Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

    We have a manual that explains all the features 

Record number 120486
Title Landscape forming processes and diversity of forested landscapes : description and application of the model FORSPACE
Author(s) Kramer, K.; Baveco, J.M.; Bijlsma, R.J.; Clerkx, A.P.P.M.; Dam, J.; Groen, T.A.; Groot Bruinderink, G.W.T.A.; Jorritsma, I.T.M.; Kalkhoven, J.; Kuiters, A.T.; Lammertsma, D.R.; Prins, H.H.T.; Sanders, M.; Wegman, R.; Wieren, S.E. van; Wijdeven, S.; Wijngaart, R. van der
Source Wageningen : Alterra (Alterra-rapport 216) - 168
Department(s) Wildlife Ecology and Conservation
Publication type Scientific report
Publication year 2001
Keyword(s) landschapsecologie - biodiversiteit - vegetatie - begrazing - branden - hoefdieren - herbivoren - populatiedynamica - ruimtelijke variatie - methodologie - modellen - bosecologie - nederland - verstoring - landscape ecology - biodiversity - vegetation - grazing - fires - ungulates - herbivores - population dynamics - spatial variation - methodology - models - forest ecology - netherlands - disturbance
Categories Landscape Ecology
Abstract In the project "Landschapsvormende processen en biodiversiteit" ("Landscape forming processes and bioversity") the spatial interactions between autonomous development of a vegetation and landscape forming processes were investigated and their implications for (bio)diversity at the landscape level were evaluated. For this purpose the model FORSPACE was developed which is a spatial explicit process model that describes vegetation dynamics and the impacts of landscape forming processes. In this study emphasis was paid to the effects of grazing by large herbivores and fire on the vegetation. Two approaches to analyse diversity at the landscape scale were developed: 1) a spatial analysis evaluating the time-evolution of dominant vegetation types, and 2) a metapopulation approach that describes the population dynamics of indicator species at the landscape scale depending on the availability of habitat. This report focuses on the methodological aspects of the study and thus acts as a reference for future applied studies. The model structure is described in detail, as well as the approach of spatial analysis and of the metapopulation dynamics of an indicator species. Much emphasis is paid on the validation of the driving processes for trees, herbs and grasses by evaluating controlled simulation experiments. In a case-study on the 200 ha of the Imbos, an area in the centre of the Netherlands, the impacts of grazing by herbivores and its interaction with different fire frequencies were evaluated.
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