlorinate chloroethenes was investigated with unadapted sludge from an upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor fed with methanol. The sludge degraded chlorinated ethenes, but the degradation rates were low. The addition of primary substrate was necessary to sustain dechlorination. The dechlorinating activity seemed to be constitutively present in the anaerobic bacteria. Usually, one chlorine atom was removed via reductive hydrogenolysis. Only trichloroethene (TCE) was converted to substantial amounts of vinylchloride (VC). 1,1-Dichloroethene (1,1DCE) was observed to be an important intermediate in the dechlorination by unadapted granular sludge, although previously this compound had not been commonly observed. Furthermore, the dechlorination of 1,1DCE was faster than the dechlorination of the other chloroethenes. Copyright ? 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. The ability of granular methanogenic sludge to dechlorinate chloroethenes was investigated with unadapted sludge from an upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor fed with methanol. The sludge degraded chlorinated ethenes, but the degradation rates were low. The addition of primary substrate was necessary to sustain dechlorination. The dechlorinating activity seemed to be constitutively present in the anaerobic bacteria. Usually, one chlorine atom was removed via reductive hydrogenolysis. Only trichloroethene (TCE) was converted to substantial amounts of vinylchloride (VC). 1,1-Dichloroethene (1,1DCE) was observed to be an important intermediate in the dechlorination by unadapted granular sludge, although previously this compound had not been commonly observed. Furthermore, the dechlorination of 1,1DCE was faster than the dechlorination of the other chloroethenes.
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