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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

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Record number 336733
Title Capacity of boar spermatozoa to bind zona pellucida proteins in vitro in relation to fertilization rates in vivo
Author(s) Harkema, W.; Visser, I.; Soede, N.M.; Kemp, B.; Woelders, H.
Source Theriogenology 61 (2004)3. - ISSN 0093-691X - p. 227 - 238.
Department(s) Adaptation Physiology
ID - Dier en Omgeving
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2004
Keyword(s) pig oocytes - insemination - sperm - ovulation - ultrasonography - sows - eggs
Abstract The purpose of this study was to determine variation among boars in the percentage of sperm in an ejaculate that express enhanced binding of zona pellucida proteins during treatment for capacitation in vitro, and to determine whether this relates to fertilizing ability in vivo. Ejaculates (n=35) were collected from 12 boars. A sample of each ejaculate was treated for capacitation in vitro. During incubation, the zona binding ability of spermatozoa was assessed at regular intervals with fluorescein-conjugated solubilized zona pellucida proteins (FITC-sZP) and propidium iodide, using a flow cytometer. After incubation, a percentage of the sperm had enhanced FITC-sZP binding. The percentage of viable sperm with enhanced FITC-sZP binding, expressed as a percentage of the total sperm population, increased rapidly over the first 60 min and thereafter reached a plateau after 120–180 min. Averaged over all ejaculates, the percentage at 180 min was 46% (range 27–61%); this percentage was significantly different among boars. However, the variation between ejaculates within a boar was relatively small. There was no significant boar effect on the rate at which the percentage of viable cells with enhanced FITC-sZP binding reached the maximum. In ejaculates (n=14) from four boars (selected from the group of 12), we investigated the increase in the percentage of viable sperm with enhanced sZP binding during treatment for capacitation in vitro in relation to the ability to fertilize in vivo. Sows (n=44) were inseminated 4 h after ovulation with a suboptimal insemination dose (0.5×109 spermatozoa). Time of ovulation was determined using transrectal ultrasonography and sows were killed at 120 h after ovulation. The percentage of fertilized oocytes, embryo development, and numbers of accessory spermatozoa were determined. The percentage of spermatozoa that were viable and showed enhanced sZP binding after 180 min of incubation was 48±12% (range 28–56%). The percentage of fertilized oocytes was 85±27% and 64% of the sows had 100% fertilized oocytes. The percentage of sows with 100% fertilized oocytes correlated well (P=0.05, R2=0.98) with the percentage of viable spermatozoa with enhanced FITC-sZP binding after capacitation in vitro.
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