Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 353850
Title Outdoor ranging of poultry: a major risk factor for the introduction and development of high pathogenicity Avian Influenza
Author(s) Koch, G.; Elbers, A.R.W.
Source NJAS Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences 54 (2006)2. - ISSN 1573-5214 - p. 179 - 194.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/S1573-5214(06)80021-7
Department(s) CIDC - Division Virology
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2006
Keyword(s) pluimveehouderij - scharrelhouderij - infectieziekten - aviaire influenza A-virussen - wilde vogels - volksgezondheid - migratie - epidemiologie - epidemieën - fylogenie - bioveiligheid - poultry farming - free range husbandry - infectious diseases - avian influenza A viruses - wild birds - public health - migration - epidemiology - epidemics - phylogeny - biosafety - a viruses - british-columbia - sentinel ducks - wild ducks - hemagglutinin - waterfowl - outbreak - h7n7 - surveillance - minnesota
Categories Poultry / Infectious Diseases
Abstract High-Pathogenicity Avian Influenza (HPAI) is an extremely infectious viral disease of poultry. Public health concerns were raised when six persons died in Hong Kong in 1997 after exposure to HPAI-infected poultry. Its danger became imminent in the recent HPAI epidemic in South-East Asia when the virus expanded its geographical range via parts of central Asia to Europe, Africa and the Middle East. Wild birds are frequently carriers of influenza A viruses. Nearly all Avian Influenza (AI) viruses isolated from wild birds are low-pathogenic and cause no clinical problems in these birds. Only after low-pathogenicity viruses are introduced in poultry, in particular in chickens and turkeys, high-pathogenicity mutants emerge after a variable length of time. Biosecurity is the first line of defence against an introduction of AI into commercial poultry flocks. Any conceivable contact between possibly contaminated animals, areas around poultry houses contaminated with faecal material from wild birds and contaminated abiotic vectors on the one hand and domestic poultry on the other must be avoided. In this paper we shall discuss the worldwide occurrence of HPAI outbreaks, the existence of AI virus infections in wild birds, and possible strategies to reduce the risk of the introduction of AI viruses into domestic poultry flocks, with special reference to free ranging
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