Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 109347
Title Immune responses and resistance to Eimeria acervulina of chickens divergently selected for antibody responses to sheep red blood cells
Author(s) Parmentier, H.K.; Yousif Abuzeid, S.; Vries Reilingh, G. de; Nieuwland, M.G.B.; Graat, E.A.M.
Source Poultry Science 80 (2001). - ISSN 0032-5791 - p. 894 - 900.
Department(s) Adaptation Physiology
Quantitative Veterinary Epidemiology
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2001
Abstract Resistance to Eimeria acervulina was measured in two lines of chickens that had been divergently selected for high (H line) or low (L line) antibody (Ab) responses to SRBC, and in a randombred control (C) line originating from the same parental stock. Fecal oocyst output of cocks from the three lines from the 17th generation was estimated after primary and secondary infection with 2 x 105 oocysts. In addition, Ab responses to E. acervulina oocyst antigen and cellular immune responses in vitro to E. acervulina antigen were measured after primary and secondary infection with E. acervulina. No significant line differences were found with respect to fecal oocyst output after primary infection. Only at the end of the primary infection period, i.e., Day 15 postprimary infection, was a significantly lower fecal oocyst output found in the H line as compared to the C and L lines. After secondary infection, significantly higher fecal oocyst output was found in the C line. Significantly higher Ab response after primary and secondary infection were found in the H and C lines as compared to the L line. No line differences were found for cellular immune responses to E. acervulina oocyst antigen. These observations imply that selection for enhanced humoral immunity to SRBC did not result in enhanced resistance to E. acervulina in terms of fecal oocyst output. However, the H line might expel E. acervulina more rapidly than the other two lines. The absence of line differences in resistance to Eimeria is discussed with respect to the role of the humoral immune response.
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