Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 320393
Title Relation between phylogeny and physiology in some ascomycetous yeasts
Author(s) Middelhoven, W.J.; Kurtzman, C.P.
Source Antonie van Leeuwenhoek: : Nederlandsch tijdschrift voor hygiëne, microbiologie en serologie 83 (2003). - ISSN 0003-6072 - p. 69 - 74.
Department(s) Microbiology
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2003
Keyword(s) normal-alkylamines - sole source - uric-acid - adenine - carbon - energy - nov
Abstract The question of whether yeasts with similar physiological properties are closely related has been examined using recently published phylogenetic analyses of 26S domain D1/D2 rDNA nucleotide sequences from all currently recognized ascomycetous yeasts. When apparently unique metabolic pathways are examined, some relationships between physiology and rDNA phylogeny are evident. Most Candida and Pichia species that are able to assimilate methanol as the sole carbon source are in a clade delimited by C. nanospora and C. boidinii. Exceptions are P. capsulata and P. pastoris which are phylogenetically separated from the other methanol-assimilating yeasts. Yeasts subject to the petite mutation, resulting in respiratory deficiency, belong to three different clades, viz. a Saccharomyces clade delimited by S. cerevisiae and S. rosinii, the Dekkera/Brettanomyces clade, and some Schizosaccharomyces species ('Archiascomycete' clade). However, petite mutants were also found in Zygosaccharomyces fermentati and some other more distantly related species. Yeasts able to assimilate n-hexadecane, uric acid or amines as sole carbon source are broadly distributed over the ascomycetous phylogenetic tree. However, species that assimilate adenine as sole carbon source are closely related. Most of these species also assimilated glycine, uric acid, n-hexadecane, putrescine and branched-chain aliphatic compounds such as isobutanol, leucine and isoleucine. Among the Saccharomycetales, species utilizing all or the great majority of these eight compounds are in the Stephanoascus/Arxula/Blastobotrys clade. Candida blankii, which is distantly related to this clade, proved to be an exception and assimilated six of eight of these compounds.
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