Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 109854
Title Associations between casein haplotypes and first lactation milk production traits in Finnish Ayrshire cows
Author(s) Ikonen, T.; Bovenhuis, H.; Ojala, M.; Ruottinen, O.; Georges, M.
Source Journal of Dairy Science 84 (2001)2. - ISSN 0022-0302 - p. 507 - 514.
Department(s) Animal Breeding and Genomics
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2001
Abstract The objective of this study was to estimate the effects of β-κ-casein (CN) haplotypes on first-lactation milk production traits. The β-κ-CN haplotypes were deduced using information on β- and κ-CN genotypes of cows and their sires for 16,973 Finnish Ayrshire cows that had at least nine paternal half sibs. Effects of CN haplotypes on milk production traits were estimated for one haplotype at a time using an animal model, which included the fixed effects for calving year and month, age at calving, days open, β-lactoglobulin, and a β-κ-CN haplotype. Differences in milk production traits were also estimated between haplotype combinations A1A A2B and A1B A2A within β-κ-CN genotype A1A2AB and between combinations A1E A2A and A1A A2E within genotype A1A2AE. The β-κ-CN haplotypes A2A and A2B were associated with high milk and protein yields and low fat content, and those that included the β-CN A1 allele were associated with low yields and high fat content. Protein content was affected by the κ-CN locus; haplotype A1B was associated with high protein content and A1E was with low protein content. The haplotype combination A1A A2B was associated with 140 kg more milk yield (P = 0.045) and 0.03 percentage units less protein content (P = 0.055) than combination A1B A2A, and combination A1A A2E showed 0.02 percentage units greater protein content (P = 0.098) than A1E A2A. These results indicate that genes linked to the CN loci contribute to the variation in milk yield and protein content.
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