Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 345367
Title Geomorphology and human palaeoecology of the Méma, Mali
Author(s) Vries, E. de; Makaske, B.; Tainter, J.A.; McIntosh, R.J.
Source Wageningen : Alterra (Alterra-rapport 1244) - 119
Department(s) Landscape Centre
Publication type Research report
Publication year 2005
Keyword(s) archeologie - paleo-ecologie - mali - geomorfologie - woestijnvorming - paleoklimatologie - archaeology - palaeoecology - mali - geomorphology - desertification - palaeoclimatology
Categories Geography of Africa / Archaeology
Abstract The Méma is a semi-arid region in central-Mali with a rich archaeological heritage indicating the former existence of large urban settlements. Previous investigations suggest that the Méma is an important area in which to study the origins of Sahelian agriculture, metallurgy, and urbanism, the continuing effects of long-term desiccation, the fluvial history of the Niger River basin, human responses to desertification, and regional abandonment. As a basis for such future studies, a geomorphological map of the Méma was made based on remote sensing and field data. In this report the geomorphological map is presented with a discussion of the origin and chronology of the landforms. Following upon this discussion, the archaeology of the Méma is described, with theoretical considerations about the origin of urbanism and the abandoment of the urban settlements
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