Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 123733
Title Enclosed outdoor photobioreactors: light regime, photosynthetic efficiency, scale-up, and future prospects
Author(s) Janssen, M.G.J.; Tramper, J.; Mur, L.R.; Wijffels, R.H.
Source Biotechnology and Bioengineering 81 (2003). - ISSN 0006-3592 - p. 193 - 210.
Department(s) Bioprocess Engineering
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2003
Keyword(s) microalga porphyridium sp - bubble column reactors - tubular photobioreactors - spirulina-platensis - airlift photobioreactors - commercial production - solar irradiance - mass cultivation - algal cultures - grown outdoors
Abstract Enclosed outdoor photobioreactors need to be developed and designed for large-scale production of phototrophic microorganisms. Both light regime and photosynthetic efficiency were analyzed in characteristic examples of state-of-the-art pilot-scale photobioreactors. In this study it is shown that productivity of photobioreactors is determined by the light regime inside the bioreactors. In addition to light regime, oxygen accumulation and shear stress limit productivity in certain designs. In short light-path systems, high efficiencies, 10% to 20% based on photosynthetic active radiation (PAR 400 to 700 nm), can be reached at high biomass concentrations (>5 kg [dry weight] m(-3)). It is demonstrated, however, that these and other photobioreactor designs are poorly scalable (maximal unit size 0.1 to 10 m(3)), and/or not applicable for cultivation of monocultures. This is why a new photobioreactor design is proposed in which light capture is physically separated from photoautotrophic cultivation. This system can possibly be scaled to larger unit sizes, 10 to >100 m(3), and the reactor liquid as a whole is mixed and aerated. It is deduced that high photosynthetic efficiencies, 15% on a PAR-basis, can be achieved. Future designs from optical engineers should be used to collect, concentrate, and transport sunlight, followed by redistribution in a large-scale photobioreactor. (C) 2002 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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