Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 326339
Title Screening of nutritional status in The Netherlands
Author(s) Kruizenga, H.M.; Wierdsma, N.J.; Bokhorst, M.A.E. van; Schueren, D.E. van der; Hollander, H.J.; Jonkers-Schuitema, C.F.; Heijden, E. van der; Melis, G.C.; Staveren, W.A. van
Source Clinical Nutrition 22 (2003)2. - ISSN 0261-5614 - p. 147 - 152.
Department(s) Global Nutrition
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2003
Keyword(s) malnutrition - complications - prevalence - disease
Abstract Background and Aims: In 2001, the Dutch Dietetic Association conducted a national screening on malnutrition. The goal of this screening was to determine the prevalence of disease-related malnutrition in The Netherlands in all fields of medical care and to investigate the involvement of the dietitian in the treatment of malnutrition. Methods: Eight thousand five hundred and twenty nine patients were screened of which data of 7606 patients could be analysed. Eighty one per cent (6150) of the patients were hospital patients. Eleven per cent (808) of the patients lived in a nursing home. Seven per cent (533) of the patients were home-care patients, who were measured at home or at the general practitioner's office. The origin of 115 patients (2%) was not registered. Age, height, weight, unintentional weight loss, kind of illness and intervention by a dietitian were registered. Malnutrition was defined as >10% unintentional weight loss during the past 6 months and risk of malnutrition was defined as 5-10% unintentional weight loss during the past 6 months. Results: Twelve per cent (884) of all patients appeared to be malnourished. Thirteen per cent (962) were at risk of malnutrition and 75% (5760) were well nourished. Fifty four per cent of the malnourished patients were referred to a dietitian. Oncological disease was more associated with malnutrition than non-oncological disease (in particular in the head and neck, lung and intestinal areas). Also, non-oncological gastro-intestinal and lung disease patients were often categorised as malnourished. Elderly patients (>75 years) were more at risk of malnutrition. BMI and unintentional weight loss did not correlate well. Conclusion: In this national survey conducted by dietitians, including a convenience sample of mainly institutionalised patients, approximately 25% of patients in all medical fields were categorised as moderately or severely malnourished. About half of these patients were seen by a dietitian. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
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