Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 327021
Title The prophage sequences of Lactobacillus plantarum strain WCFS1
Author(s) Ventura, M.; Canchaya, C.; Kleerebezem, M.; Vos, W.M. de; Siezen, R.J.; Brussow, H.
Source Virology 316 (2003). - ISSN 0042-6822 - p. 245 - 255.
Department(s) Microbiology
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2003
Keyword(s) group-a streptococcus - genome sequence - xylella-fastidiosa - phage genomics - microarray analysis - mitogenic factor - dairy bacteria - virulence - temperate - bacteriophages
Abstract The Lactobacillus plantarum commensal WCFS1 contains four prophage elements in its genome. Lp1 and Lp2 are two about 40-kb-long uninducible prophages that share closely related DNA packaging, head and tail genes defining a second lineage of pac-site Siphoviridae in L plantarum, distinct from L plantarum phage phigle, but related to Bacillus phage SPP1 and Lactococcus phage TP901-1. Northern analysis revealed transcribed prophage genes exclusively near both attachment sites. Comparative genomics identified candidate lysogenic conversion genes (LCG) downstream of the lysis cassette and within the lysogeny module. Notable are genes with sequence similarities to putative LCG from Streptococcus pyogenes prophages and to a Bacillus plasmid. Both prophages harbored tRNA genes. R-Lp3 and R-Lp4 represent short prophage remnants; R-Lp3 abuts Lp2 and displays sequence links to cos-site Siphoviridae. (C) 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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