|Title||Falta Petroleo! Perspectives on the emergence of a more ecological farming and food system in post-crisis Cuba|
|Source||Wageningen University. Promotor(en): N.G. Röling; E.A. Goewie. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789085041979 - 351|
Leerstoel Maatschappelijke aspecten van biologische landbouw
|Publication type||Dissertation, internally prepared|
|Keyword(s)||biologische landbouw - bedrijfssystemen - energiebeleid - cuba - voedselproductie - teeltsystemen - economische ontwikkeling - overheidsbeleid - landbouwbeleid - low input landbouw - landbouwhervorming - voedselzekerheid - organic farming - farming systems - energy policy - food production - cropping systems - economic development - government policy - agricultural policy - low input agriculture - agrarian reform - cuba - food security|
|Abstract||Keywords: ecological / organic / agriculture / transition / farming systems / co-operatives / Cuba / food security / food system / institutional learning / crisis / rural livelihoods / coping strategies / localisation
This research takes as its case for analysis the nationwide change to a more self-reliant agricultural production and food sector in
In the early 1990s, industrialised
The primary data for this research was collected in
The Cuban experience provides food for thought on the development of ecological agriculture: on the top-down promotion and legislation which shows to work to transform an industrialised production system to one of substitution by biological inputs; on the emergence of an agricultural system which embraces the enlightened use of agrochemicals; on the indication that ecological illiteracy rather than agribusiness is limiting the development of ecological agriculture; and on the degree of efficacy of organic development in the absence of a more entrepreneurial and autonomous grassroots organic movement.
The achievement of food security is less dependent on the agricultural husbandry approach than on political will and its comprehensive enactment. Ecological agriculture shows to be technically feasible as a mainstream component of a nation's food security policy, yet an enforced lack of external inputs is insufficient to ensure an ecological agriculture without the political will. Finally, without a more holistic framework for the food system, both human and environmental health-related production problems appear to persist.