Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 320062
Title Victivallis vadensis gen. nov., sp. nov., a sugar-fermenting anaerobe from human faeces
Author(s) Zoetendal, E.G.; Plugge, C.M.; Akkermans, A.D.L.; Vos, W.M. de
Source International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 53 (2003). - ISSN 1466-5026 - p. 211 - 215.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1099/ijs.0.02362-0
Department(s) Microbiology
VLAG
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2003
Keyword(s) 16s ribosomal-rna - rice paddy soil - sequence-analysis - fecal samples - bacteria - division - prosthecobacter - communities - commensal - culture
Abstract A novel strictly anaerobic, cellobiose-degrading bacterium, strain Cello, was isolated from a human faecal sample by combining enrichments in liquid and soft-agar basal media. A noteworthy characteristic was its inability to grow on normal agar plates and in roll tubes. The cells were coccus shaped and non-motile, with an extracellular slime layer. Growth of strain Cello T occurred between 20 and 40 degreesC, with optimal growth at 37 degreesC. The pH range for growth was 5-7-5 with an optimum at 6-5. In pure culture, strain Cello T could only grow on a variety of sugars. Glucose was converted to acetate, ethanol and H-2. The doubling time on glucose was 0.5 h. In a syntrophic co-culture with Methanospirillum hungatei strain JF-1(T), strain Cello(T) converted glucose to acetate and H-2. The G+C content was 59.2 mol%. 16S rDNA analysis revealed that the closest relatives of strain Cello(T) were two uncultured bacteria from anaerobic digesters, both with 94% 16S rDNA sequence similarity. The closest cultured representatives belong to genera of the bacterial division 'Verrucomicrobia'. The name Victivallis vadensis gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed for strain Cello(T) (=DSM 14823(T) =ATCC BAA-548(T)).
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