Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 38908
Title Tillage and water management for riceland productivity in acid sulfate soils of the Mekong delta, Vietnam.
Author(s) Minh, L.Q.; Tuong, T.P.; Mensvoort, M.E.F. van; Bouma, J.
Source Soil & Tillage Research 42 (1997). - ISSN 0167-1987 - p. 1 - 14.
Department(s) Laboratory of Soil Science and Geology
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 1997
Keyword(s) zure gronden - kattekleigronden - bodem - uitspoelen - acid soils - acid sulfate soils - soil - leaching
Categories Soil Chemistry
Abstract Acid sulfate soils are characterized by low pH and high concentrations of aluminum, sulfate, iron and hydrogen sulfide. Removal of at least part of these substances is a prerequisite for land use, at least in severely acid soils. In this study, the effectiveness of harrowing and flushing with surface water for the removal of toxic substances from the topsoil of acid sulfate soils (ASS) with different toxicity levels was investigated. During the flood recession period, at three experimental sites ranging from slightly, to moderately to strongly acid, two flushing treatments (once or three times, denoted as F1 and F3, respectively) combined with two harrowing treatments (also once or three times, denoted as H1 and H3, respectively) were applied. Soils were classified as very fine Typic Sulfaquepts. At all three sites, when F1 was practiced, H3 did not have a significantly lower soluble aluminum concentration compared with H1. In slightly ASS, the differences between H1 and H3 and between F1 and F3 were not significant. Under moderately acid conditions, the soluble aluminum concentration after H3 was not significantly different from after H1, but it was significantly lower after F3 compared with F1. In severe ASS, H3 combined with F3 gave a significantly lower soluble aluminum concentration compared with F3H1. In addition to soluble Al, Al at the exchange complex was also investigated. The combinations of flushing and harrowing did not significantly change Al at the exchange complex. The F3H3 treatment resulted in a significantly greater rice yield compared with other treatments (F3H1, F1H3 and F1H1). In order to minimize the contamination of surface water, the flood recession period is the optimal time for flushing aluminum out of ASS.
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