|Title||Control of the sulfide (S2-) concentration for optimal zinc removal by sulfide precipitation in a continuously stirred tank reactor|
|Author(s)||Veeken, A.H.M.; Akoto, L.; Pol, L.W.H.; Weijma, J.|
|Source||Water Research 37 (2003)15. - ISSN 0043-1354 - p. 3709 - 3717.|
|Publication type||Refereed Article in a scientific journal|
|Keyword(s)||afvalwaterbehandeling - zink - verwijdering - chemische precipitatie - sulfiden - sulfaat reducerende bacteriën - waste water treatment - zinc - removal - chemical precipitation - sulfides - sulfate reducing bacteria - sulfate-reducing bacteria - crystal precipitation - particle formation - sphalerite zns - solubility - mechanism|
|Categories||Waste Water Treatment|
|Abstract||Precipitation of Zn2+ with S2− was studied at room temperature in a continuously stirred tank reactor of 0.5 l to which solutions of ZnSO4 (800–5800 mg Zn2+/l) and Na2S were supplied. The pH was controlled at 6.5 and S2− concentration in the reactor was controlled at set point values ranging from 3.2x10−19 to 3.2x10−4 mg l−1, making use of an ion-selective S2− electrode
Precipitation of Zn2+ with S2- was studied at room temperature in a continuously stirred tank reactor of 0.51 to which solutions of ZnSO4 (800-5800 mg(-1) Zn2+) and Na2S were supplied. The pH was controlled at 6.5 and S2- concentration in the reactor was controlled at set point values ranging from 3.2 x 10(-19) to 3.2 x 10(-4) mg l(-1), making use of an ion-selective S2- electrode. In steady state, the mean particle size of the ZnS precipitate decreased linearly from 22 to 1 mum for S2- levels dropping from 3.2 x 10(-4) to 3.2 x 10(-18) mg l(-1). At 3.2 x 10(-11) Mg l(-1) of S2-, the supplies of ZnSO4 and Na2S solutions were stoichiometric for ZnS precipitation. At this S2- level, removal of dissolved zinc was optimal with effluent zinc concentration <0.03 mg l(-1) while ZnS particles formed with a mean geometric diameter of about 10 mum. Below 3.2 x 10(-11) mg l(-1) of S2- insufficient sulfide was added for complete zinc precipitation. At S2- levels higher than 3.2 x 10(-11) mg l(-1) the effluent zinc concentration increased due to the formation of soluble zinc sulfide complexes as confirmed by chemical equilibrium model calculations. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.