|Title||Boeren op het Drentse zand 1600 - 1900 : een nieuwe visie op de `oude' landbouw|
|Source||Agricultural University. Promotor(en): A.M. van der Woude. - Wageningen : LU - ISBN 9789061944362 - 834|
|Department(s)||Division of Rural History|
|Publication type||Dissertation, internally prepared|
|Keyword(s)||landbouw - boerenstand - regionaal beleid - regionale planning - economisch beleid - economie - geschiedenis - statistiek - nederland - drenthe - agrarische geschiedenis - cum laude - agriculture - peasantry - regional policy - regional planning - economic policy - economics - history - statistics - netherlands - drenthe - agricultural history|
|Categories||Rural History of the Netherlands / Rural History|
This study reveals the character of farming mainly in the es-dorpen (open-field villages) area in the Dutch province of Drenthe from the 17th century onwards. It shows the change farming went through after the end of the 17th century, when a former extensive type of arable farming with a large number of cattle and horses became more specialized in rye cropping. A scissor-like movement of prices and costs (heavy taxations) forced farmers to intensify their production, and the numbers of cattle and horses decreased. An increasing demand for livestock and livestock products (butter and pork) again caused a fundamental change in farming after the 1840's. A new labour-intensive type of farming offered a basis for existence for part of a fast- growing rural population, which before had had to find a living in the margins of agriculture. At the end of the 19th century a further intensification and specialization of this improving type of farm took place.