Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 350435
Title Spatial and temporal trends in species richness and abundance for southerly and northerly components of the North Sea fish community separately, based on IBTS data 197702005
Author(s) Daan, N.
Event ICES Annual Science Conference 2006, Maastricht, 19-23 September 2006, 2006-09-19/2006-09-23
Department(s) Wageningen Marine Research
Publication type Contribution in proceedings
Publication year 2006
Keyword(s) vissen - soortendiversiteit - klimaatverandering - mariene gebieden - noordzee - fishes - species diversity - climatic change - marine areas - north sea
Categories Climatic Change / Marine Ecology
Abstract Based on the North Sea International Bottom Trawl Survey, the number of species recorded after 20 hauls is used as an index of biodiversity at a spatial scale of 10*10nm. The results show a clear pattern: species richness is lowest in the central North Sea and highest in Scottish waters, in the Kattegat and in the Channel area. When the community is split into its northerly and southerly components, the former reaches its highest diversity in waters typically deeper than 100m and the latter in waters less than 50m. The area of high richness of northerly species extends from Scottish waters along the Norwegian trench into the Kattegat. High richness of southerly species is not restricted to the southern North Sea but is observed also along the Scottish coast and in the Kattegat. These patterns are discussed in relation to hydrographical features that may control these differences. Temporal trends indicate that both components are characterized by a gradual increase in species richness over the past 25 years, a process that has affected the whole area while rates of change did hardly differ between the components or areas. A standardized index of abundance also indicates long-term gradual increases for both northerly and southerly species, although in this case the increase in southern species is larger. I argue that overexploitation is a more plausible explanation for the observed phenomena, although climate change may have had add-on effects.
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