Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 319891
Title Interpreting treatment x environment interaction in agronomy trials
Author(s) Vargas, M.; Crossa, J.; Eeuwijk, F.A. van; Sayre, K.; Reynolds, M.P.
Source Agronomy Journal 93 (2001)4. - ISSN 0002-1962 - p. 949 - 960.
DOI https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj2001.934949x
Department(s) Plant Breeding
PE&RC
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2001
Keyword(s) least-squares regression - models - wheat
Abstract Multienvironment trials are important in agronomy because the effects of agronomic treatments can change differentially in relation to environmental changes, producing a treatment × environment interaction (T × E). The aim of this study was to find a parsimonious description of the T × E existing in the 24 agronomic treatments evaluated during 10 consecutive years by (i) investigating the factorial structure of the treatments to reduce the number of treatment terms in the interaction and (ii) using quantitative year covariables to replace the qualitative variable year. Multiple factorial regression (MFR) for specific T × E terms was performed using standard forward selection procedures for finding year covariables that could replace the factor year in those T × E terms. Subsequently, we compared the results of the final MFR with those of a partial least squares based analysis to achieve extra insight in both the T × E and final MFR model. The MFR model with a stepwise procedure used in this study for describing the T × E showed that the most important interaction with year was that due to different N fertilizer levels and the most important environmental variables that explained year × N interaction were minimum temperatures in January, February, and March and maximum temperature in April. Evaporation in December and April were important covariables for describing year × tillage and year × summer crop interactions, whereas precipitation in December and sun hours in February were important for explaining the year × manure interaction. We also discuss the parallels with extended additive main effect and multiplicative interaction analysis. Biological interpretation of the results are provided.
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