Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 389465
Title The determination of nitrogen dioxide in ambient air with free hanging filters as passive samplers, and a new calibration method using fritted bubblers
Author(s) Heeres, P.; Setiawan, R.; Krol, M.C.; Adema, E.H.
Source Journal of Environmental Monitoring 11 (2009)12. - ISSN 1464-0325 - p. 2216 - 2221.
Department(s) Meteorology and Air Quality
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2009
Keyword(s) sulfur-dioxide - sampling method - validation - membrane - exposure - device - no2
Abstract This paper describes two new methods for the determination of NO2 in the ambient air. The first method consists of free hanging filters with a diameter of 2.5 cm as passive samplers. The filters are impregnated with triethanolamine to bind NO2. With standard colorimetrical analysis, the amount of NO2 on the filters is determined. The second method is performed with fritted bubblers filled with Saltzman reagent, where, with a special procedure the absorption efficiencies of the bubblers are determined using ambient air, without the use of standard gases and electronic analytical instruments. The results of the bubblers are used to calibrate the free hanging filters. The two methods were applied simultaneously in the city of Yogyakarta, Indonesia. The methods are inexpensive and very well suited for use in low-budget situations. A characteristic of the free filter is the Sampling Volume, SV. This is the ratio of the amount of NO2 on the filter and the ambient concentration. With the filter used in this study, the amount of triethanolamine and exposure time, the SV is 0.0166 m3. The sampling rate (SR) of the filter, 4.6 cm3/s, is high. Hourly averaged measurements are performed for 15 hours per day in four busy streets. The measured amounts of NO2 on the filters varied between 0.57 and 2.02 µg NO2, at ambient air concentrations of 32 to 141 µg/m3 NO2. During the experiments the wind velocity was between 0.2 and 2.0 m/s, the relative humidity between 24 and 83 % and the temperature between 295 K and 311 K. These variations in weather conditions have no influence on the uptake of NO2
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