Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 388934
Title Jhum Meets IFOAM: Introducing Organic Agriculture in a Tribal Society
Author(s) Eernstman, N.; Wals, A.E.J.
Source International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability 7 (2009)2. - ISSN 1473-5903 - p. 95 - 106.
Department(s) Education and Learning Sciences
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2009
Keyword(s) agroforestry - inheemse kennis - biologische landbouw - kennissystemen - duurzaam bodemgebruik - natuur- en milieueducatie - agroforestry - indigenous knowledge - organic farming - knowledge systems - sustainable land use - nature and environmental education - shifting cultivation
Categories Organic Farming / Agriculture in Asia
Abstract Worldwide organic agriculture (OA) is seen by many as a promising alternative for the present `unsustainable' farming systems. The conversion to `organic' is often accompanied by the introduction of universal principles and standards that allow for certification. This study explores the interface between two knowledge systems: organic agriculture as interpreted by the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM) and the slash-and-burn-based Naga shifting cultivation system (Jhum) as it still functions today in the Northeast of India. The study demonstrates that in some cases the introduction of a universal knowledge system such as IFOAM may actually be counteractive in the development of contextually appropriate and workable sustainable land management (SLM) systems. Instead of imposing OA on local communities, in a well-meant attempt to establish a more sustainable agriculture system, the authors conclude that alternative paths towards sustainable development are needed, paths which take into account differing perceptions of what `sustainable land use' means in a specific context.
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