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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

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Record number 366953
Title War veterans in Zimbabwe's land occupations: complexities of a liberation movement in an African post-colonial settler society
Author(s) Sadomba, W.
Source Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Paul Richards, co-promotor(en): S. Moyo; Kees Jansen. - [S.l.] : S.n. - ISBN 9789085049173 - 257
Department(s) Technology and Agrarian Development
Publication type Dissertation, internally prepared
Publication year 2008
Keyword(s) veteranen - belangengroepen - politiek - landbouwhervorming - landbouwgrond - grondbeleid - overheidsbeleid - kolonialisme - imperialisme - conflict - boeren - armoede - sociale verandering - platteland - zimbabwe - geschiedenis - bezetting - westerse wereld - verhoudingen tussen bevolking en staat - politieke conflicten - sociaal conflict - nationale politiek - veterans - interest groups - politics - agrarian reform - agricultural land - land policy - government policy - colonialism - imperialism - conflict - farmers - poverty - social change - rural areas - zimbabwe - history - occupation - western world - relations between people and state - political conflicts - social conflict - national politics
Categories Rural History of Southern Africa / Political History of Southern Africa / Economic, Social, and Cultural History of Southern Africa
Abstract In 2000, Zimbabwe’s century old land movement took a swift turn, rupturing into
nationwide occupation of mainly White owned commercial farms. The speed with
which occupations spread, their organisation, the political and economic context, the
historical origins and interaction of the forces, shaped an unprecedented and
complex land movement impacting on the region, the continent and beyond.
Zimbabwe’s land occupations were unique in two ways. First, the leading role of
War Veterans of the 1970s anti-colonial guerrilla war in the land occupations was
exceptional. Second, the simultaneous challenge to racial, settler economic
dominance and neo-colonialism by marginalised peasants, farm workers, war
veterans, urban youth and the unemployed, was a new experience in post-colonial
history of Africa’s liberation movements. Zimbabwe’s land occupations were a long
continuum of land struggles to resolve the colonial legacy of racial resource
distribution but as they occurred, the role played by the state, the contested terrain of
the civil society, formidable political opposition and imperialist interventions of
western powers clouded the identity of the land movement thereby making it
difficult to distinguish the moving current and the identity of forces from the wider
political conflicts swirling around it. Who exactly initiated the occupations and for
what reasons? This thesis attempts to unpack these intricately locked forces in a bid
to understand their origins, interests, strategies, tactics and above all, the alliances
between and amongst them, for clearer understanding of the core of the movement.
This thesis traces the history of Zimbabwe’s liberation movement as foundation to
understanding political reconfigurations that shaped post independence social
movements and assesses agrarian technology responses to such a dramatic social
change of Africa’s post-colonial settler society. The thesis provokes prognostic
thoughts about the role played by social capital of liberation struggles in future
economic and cultural emancipation from shackles of neo-colonialism and racial,
settler capitalism.
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