Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 333174
Title Protection of Penaeus monodon against white spot syndrome virus using a WSSV subunit vaccine
Author(s) Witteveldt, J.; Vlak, J.M.; Hulten, M.C.W. van
Source Fish and Shellfish Immunology 16 (2004)5. - ISSN 1050-4648 - p. 571 - 579.
Department(s) Laboratory of Virology
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2004
Keyword(s) major structural proteins - innate immunity - genome sequence - shrimp - infection - japonicus - identification - baculovirus - resistance - hemocytes
Abstract Although invertebrates lack a true adaptive immune response, the potential to vaccinate Penaeus monodon shrimp against white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) using the WSSV envelope proteins VP19 and VP28 was evaluated. Both structural WSSV proteins were N-terminally fused to the maltose binding protein (MBP) and purified after expression in bacteria. Shrimp were vaccinated by intramuscular injection of the purified WSSV proteins and challenged 2 and 25 days after vaccination to assess the onset and duration of protection. As controls, purified MBP- and mock-vaccinated shrimp were included. VP19-vaccinated shrimp showed a significantly better survival (p <0.05) as compared to the MBP-vaccinated control shrimp with a relative percent survival (RPS) of 33% and 57% at 2 and 25 days after vaccination, respectively. Also, the groups vaccinated with VP28 and a mixture of VP19 and VP28 showed a significantly better survival when challenged two days after vaccination (RPS of 44% and 33%, respectively), but not after 25 days. These results show that protection can be generated in shrimp against WSSV using its structural proteins as a subunit vaccine. This suggests that the shrimp immune system is able to specifically recognize and react to proteins. This study further shows that vaccination of shrimp may be possible despite the absence of a true adaptive immune system, opening the way to new strategies to control viral diseases in shrimp and other crustaceans. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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